|surface:|| 276 km ²|
|inhabitants:|| 39 ' 866 (2005)|
|population density:|| 143 Einw. /km ²|
|entry to the confederation:||1291|
Table of contents
Nidwalden is in the center of Switzerland. In the north the canton is by that Vierwaldstättersee limits, in all other directions by mountain ranges.
within Swiss confederation is Nidwalden a half canton. This gives in principle all rights and obligations to Nidwalden like the other cantons; only exception is that Nidwalden only one instead of two representatives into that Condition advice to send knows and its tuning with the condition more only than a half voice counts.
the land advice, the kantonale parliament, has 60 seats and on a legislative period by four years is selected. The last elections found to 26. March 2006 instead of. ThoseResults:
|A party|| of seats |
| voter portion |
| seats |
| voter portion |
the selected representative of the PLD followed the SVP parliamentary group. The FR and DN supported each other mutually. This led 2006 to a common list in two municipalities (free list). The democratic Nidwalden belongs to becoming green to the party of Switzerland .
The executive calls itself government advice and consists of seven persons. The past members became all with the choice of 26. March 2006 red-elect. Two combat candidates failed clearly with the attempt to take the place of a past cabinet member. CVP and FDP place three cabinet members each, the democratic Nidwaldenone. There is:
- Lisbeth Gabriel Blättler , building industry, CVP, since 2002 in the government
- Beat fox , law and security, FDP, since 1998 in the government
- Beatrice Jann Odermatt , education, FDP, since 2002 in the government
- Hugo Kayser, agriculture and environment, CVP, since 2005 inthe government
- Paul Niederberger , Finanzen, CVP, since 1996 in the government
- Gerhard Odermatt , national economy, FDP, since 2002 in the government
- Leo Odermatt , health and social, DN, since 1998 in the government
the chairman of the committee Landammann is called, in the female form womanLandammann and is selected for one year. In the year 2006 is this Mrs. Landammann Lisbeth Gabriel Blättler.
to in 20. Century was dominated Nidwalden of the agriculture. Cattle and cheese were exported particularly to north Italy. Since the center 19. Centurybegan trade to win industry and tourism at meaning. Today many small and medium sized entrepreneurs in Nidwalden were established. The Pilatus aircraft, which manufactures airplanes, is a large employer. Many of the industriellen of enterprises have themselves in mechanical engineering, Medizinalapparaten, international trade, optics or electronicsspecialized.
Traditional enterprises in country and forestry are still important. The agriculture is specialized in cattle breeding and milk products. The farmer enterprises are still family businesses.
ways of the hilly environment is important to tourism in Nidwalden. The lake and the mountains pull manyHoliday-maker on, in the summer as also in the winter. The most important tourist regions are Klewenalp, the Stanserhorn, the Titlis glacier, the Bannalp and the defiency guarantee stick.
the canton is traffic-moderately well opened. The a2 lead across the canton. In HergiswilSize branches the A8 direction Brünig from this. The road lines Luzern Engelberg, Luzern Sarnen Brünig Interlaken, Stans Seelisberg and Stans core Sarnen are the most important main traffic axles for the regional traffic.
The canton Nidwalden is well opened by public traffic. The line Luzern Stans Engelberg of the central course is at the most important one. This branches inHergiswil size of the line of the Brünigbahn (like the vernacular the railroad line Luzern Brünig Interlaken east calls), likewise belonging to the central course, off. Different municipalities are attainable starting from Stans with the post office car.
in the year 1291 created Unterwalden (Nidand Obwalden) together with Uri and Schwyz the confederation. At the time at that time this still no state was, but against 14. and 15. The first systems of government were established century. This were early forms of land municipalities and courts. In 14. and 15. Century metDelegates of Nidwalden with such of Obwalden, in order to discuss important affairs, but the two half cantons were never one. For example Obwalden was not in it was taken part, as the areas of Bellinzona, Riviera and Blenio annektiert (today part of the canton Tessin).
Around 1500many Nidwaldner went as mercenaries in strange service, why the Nidwaldner was called by their neighbours also Riisseckeler. Some later always emigrated, many in the Elsass. After Nidwalden the new condition of Napoleon had rejected - the ideas of the French revolution were not very popular in the landschaftlichen Nidwalden -, Nidwalden became to 9. September 1798 of French troops afflicted. Indiscriminate destruction was arranged, and at least 400 humans lost the life. After Napoleons' end in the year 1814 many of the changes were cancelled. Only in the year 1877 Nidwalden leda new condition. The land municipality was abolished 1997.
cities and places
Nidwalden covers the following eleven municipalities (arranged according to the Einwohnerzhl):
- Hergiswil (size)
- Upper village (size)
see also: Municipalities of theCanton Nidwalden
the canton Nidwalden does not know an organization into districts.
the traditional culture is alive held in Nidwalden by many small associations. There are traditional music, yodelling, dance, theatre and traditional celebrations. In addition, modern culturedoes not come too briefly. Concerts or galleries are widespread.
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