|of these articles refers to the canton, for further meanings of the name Thurgau sees Thurgau.|
|principal place:||Woman Mrs.|
|surface:|| 991 km ²|
|inhabitants:|| 233 ' 912 (2005)|
|population density:|| 235 Einw. /km ²|
|entry to the confederation:||1803|
Table of contents
The capital and seat of the government advice as well as the upper court are woman field. Seat of the large advice is half-yearly changing woman field and Weinfelden.The canton Thurgau refers its name of the river Thur, which crosses it from southeast to northwest and into the Rhine flows to far west in the zürcherischen district Andelfingen.
in the Thurgau the spokenGerman dialects belong Hochalemanni and within its northeast Swiss German . Explanation to the linguistic characteristics gives from Eugen the Nyffenegger and Oskar picks up written Thurgauer name book, of which that appeared consisting volume 1, of two half volumes, 2003: ISBN 3-7193-1309-3
religions - denominations
as former common rule (common subject area of several Swiss federal places) the Thurgau is konfessionell not uniform. In the larger part of the today's canton the reformed denomination dominates, but gives it several regions, where thosecatholic denomination outweighs. After the Kappeler Religionskriegen in 16. Jh. on the hearing dominated by the catholic conditions in the second land peace it was noted that the again-created religious conditions are to be protected that however when desired of three Gläubigen in oneKirchgemeinde the catholic services again must be introduced be supposed to be administered and the Pfrundgüter together. In the further the principle of territoriality was usually used, the basic gentlemen (the Thurgau was divided into a great many local rule) could affect considerably the religion of the subjects,do not intersperse themselves however always. Interestingly enough also many Kirchgemeinden in equal numbers, in which the churches were used together by both denominations, formed happened it however more or less peacefully. With the fourth land peace from 1712 the reformed ones becamesomewhat more favours than so far. The common Pfrundgüter was often divided after the proportion of the denominations. Some reformed Kirchgemeinden so e.g. Scherzingen and Erlen could do in 18. Jh. new churches establish, which was refused to them 1712 ago usually. Until 1798it often occurred that catholic Kollatoren in the reformed Kirchgemeinden the so-called. Prädikanten (ministers) determined. With the abolition of many religious pins and the diocese Konstanz this Kollaturrechte fell to the canton Thurgau, that it after 1830 to the particularsKirchgemeinden assigned.
condition and politics
the present condition date from 1987.
legislative organ is the large advice, that counts and in accordance with elections on the basis of proportional representation right by the people on four years is selected 130 members. The peopleis beyond that directly involved in the legislation, as constitutional amendments are subject to the mandatory, law changes the fakultativen referendum (required of at least 3000 voters within three months). Besides the people knows the right of the condition and legislative initiative (of at least 4 ' 000 voters requires),and it can require (with at least 20 ' 000 signatures) the recall of the large advice before expiration of the tidy term of office, about what then a popular vote is to be arranged.
After the elections of 2004 seats have (in parentheses choice 2000 and choice 1996):
- SVP 47(42 - 38)
- CVP 22 (27 - 25)
- FDP 20 (24 - 25)
- FR 23 (22 - 20)
- GP 13 (8 - 11)
- EVP 4 (5 - 4)
- EDU 1 (1 - 0)
implementing organ is the government advice, that consists of five members and is selected by the people in accordance with Mehrheitswahlrecht on likewise four years. The people can request (if required of at least 20 ' 000 voters) the premature recall the government advice, over which a popular vote are then arrangedmust.
After the elections of 2004, as before, seats have:
- SVP 2: Roland Eberle (since 1994; Finances and social) and Hans's Peter Ruprecht (since 1996; Building and environment)
- CVP 1: Bernhard Koch (since 2000; Education and culture)
- FDP 1: Dr.Kaspar Schläpfer (since 2003; Inside and national economy)
- FR 1: Dr. Claudius count Schelling (since 2000; Law and security)
head of the provincial government (2005/2006) are Roland Eberle, vice-president (2005/2006) are Dr. Kaspar Schläpfer. The state chancellery leads state State of Dr. Rainer Gonzenbach (since 1. June 2000).
composition of former governments
Eberle Roland (SVP), count Schelling Claudius (FR), cook Bernhard (CVP), Lei Hermann (FDP; to June 2002), Schläpfer Kaspar (FDP; starting from 2003), Ruprecht Hans Peter (SVP); State writer: Gonzenbach Rainer
Eberle Roland (SVP), Lei Hermann (FDP),Ruprecht Hans Peter (SVP), Schawalder Vreni (FR), Stähelin Philipp (CVP); State writer: Bricklayer Charles (FDP)
Bürgi Hermann (SVP), Eberle Roland (SVP; starting from June 1994), Fischer Hanspeter (SVP; until May 1994), Lei Hermann (FDP), Schmidli Ulrich (FR), Stähelin Philipp (CVP); State writer:Bricklayer Charles (FDP)
Bürgi Hermann (SVP), Fischer Hanspeter (SVP), Haffter Arthur (FDP), Schmidli Ulrich (FR), Stähelin Philipp (CVP); State writer: Bricklayer Charles (FDP)
the Christian-democratic people's party (CVP), the freesense-industrial union-democratic party (FDP), the Swiss people's party (SVP) and the social-democratic party of the canton Thurgau (FR; to SPS) are equivalent inthe executive (government advice) represent. In the parliament besides the Green is a party (GP), which represents Evangelist people's party (EVP) and the EDU.
of the kantonalen executive is divided districts and municipalities the canton Thurgau is into eight districts.Zurzeit thinks the government advice fundamental on the renewal of the today's organisational structure, which decreases/goes back to the establishment of canton in the year 1803.
Organs of the local autonomy are the political municipalities. Earlier municipality dualism so mentioned, that by a next to each other of localand Munizipalgemeinden was characterized and from napoleonischer time came, by the new condition from 1987 was abolished. In addition, further exist public-legally recognized training, citizen as well as the Evangelist-reformed and Roman-catholic Kirchgemeinden.
the backbone of the Thurgauer national economy forms a multiplicity of small and middle enterprises. This structure coins/shapes the Thurgauer economics. To the strongest industries belong the machine and apparatus engineering, metalworking, electronics and electro-technology as well as the plastic production. Are traditionally strongbesides the textile and the clothing industry. At growing the number of enterprises is in the IT-range as well as in the bio and Medizinaltechnik. The Thurgau counted 2001 15 ' 124 enterprises with altogether 105 ' 442 persons employed in the year. They distributed themselves as follows on the threeSectors: Land and forestry 10.4 per cent, industry, trade and building 37.3 per cent and services 52.4 per cent. Despite a clear acceptance in the years 1998 to 2001 the primary sector lies still over the Swiss portion of 5,8 per cent. Stablyremained the secondary sector, which lies likewise clearly over the Swiss portion of 26,6 per cent. Added clearly the tertiary sector, which lies however still behind the Swiss portion of 67,6 per cent. With distance of most important trade partners of the Thurgausis Germany. In the year 2004 a third (32 per cent) was set off approximately all Thurgauer exports in Germany. Afterwards the USA and France with 6 per cent each, before Austria and Italy with 5 per cent each follow. The national income per head thatPopulation amounted in the canton Thurgau in the year 2003 to 43 ' 121 Franconias. In the interkantonalen comparison the canton Thurgau at place 17 ranked. In relation to the previous year the national income in the Thurgau increased by 0,5%.
of the Thurgau is owing to its preferential situation at the Bodensee particularly in the summers a popular trip and holidays goal. In the year 2003 348 ' 000 Logiernächte were registered, about which two thirds of the guests from Switzerland and a third originated from the foreign country. The foreign guestscame predominantly (62 per cent) from Germany. The average duration of stopover amounted to 2.2 days. The tourism in the canton Thurgau develops on five platforms: “Velo Ferienland”, “benefit-full moving”, “Skater' s of Paradise”, “Meeting Thurgau” and “paradise at the Bodensee”. The gentle hill landscape and 62 kilometerslong Thurgauer Bodensee bank is particularly suitable for the wheel driving, moving and Inline Skaten. A further important support leg forms the seminar and conference tourism. “Meeting Thurgau” is a working group, in which 16 different training and meeting centers as well as conference and seminar hotels in the canton Thurgau unitedare. And under the title “paradise at the Bodensee” is applied the Thurgau since the year 2003 as Gourmetregion. A popular goal is the region particularly for so-called “Blustfahrten”, in the early summer at the bloom time of the fruit tree landscapes.
the cantonThurgau lies in the middle in the European High carouse triangle Stuttgart Munich Milan. The proximity to for Swiss the restaurant economics Zurich and to the airport “Unique” Zurich Kloten (30 minutes starting from woman field) secure the fast connection to international markets. Likewise in range are the airports of Friedrichshafen (Germany) and St.Gallen Altenrhein.The canton is by two motorways (A1 and A7) as well as two express train axles (Zurich - Konstanz/novel horn and Zurich - St.Gallen) connected with the centers in Switzerland and the close foreign country (Germany and Austria). The connections to the neighbour regions as well as thoseinnerkantonalen connections are ensured on the one hand by a well developed canton and local road net as well as by a multiplicity of regional course and Buslinien. Public traffic was developed gradually in the past years. In the year 2003 put all means of transport (regional andExpress trains, regional Buslinien, local traffic enterprises and navigation lines) approximately 10 million kilometers back. In the year 2002 they carried approximately 23 million passengers.
cities and places
(in each case at the end of of 2005)
- woman Mrs., 21 ' 933 inhabitants
- Kreuzlingen, 17 ' 583 inhabitants
- Arbon, 12 ' 794 inhabitants
- Amriswil, 11 ' 477 inhabitants
- Weinfelden, 9504 inhabitants
- novel horn, 9179 inhabitants
- Aadorf, 7379 inhabitants
- Sirnach, 6620Inhabitant
- bishop cell, 5485 inhabitants
- Münchwilen (TG), 4607 inhabitants
further municipalities of the canton see: Municipalities of the canton Thurgau
of districts with principal place
the 8 districts with principal place of the same name are called:
in Switzerland is called the canton Thurgau popularly also Mostindien. The component of “Most” results from the characteristic as area of cultivation of apple, while the connection with India therefore agitates that the form of theCanton of India resembles. But this name actually refers to the Oberthurgau, where since the late Middle Ages in the deep soil expanded Obstgärten (apples and pears) were put on and where primarily Most or juice was produced.
The hymn of the canton is the Thurgauerlied “O Thurgau you homeland”. Melody of Johannes Wepf, text of Johann Ulrich of fount houses.
Web on the left of
- official Website of the canton Thurgau
- side of the tourism federation
- nearly already Swiss - the GermanGrenzstadt Konstanz at the Bodensee
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