|of these articles concerns itself with the religious title. For other meanings, see Kaplan (term clarifying).|
Kaplan (v. lat.: capellanus a chapel assigned clergyman) in the German linguistic area the Roman-catholic priest is called in the first years after its Priesterweihe, in which he is subordinated to a minister and carries still no however responsibility for a Pfarrei usually.
Depending upon local habit the Kaplan also Vikar is called at some places - a designation, which the Kodex of the canonical church right (CIC) from 1983 for this function plans (vicarius paroecialis), which is nevertheless less common however. In the bairischen linguistic area also designation Kooperator (coworker [of the minister]) is usually used. In times of the lack of priest the designation Adjunkt became extinct completely. In municipalities with several young priests were called once the youngest Adjunkt, the next Vikar and the oldest Kaplan.
Also Kaplan contains the term of the CIC. There it designates however a clergyman with a specially-territorial Seelsorgebereich (for instance in hospitals or prisons). In the German linguistic area these are however mostly called ministers ( for example hospital ministers or prison ministers).