Karl August Varnhagen of Ense

Karl August Varnhagen of Ense (* 21. February 1785 in Duesseldorf; † 10. October 1858 in Berlin) was a German chronicler of the time of the romance up to the revolution 1848, storyteller, bio graph, diary writerand diplomat.

Karl Varnhagen of Ense, 1839, design of Samuel Friedrich Diez


Karl August Varnhagen was born 1785 as a son of a physician in at that time kurpfälzischen Duesseldorf. As a child turns out by stays on the Rhine, in Strasbourg,in Brussels and in Hamburg into the periphery of the French revolution. The father bends the policy to and Karl August grows up far from nut/mother and sister. As 14jähriger Varnhagen in Hamburg experiences the death of the father after shortSiechtum. It studies to the Pépinière, the medical academy in Berlin, three years long, as well as in and Tübingen resounds. As house teacher and yard master as well as a educator at families of the Jewish middle class he learns early younger, but already partial acquaintance -in the meantime unsterbliche - its contemporaries know:Adelbert of Chamisso, Justinus Kerner, Friedrich de la moth Fouqué, Ludwig UHL and and numerous other poets of the romance.

As an officer in Austrian, later in Russian services, he assumedthe wars of liberation against Napoleon part and hard mountain accompanied congress to the Viennese and to Paris. It was appointed as the representative of Prussia in Karlsruhe, recalled however 1819, democratic inclinations " suspiciously, and established themselves on it in Berlin .

To 27. September 1814 he married the Literatin Rahel Levin. After its death the widower gave the selection collection with letters and diaries Rahel to 1833: A book memories out (1 Bd. 1833, 3 Bde. 1834) and collected thosefrom it 6000 letters as well as further letters of and at 9000 persons delivered. Its niece Ludmilla Assing (1821 - 1880) inherited this collection and published the diaries Varnhagens as well as numerous further books. By will it bequeathed the handwriting,Books and pictures of the royal library to Berlin, which 1880 to their existence were taken up. In the Second World War it was paged out after Schlesien; today the handwriting is in the Biblioteka Jagiellonska [1] in Krakau, the books (Library Varnhagen) and pictures in the state library to Berlin.


  • history of the war courses of the general of Tettenborn, 1815
  • biographic thinking marks, 5 volumes (1824-1830)
  • memorablenesses and writings, 7 volumes (1837-1846) memorablenesses
  • mixed and mixed writings, Bd.8 and 9, 1859
  • Goethe appeared anonymous Prussian generals different in the certifications of the Mitlebenden
  • (1823) biographies (among other things Leopold v. Notion Dessau, Blücher, Bülow von Dennewitz, Keith, Schwerin),
  • diaries, 14 Bde. (= recordings of 1834-1858), 1861-1870 (selection from it: Viewsand confessions)
  • of sheets from Prussian history (= recordings of 1819-1830) 5 Bde., 1868-1869
  • exchanges of letters with Alexander of Humboldt, 1860
  • exchanges of letters with prince Pückler
  • exchange of letters with his Mrs. Rahel

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