Karl Gutzkow

Karl Ferdinand Gutzkow (* 17. March 1811 in Berlin; † 16. December 1878 in Saxonia living, Frankfurt/Main) was a German writer and publisher.

Karl Gutzkow
Karl Gutzkow

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Gutzkow buildup in Berlin in ärmlichen conditions. His father Karl August, a learned bricklayer, worked at prince Friedrich William Karl as a stable master. From 1821 to 1829 it visited the Friedrich Werdersche High School. To the summer semester 1829 Gutzkow at the university in Berlin in the subjects philology , theology and jurisprudence registered. He heard lectures among other things with Hegel and Schleiermacher. Later it changed to the University of Heidelberg and then to Munich. 1830 received Gutzkow for a work (De diis fatalibus) of the citizens of Berlin University of a price, which was personally presented to it by Hegel. The French July revolution directed its interest the questions and demands of its time too.


still as a student began Gutzkow 1831 with the publication of the magazine forum of the journal literature. End of the yearly it left Berlin and traveled to the literary critic Wolfgang Menzel to Stuttgart. it attained a doctorate to 1832 in Jena. Until 1834 he worked for Menzels magazine literature sheet and wrote for numerous other journals and newspapers. 1832 appeared its book of letters of a fool to a foolish woman, which was already forbidden in the October of the yearly in Prussia. At the end of of 1833 appeared its fantastic novel Maha guru : History of a God, a satire on the papacy, but at the same time a thought seal, which celebrates that trueful Göttliche in humans.

In this year it made also the acquaintance of Heinrich summerhouse, with which it worked in the next years often together. 1835 were Gutzkow in Frankfurt, where he published and nearly in the single-handed attempt wrote the magazine Phönix. From this time also exchange of letters with George Büchner dates. In the consequence Gutzkow ensured for the fact that Büchners could appear drama Dantons death and became so the first promoter of the young author.


in the summer 1835 appeared Gutzkows novel Wally the Zweiflerin, which was forbidden already shortly thereafter in Prussia. This prohibition released the action against the authors of the boy of Germany , whereby particularly Wolfgang Menzels - Gutzkows of former friend - heated an occurring up against the “Unmoral” of the book, the campaign. All writings Gutzkows, Wienbargs and leaves in Prussia were forbidden to end of 1835. Shortly thereafter this prohibition was expanded also since the writings Heinrich Heines and other one.

At the beginning of of 1836 was condemned Gutzkow because of “disparagement of the religion” to one month prison. In the summer of the yearly he married Amalie Klönne with which it in the consequence of three sons had. He became acquainted with and visited at the end of of 1837 in Berlin Bettina of Arnim a number of literary salons. Starting from 1838 it gave in Hamburg the telegraph for Germany at that among other things to Friedrich Engels , Friedrich Hebbel and George Herwegh cooperated out. 1839 were uraufgeführt Gutzkows first play smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Savage in Frankfurt.


1842 Gutzkow traveled for the first time to Paris, where he learned George sand to know among other things. It drew end of the yearly to Frankfurt. In the middle of 1843 its works were finally excluded from the censorship, on which it could work again legally under its name. 1845 appeared its Viennese of impressions - the result of a vienna journey. The book led to a prohibition of its works for Austria. 1846 it became Dramaturg at the theatre in Dresden, where it moved shortly thereafter with its family.

In March 1848 Gutzkow was during the beginning of the revolution in Berlin. As reaction to the events it published its flight writing speech there to the people. In the April of the yearly its wife died. 1849 it kandierte in Berlin for the second Prussian chamber. In the same year he married Bertha Meidinger with which it in the consequence of three daughters had. Starting from July 1850 parts appeared its first large novel the knights of the spirit in continuations in the Leipziger Germans general newspaper, to end of the yearly then the complete novel in book form.


a literary controversy began 1852-1878 with Gustav Freytag, which dragged on some time. The argument began with a tear Freytags of the knights of the spirit. 1855 should take itself revenge Gutzkow with a similarly harschen criticism of Freytags novel target and credit. Starting from September 1852 Gutzkow gave out the weekly newspaper to maintenances at the domestic stove (which he cared for until 1862). Starting from 1858 Gutzkows appeared second large novel of the Zauberer of Rome, the edition (altogether nine volumes) only 1861 was locked. it pulled 1861 after Weimar, where he became Secretary-General of the Schillerstiftung. 1865 tried to take the life to Gutzkow; afterwards it was committed to an institute with Bayreuth, from which it became to dismiss only end of the yearly again.

In the year 1867/68 Gutzkows novel high swan gau appeared, 1869 its piece the westphälische peace was uraufgeführt. End this yearly pulled it to Berlin. Starting from 1873 Gutzkow had to fight again with heavy psychological problems; repeated it came to accumulations of Paranoia. it pulled 1875 to Heidelberg. Starting from 1877 its novel appeared the new serum pion brothers. In this year it pulled after Frankfurt Saxonia living. In December 1878 Gutzkow died with a fire in its room. He was buried to 19. December on Frankfurt main cemetery.

In acknowledgment of its achievements after it the good-visited student club of the university for traffic “Friedrich cunning” was designated in Dresden.


  • of letters of a fool to a foolish woman, 1832
  • Maha guru, 1833
  • novellas, 1834
  • natural history of the German Kameele, 1835
  • Wally, the Zweiflerin, 1835
  • a Criminalerinnerung, 1837
  • the contemporaries, 1837
  • Seraphine, 1838
  • over price reductions in the book trade, 1838
  • smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Savage, 1839
  • the German translation factories, 1839
  • Blasedow and its sons, 1839
  • letters from Paris, 1842
  • Zopf and sword, 1844, piece of stage
  • the Urbild of the Tartüffe, 1844
  • Viennese of impressions, 1845
  • the self baptism, 1846
  • Imagina balance spring. 1849
  • the knights of the spirit, 1850
  • the Zauberer of Rome, 1858-1861
  • high swan gau; 1867/68
  • the westphälische peace, 1869
  • the prisoner of Metz, 1870
  • the sons Pestalozzis, 1870
  • reviews of my life, 1874
  • the new serum pion brothers, 1877

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