Karl smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Lepsius

Karl smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Lepsius (1810-1884)

Karl smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Lepsius (* 23. December 1810 in Naumburg to the Saale, † 10. July 1884 in Berlin) was a German Ägyptologe and language researcher.

Table of contents

family

Karl smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Lepsius became 1810 as a son of the Naumburger of land advice Carl Peter Lepsius (1775-1853) and his Mrs. Friederike (1778-1819), geb. Glasses (daughter of the composer Carl Ludwig trusting God of glasses), in Naumburg born. Itthat was 6. of altogether 9 children of its parents. Its grandfather Johann August Lepsius (1745-1801) was mayor of Naumburg.

Karl smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Lepsius married to 5. July 1846 Elizabeth small (1828-1899), the daughter of the composer Bernhard Klein. Six children becamethe married couple born, among them the geologist and rector of the technical university Darmstadt Professor. Dr. Smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Lepsius (1851-1915), the chemist and director of the chemical factory Griesheim Professor. Dr. Bernhard Lepsius (1854-1934), the Portraitmaler and member of the academy of the sciences Professor. Reinhold Lepsius (1857-1929) as well as that Evangelist theologian, Orientalist and human Johannes Lepsius (1858-1926).

life

Lepsius visited 1823 to 1829 the national school in Pforta and studied afterwards in Leipzig, Goettingen and Berlin philology and comparative linguistics. it attained a doctorate to 1833 with the work De taboo-reads Eugubinis. It turned in Paris briefly before from Jean Francois of the Champollion with its translation of the stone of Rosetta established customer of the Egyptian language. Lepsius brought already with its firstWriting Lettre à M. Rosellini sur l'alphabet hiéroglyphiques order into the writing system and justified the methodical study of the hieroglyphics and thus the Egyptian language.

It used a stay in Italy for occupation with the umbrischen and oskischen language,their remnants it in its book Inscriptiones Umbricae Oscae ( 1841) et represented. In the year after Lepsius was appointed as the extraordinary professor to the University of Berlin. In this characteristic he transferred the line from king of the Friedrich William IV.sent expeditionto Egypt (1842 - 1846), which could gather important historical and archaeological facts. Lepsius in its Hauptwerk of monuments from Egypt and Ethiopia placed the results (1849 - 1859, Bd. 1-3 together with Erg.bd.) together. The rich collections, which Lepsius along-brought, becamein the Egyptian museum in Berlin, established after its plans, accommodated.

1846 became Lepsius tidy professor and 1850 member of the Academy of Sciences. The transcription of strange writings suggested by him is also today often used still (standard alphabetfor reducing LANGUAGEs and unwritten foreign graphics of system ton of A uniformly orthography in European letters (1855, revised expenditure on English 1863 with data to 117 languages)).

In the spring 1866 Lepsius undertook a second journey to Egypt, over in particular geographical investigationsto accomplish in the delta Nile. Bei dieser Reise fand er in den Ruinen von Tanis eine dreisprachige Inschrift, die auf hieroglyphisch, demotisch und griechisch zu Ehren des Ptolemäus Euergetes (Ptolemäus III.) von den in Kanoposversammelten Priestern abgefaßt wordenwas (Kanopus decree). Also on the occasion of the opening of the Sueskanals Lepsius in the autumn was 1869 in Egypt.

1873 were appointed Lepsius the upper librarian of the royal library in Berlin; it kept the office up to its death to 10. July 1884.

Lepsius applies to the German-speaking countries as a founder of the scientific occupation with the Egyptian Altertümern and thus the subject Ägyptologie.

literature

  • German sex book, article Lepsius in the volumes 4 (1896), 5 (1897) and 10 (1903)
  • Bernhard Lepsius: The house Lepsius, Berlin 1933
  • Annette Dorgerloh: The artist married couple Lepsius - to citizens of Berlin the haven guessing painting around 1900, academy publishing house, Berlin 2003

works

  • two languagecomparative papers. 1. Over the arrangement and relationship Semiti, Indian one, Äthiopi, oldPersianand oldEgyptian alphabet. 2. Over the origin and the relationship of the number words in Indogermani, Semiti and the Kopti language. Berlin 1836
  • the dead book of the Egyptians after the hieroglyphischen papyrus in Turin, G. TIG and, Leipzig of 1842
  • monuments from Egyptand Ethiopia, Nicolai bookshop, Berlin, 1849, OD. the Belles Lettres, Geneve, 1972-1973. (12 volumes), on-line accessible under: http://edoc3.bibliothek.uni-halle.de/lepsius/start.html
  • over some results of the Egyptian monuments for know-eat the Ptolemäergschichte, Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1852.
  • Lepsius, R. et Bell, W., TheXXII egyptian royal dynasty with some remarks on XXVI and others dynasties OF the new ones kingdom, Trübner, London, 1858
  • over the Arab language sounds and their transcription together with some explanations over the hard “i” vocal in the tartarischen, slavischen andthe Romanian language. Berlin, academy of the Wiss., 1861
  • over Chinese and Tibetan sound conditions and over the transcription of those languages. Berlin, academy of the Wiss., 1861
  • over the first Egyptian God circle and its historical mythologische emergence, Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1851.


 

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