Karl von Fischer
Already early with art, above all the young went to architecture, familiarly, from Fischer starting from 1796 with Maximilian from providing ELT into the teachings. Later the student went three years to Vienna, where he perfected his artistic talents under the line of the director of the building school, Ferdinand of high mountain , and the theatre architect Joseph of burst.
Into this time the order Abbé Salaberts fell to establish in Munich a palace. Why the Abbé decided just for of Fischer, remains in the dark. Possibly this was already well-known the owner from Mannheim.
By the building of the palace Salabert it pulled views of higher circles of itself. Thus became it at the age of 25 years to 13. June 1808 those became a professor of architecture assigns. Carl von Fischer was a first professor of the specialist area architecture of the residents of Munich academy of the forming arts. Written certifications of its training activity are not received. Also over its working as a member of the building commission starting from 1809 hardly something is delivered.
For the Tragik of its life the circumstance of the death of the upper's building commissioner Schedel of seizing stone was characteristic 1810. Fischer kept „the buildings of first rank provisionally transferred for continuation “. When it applied however for the freed place, it was rejected to favour of a stranger , Emanuel Joseph of Hérigoyen. For its troubles furnished up to then it received only 250 guldens.
For the building of the Walhalla and the Glyptothek he submitted Crown Prince Ludwig plans, which partly flowed into later planning - so possible meadow the idea to build the Walhalla in shape of a dorischen Peripteros -, but not by Fischer be implemented could. But it became together with the landscape gardner Sckell of chief executives for the master planner the reorganization of Munich, which it could not lead however also to end. This very day the Propyläen works like an artificial conclusion axle begun and of a not completed. The Stiglmayrplatz, which should represent after Fischer's plans an artistic unit with the king and to the Karolinenplatz, finds as to pilot case today at best attention.
The buildings of private at the Karolinenplatz it still accomplished. It did not respect, like it the total composition of the max suburb planned, „urban spaces durchzogene of green areas, like it otherwise anywhere in the classicism was carried out “[Hederer, S. 59]. All buildings fell confusions of the Second World War to the victim or suffered heaviest destruction, so that they - despite protests of the population - were torn off in the years after the war.
Carl von Fischers the national socialists already tore the house off 1937, so that they could create place for „the honour temples “ the NSDAP. Same fate experienced the palace sword field, which accommodated the papal Nuntiatur to 1933. The Belvedere in the lock park conventional stone had to yield 1828 a building Leo of Klenzes.
Nearly entire building activity - 36 private and public buildings - Carl von Fischers disappeared. Only remainders of the front for the hospital before the Sendlinger gate, the national theatre and the prince Carl palace today still witness from the work strength of the large architect. Completely original-faithfully certainly even these buildings are not received. The national theatre burned 1823 down and by Leo of Klenze after the plans Carl von Fischers again was for example already established. A second time burned it out in the hail of bombs 1944 up to the foundation walls. The reconstruction worked outwardly identically, but interiorarchitecturally some changes were accomplished.
The reasons for its early death 1820 are not exactly delivered, but it was supposed a cancer of the lungs caused by Tuberkulose. It was long already ausgebootet of his contractors Klenze and gardners at this time. Perhaps, because it had refused itself “to the opening for the romantic historicism of the ludovizianischen era " [Buttlar, S. 5 and. 22].
“Long lived the city from the supply of its ideas. Almost one century remained being master planner in validity. Munich became an example klassizistischer urban architecture. The urban extension under max of Joseph I. and Ludwig I. owes to it their straight face. “[Hederer, S. 124]
Karl von Fischer found his last Ruhestätte in the old person south cemetery of Munich (grave 17-1-28). Even its grave monument fell the destruction of the Second World War to the victim. Today only an inconspicuous board on the edge of a spare gravestone reminds of it.
- Buttlar, Adrian of: Of Munich forgotten reform classicism, to 200. Birthday of the architect Carl von Fischer, in: Resident of Munich city indicator number 101 of 30. December 1982, S. 5 and. 22.
- Hederer, Oswald: Karl von Fischer, Leben and Werk, Munich 1960 (= new series of publications of city archives Munich, volume 12).
- Nerdinger, Winfried (Hg.): Carl von Fischer 1782-1820, Munich 1983.
- Springorum small, Ilse: Karl von Fischer 1782-1820, Munich 1982 (= new series of publications of city archives Munich, number 105).
|NAME||Fischer, Karl of|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Fischer, Carl of|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||German architect|
|DATE OF BIRTH||19. September 1782|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Mannheim|
|DYING DATE||11. February 1820|