Carlsbad resolutions

those Carlsbad resolutions were the result that Carlsbad conference of 6. to 31. August 1819. They had measures for the monitoring and fight of liberals and national efforts in the Germany 19. Century to the article.

Karl bath (Czech: Karlovy Vary) belonged at that time to Have-castle-reach. Those Carlsbad resolutions developed under the influence of the Austrian state State of at that time Metternich.

Cause for those Carlsbad resolutions was the fear, in particular Metternichs, to see the restaurativen political tendencies criticized the after napoleonischen time in the public. Trip and justification for those Carlsbad resolutionsthe murder of the writer and Russian Consul General was August von Kotzebue to 23. March 1819 by the student and Burschenschafter Karl Ludwig sand.

Those Carlsbad resolutions became to 20. September 1819 of the Bundestag in Frankfurt unanimously confirms, although it deeply into the rights thatMember states of the German federation intervened, and for the area of the German federation into force stepped. They had the following contents:

and consisted of the four laws:

  • Exekutionsordnung
  • university law
  • Press law (press law)
  • investigation law

it no obligation under Federal law for the member-national publication of the legal text gave, it there in some member states was not published and formally did not step into these not into validity, which z. B. in Kiel source of many legal problems was. Those Carlsbad resolutions did not only reach intothe rights of the member states, but also into the independent academic jurisdiction (with university-internal court, counsel, registrar and court usher as well as competence for room and city detention and Kriminalsachen), which had existed partial centuries.

A substantial quality of the resolutions consists of the fact that the reactionary State of liberaland and pursued the carriers of these ideas as Demagogen understood national ideas as incitement of the masses. This Demagogenverfolgung took place particularly intensively in Prussia . Concerned by pursuit and arrest e.g. were. Ernst Moritz Arndt, Friedrich Ludwig Jahn (turn father Jahn), Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben, Hans FerdinandMeasure man, Christian Sartorius, Karl Theodor Welcker and Friedrich God-dear Welcker, in addition, Uwe Jens Lornsen living in at that time Danish Schleswig-Holstein.

In the consequence of the Hambacher of celebration the Demagogenverfolgung was again renewed 1832. Only with the March revolution 1848 those becameCarlsbad resolutions again abolished.

see also

Kleinstaaterei, Burschenschaft, Mainzer central commission of inquiry, list of connectingstudent terms

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