Karlsruhe

of the titles of this article is ambiguous. For further meanings see Karlsruhe (term clarifying).
Coat of arms map
Wappen der Stadt Karlsruhe Lage der kreisfreien Stadt Karlsruhe in Deutschland
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Baden-Wuerttemberg
governmental district: Karlsruhe
region: Middle upper Rhine
circle: Urban area
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 49° 01 ' N, 08° 24 ' O
49° 01 ' N, 08° 24 ' O
height: 118 m and. NN
surface: 173.46 km ²
inhabitants: 284.686 (30. September. 2005)
(to the current numbers)
population density: 1641 inhabitants for each km ²
foreigner portion: 15.2%
postal zip codes: 76001-76229
(before times 7500)
preselections: 0721
Kfz characteristics: KA
municipality key: 08 2 12 000
UN/LOCODE: DE KAE
city arrangement: 27 quarters
address
of the city administration:
Market place
76133 Karlsruhe
official Website: www.karlsruhe.de
politics
mayor: Heinz Fenrich (CDU)

Karlsruhe is a circle-free city in Baden-Wuerttemberg, seat of the governmental district Karlsruhe, the region middle upper Rhine and the district Karlsruhe. Karlsruhe main and Residenzstadt of the country bathing is historical. The city is limited the east and the south in the north, by the district Karlsruhe and in the west by the Rhine, which forms the border here to Rhineland-Palatinate. Karlsruhe is to Stuttgart (about 65 km east) and Mannheim (about 60 km north) the third biggest city of the country Baden-Wuerttemberg and has a surface of approximately 173 km ². Since 1950 Karlsruhe is seat of the Federal High Court and since 1951 of the Federal Constitutional Court, why the city carries the surname residence of the right.

Table of contents

Geografie

center „of the fan “is the lock.

Karlsruhe is located in the lowlandses of the Upper Rhine at the small rivers Alb and Pfinz as well as at the Rhine and borders in the east to the last Ausläufer of the black forest and the Kraichgaus.

The city lies in the compression chamber Karlsruhe/Pforzheim, to that the city Karlsruhe, some municipalities of the district Karlsruhe (above all the large district towns Bruchsal, Ettlingen, Stutensee and Rheinstetten) as well as the city Pforzheim, the northwest part of the Enzkreises, the city Mühlacker and the municipality Niefern Öschelbronn in the northeast Enzkreis belong.

The Alb, local recreation in the city

within the region middle upper Rhine forms an upper center for Karlsruhe, by which for completely Baden-Wuerttemberg after the land development plan 2002 altogether 14 is proven. The upper center Karlsruhe takes over also for the municipalities Dettenheim, Eggenstein Leopoldshafen, ditch new village, Linkenheim Hochstetten, Pfinztal, Rheinstetten, Stutensee, rolling brook valley and wine garden (bathe) the function of a central range. Beyond that there are also entwinements with municipalities in the southeast Rhineland-Palatinate and in the north Elsass in the region Pamina (Pa latinat, Mi ttlerer upper Rhine and N ord A lsace).

climate

climatic diagram for Karlsruhe (average 1971-2000)

Karlsruhe is with an annual average temperature of 10,7 °C one of the warmest cities of Germany. The protected situation in the upper Rhine ditch has the consequence that in Karlsruhe in the summer often an oppressive sultriness prevails. The winter in Karlsruhe is mild; the temperature falls only rarely under the zero point. In the means of many years Karlsruhe has only 17.1 ice days per year.

neighbour municipalities

following cities and municipalities border on the city Karlsruhe. They are called in the clockwise direction beginning in the north:

Eggenstein Leopoldshafen, Stutensee, wine garden (bathe), Pfinztal, Karl bath, Waldbronn, Ettlingen and Rheinstetten (all district Karlsruhe) as well as Hagenbach and Wörth on the Rhine (both district Germersheim in Rhineland-Palatinate)

city arrangement

the city of Karlsruhe is divided into 27 quarters, which continued to divide into boroughs (in former times partially also called urban districts).

See also: List of the quarters of Karlsruhe.

history

Karlsruher Stadtansicht, Kupferstich von Heinrich Schwarz 1721
Karlsruher city opinion, copper pass of Heinrich black 1721
Karlsruhe um 1900
Karlsruhe around 1900
Die Pyramide auf dem Marktplatz, das Grabmal des Stadtgründers Karl Wilhelm
the pyramid on the market place, the tomb of the city founder Karl William
Die Stadtkirche Karlsruhe wurde von Friedrich Weinbrenner in Anlehnung an griechische Tempel gebaut.
the town church Karlsruhe was built by Friedrich wine burner following Greek temples.

After the legend is to have fallen asleep Mark count Karl William of bath finalURL oh once with a hunt from ride in the Hardtwald with Durlach. He dreamed the roads of the city about a splendourful lock, which lay in the center of its new residence, as it were the sunbeams. Karl William let himself be sketched its dream city at the drawing board (see also: Plan city) and created the city Karlsruhe designated after that history to 17. June 1715 with the Grundsteinlegung of the Karlsruher of lock. One can recognize the sunbeams this very day well on the road maps: The lock lies in the center of a circle, from which from fan-like roads into the city after the south and avenues by the Hardtwald northward run. Karlsruhe owes its pointed name to this circumstance „fan city “. Starting from 1717 Karlsruhe was first residence of the Mark counts von Baden-Durlach and the Mark county bathing - Durlach, starting from 1771 of the united Mark counties bath finalURL oh and Baden-Baden and 1806 to the residence of the Grand Dukes of Baden.

1825 took place the establishment of the polytechnic institute as germ cell of the today's University of Karlsruhe via Grand Duke Ludwig I. 1846 developed for the first Freiwilligen fire-brigades in the local part Durlach beside Heidelberg one. In the course of the March revolution Grand Duke Leopold fled in May 1849 after Koblenz. Up to striking down the insurgent one in restcorroded by Prussian troops in July was bathing in fact a republic. To 4. November 1876 was uraufgeführt the first symphony (C-Moll, Opus 68) by Johannes Brahms in the city. To 21. January 1877 drove the first streetcar pulled by horses into Karlsruhe.

In the course of the time numerous former neighbour municipalities were integrated in in common December or. The increasing number of inhabitants exceeded 1901 the border of 100.000, whereby Karlsruhe became the large city. The municipality Neureut could become despite violent resistance of the there inhabitants in in common December. The high court of state had to decide in this thing. In some sources (Websites) of an obligatory integration one speaks.

After the revolution 1918 was Karlsruhe up to the end of the Second World War capital of the Free State bathing. Karlsruhe was seat of the national commissioner district Karlsruhe. During the Second World War the conquered Elsass was combined with bathing to gau the upper Rhine, whose capital became Karlsruhe. In the Wagner Bürckel action the Karlsruher Jew with those entire gau into the camp of the Gurs was kidnapped. After the war Karlsruhe the Land of the Federal Republic Württemberg bathing was slammed shut, since the creation of the Land of the Federal Republic Baden-Wuerttemberg 1952 belongs to Karlsruhe this.

In the Federal Republic of Germany Karlsruhe became the city of the right: 1950 took up the Federal High Court its work here. To 28. September 1951 followed the Federal Constitutional Court. First president became the FDP - a politician Hermann Höpker Aschoff. From 1952 to 1972 Karlsruhe seat of the governmental district north bathing was, since that 1. January 1973 is it seat of the governmental district Karlsruhe.

1967 took place the Bundesgartenschau in Karlsruhe and thus for the first time in Baden-Wuerttemberg.

To 7. April 1977 was murdered Chief Federal Prosecutor Siegfried Buback on the way to work together with its driver and a law officer by terrorists of the Red Army Faction.

To 12. and 13. January 1980 was created in the congress center the Federal Party the Greens.

Of Germany first genuine enamels 2 became to. August 1984 in the computing centre of the Karlsruher university receive and sent: The Karlsruher Internet pioneer Werner anger answered the official welcome greeting of the US-American CSNet, to a manufacturer-spreading platform for electronic communication of scientists.

Of 20. up to 30. July 1989 the third alternative World Games took place , that is an international match for sportsmen and athletes in Karlsruhe, whose kinds of sport are not represented in the olympic program. 1965 sportsmen in 19 disciplines participated.

To 13. June 1995 was created those bathing air haven GmbH. This removed a former Canadian air base in Söllingen to a supraregional airport and attached Karlsruhe in such a way to the international air route network.

2003 were opened in the neighbouring Rheinstettener local part Forchheim the fair Karlsruhe.

to inhabitant development

for detailed numbers of inhabitants see the article Karlsruher historical tables

1901 exceeded the number of inhabitants of the city Karlsruhe the border of 100.000, whereby it became the large city. Until 1950 this number doubled itself on approximately 200.000. In the year 1971 the total population of the city with 288.000 - after today's area conditions - achieved its historical highest level. After a loss of approximately 30,000 inhabitants the total population with main domicile rose in Karlsruhe of 260.000 in the year 1987 up to 284.686 at the end of of September 2005 and achieved thereby nearly the historical record of 1971.

The inhabitant development is for a long time coined/shaped by birth deficits of the German inhabitants. Although Karlsruhe had to register continuous migration losses in the surrounding cities and municipalities, in the last years also migration gains were obtained by foreign and German citizens. The most important countries of origin of the 38,941 foreign inhabitants are according to data of the city administration (conditions 31. December 2004): Turkey (6.388), Italy (4.673), Serbia and Montenegro (2.507), Croatia (2.465), France (1.424), Poland (1.353), Spain (1.057), Bosnia and Herzegowina (1.032) as well as Greece (873).

religions

1556 to the Mark county bath finalURL oh the lutherische reformation was introduced. Since Karlsruhe belonged to the Mark count von Baden-Durlach, the city was when their establishment a Protestant city. In order to lure inhabitants into the new city, created Karl William of bath finalURL oh a list of incentives. Apart from financial advantages the new citizens also freedom of religion was granted, so that already soon the first catholics tightened. Karl Friedrich of bath finalURL oh inherited 1771 the possessions of the extinct line Baden-Baden, which had remained catholic, and demanded farsightedly the same religious tolerance as Stadtgründer Karl William. Beginning 19. Century received the Roman-catholic Christians in the city their own church, the church pc. Stephan, geweiht 1814. Today the portion of the catholics and the Protestanten of the total population might be about alike.

Evangelist church

the Evangelist municipality members, if they are not member of an Evangelist free church, to the church district Karlsruhe and Durlach (with exception of the quarter Neureut, which belongs to the church district Karlsruhe country, which has its seat in Bruchsal) belong within the parish district north bathing of the Evangelist regional church in bathing, which has its seat in Karlsruhe, so that also the national bishop resides here.

catholic church

the Roman-catholic municipality members belong to the Stadtdekanat Karlsruhe within the region of middle Oberrhein Pforzheim of the Erzdiözese Freiburg. The catholic day 1992 found a new city in Karlsruhe under the slogan „develops “ instead of. After fairs more traditionally and Taizé - Liturgie are celebrated.

there are free churches and further groupings with

Christian purchase in Karlsruhe also numerous free-church municipalities, under it the oldcatholic municipality „Christi Auferstehung “, the Christian association of young humans (short CVJM), the Apostoli community, the welfare army, a Adventgemeinde, an Evangelist Täufergemeinde in Durlach, two brother municipalities, a Evangelist-freechurch municipality (Baptisten), a free one Evangelist municipality, two Evangelist methodistische churches, an Evangelical-Lutheran municipality and a Mennonitengemeinde. From the numerous charismatischen and Pfingstgemeinden are in the federation of freechurch Pfingstgemeinden: Gospelhouse Karlsruhe, meeting place life, free Christian municipality, and AGAPE people mission Durlach; in the Mülheimer federation of freechurch-Evangelist municipalities: Johannes municipality and house churches - network; in the network forum life: Christian center Karlsruhe (CZK), Nehemia initiative and Fabrik88; further there is the free pfingstkirchliche mission work Karlsruhe, the town center municipality, icf to Karlsruhe and a municipality of God. In addition are most different fremdsprachige groups, as for example a Latin American evangelikale group, Anglikanisch Episkopali and two orthodox municipalities: an Greek-orthodox and an Romanian-orthodox.

At more special groupings with Christian purchase it gives and. A. the church Jesu Christi of the holy ones of the last days (Mormonen), the Christian Science, the Christian community, several municipalities of the Neuapostoli church and the witnesses Jehovas, one „Urchristliche municipality “.

Judentum

Karlsruhe is also seat Israeli tables of the religious community of bathing, a synagog, several Jewish cemeteries and a Chabad - Rabbiners. Before the Wagner Bürckel action 1940 a large Jewish municipality in Karlsruhe lived.

in addition

numerous Muslims, it live Islam give in the city about seven mosques and a German-language Muslim circle in Karlsruhe.

Buddhismus and other

beside it exist a Baha'i - municipality, centers for Kadampa -, for diamond way -, for Vipassana -, and for Zen - to Buddhismus, a group of cities of the rose cruisers and three freebricklayer-lied, as well as a group of cities of Eckankar.

townscape and objects of interest

Der „Karlsruher Fächer“ aus der Luft.
„of the Karlsruher fan “from air.

As to relatively young city Karlsruhe the medieval Gäs many other German large cities is missing. The city center was planned put on during the town foundation 1715 . In the center the tower of the Karlsruher of lock in the palace garden is located. The latter has the form of a circle and becomes from a road, to which „circle borders “. Historically further buildings could be established only starting from this border. For the land development strict guidelines were given to make in particular, what concerned the overall height, in order the general impression of the city more uniform. The buildings close at the lock are from more recent time and belong on the eastern side to the university, on the western side to the Federal Constitutional Court. Outside of the circle 32 roads run away directly from the lock tower like the jets of the sun embodied by the lock. Already the Erstbebauung concentrated on the south side of the lock, so that the city center resembles the sun less one to the south geöffeten fan. In the lock today the federal state museum of Baden is accommodated.

The klassizistische architect Friedrich wine burner coined/shaped 19 in the first half . Century the townscape. This very day one can regain many of its works in the city center of Karlsruhe. The market place with Evangelist town church (1807-15) and city hall (1821-25) to to „via triumphalis “developed north south axle center ranks among the most salient klassizistischen place plants in Europe (after war destruction starting from 1950 reconstructs large).

1928 were written out by the city Karlsruhe a competition for the land development of the city-own southern part dawning stick - area in Rüppurr to cultivate with the default, the building ground to center of the yearly 1929. The draft received the first price from walter Gropius, which had given the line up of the building house briefly before. The plan planned a land development in construction of rows of buildings way, in order to be able to use the daylight for all inhabitants directly well. Due to the world economic crisis 1929 however only the first section with 228 dwellings was finished. The settlement is nevertheless one of the most important certifications for the art „of new building “in Germany.

After the Second World War first many building gaps with concrete functional structures were filled up. The spirit of the time accordingly into the 1970er years most of the small little houses „of the Dörfle “, 1812 eingemeindeten small Karlsruhe, torn and by wide buildings of concrete replaced. The war road in Karlsruhe was removed to the multitrack motorway by the city centre, the emperor route against it into that1980er years piece by piece to the pedestrian precinct explains. Into the 1990er years was coined/shaped the urban design by the use of breaking and conversion surfaces. City centernear new populated areas could be created, like the southeast city on the surface of the former goods station and the north city on the area of the former American settlement. In the southwest city on the area of former armament makers among other things a large cinema complex, the new building of the labour office, the Federal Prosecutor's Office and in armament makers the ZKM (center for art and medium technology) were accommodated. With opening of a large, considered shopping centre at the Ettlinger gate in the autumn 2005 up to then almost exclusively the purchase area concentrated on the emperor route was extended to the south.

a detailed list of the objects of interest of Karlsruhe is in the article objects of interest in Karlsruhe.

politics

(upper) mayor

after establishment of the lock 1715 developed close thereby also a settlement in which starting from 1718 a mayor was used. Starting from 1812 the mayors received the title mayor. Acting mayor is since 1998 Heinz Fenrich.

See also: List of the former (upper) mayors.

local council

Rathaus West Karlsruhe
city hall west Karlsruhe

the local council of Karlsruhe sits down since the last choice to 13. June 2004 together as follows:

A party per cent of seats
CDU 37.2 19
SPD the 23.8 12
Greens 16.6 8
FDP departure 9.6 4
KAL 7.1 3
le approx. ödp 3.0 1
Party of Democratic Socialism 2.6 1
entire 48

coats of arms

the coat of arms of the city Karlsruhe shows one in red on both sides silver set in golden diagonal bar, on which the word stands “FIDELITAS” in black latin capital letter. The city flag is red yellow-red.

The Nancy well at the zoo

the coat of arms is a reversal state coat of arms of Baden, which shows yellow sign with a red diagonal bar. Stadtgründer the coat of arms had suggested Mark count Karl William of bathing in such a way and had recommended to take up the Wahlspruch on the day of the town foundation of the donated house medal “Fidelitas” (loyalty). But this Wahlspruch was only used starting from 1733 in the seal of the city. The colour suggested by the Mark count is only since 1887 the used, before used one the colour of the state coat of arms.


a partnership between cities maintains partnerships between cities Karlsruhe with the following cities:

Nancy, France, since 1955
Nottingham, united kingdom, since 1969
resound (Saale), to Saxonia-Anhalt, since 1987
Timişoara, Banat, Romania, since 1992
Krasnodar, Russian federation, since 1992

are economics and

Die von Weinbrenner gestaltete Staatliche Münze Karlsruhe
infrastructure the national coin Karlsruhe arranged by

wine burner in Karlsruhe the national coin Karlsruhe, one of the five national Münzprägestätten, in which the German euro coins are coined/shaped. Coins, which are coined/shaped in Karlsruhe, carry the origin letter “G”. The Karlsruher coin was already created 1827.

traffic

freeways

by the eastern city leads A 5 as North-South axis to Frankfurt and to Basel. Furthermore Karlsruhe is eastward tied up by A 8 toward Stuttgart and Munich, which begin here as branch of A 5. On the other side of the Rhine A 65 towards the north to Ludwigshafen and French A 35 direction southwest to Strasbourg ( with branch to Paris ) and Basel runs.

Several federal highways cross the city, under it B 3, which runs from Heidelberg to Freiburg, B 10 from Landau to Stuttgart and B 36 from Mannheim to Lahr. Is important besides the south tangent, which begins at A 5 as simple circle road, B 10 and beyond the Rhine A 65 becomes later.

railway

Karlsruhe is also an important course junction. It is on the one hand because of the Rhine Valley course from Mannheim to Basel, one of the busiest railroad lines of Germany. On the other hand distances lead to Stuttgart and new city. Regional railroad lines are served predominantly in Karlsruhe by the metropolitan railway (see to section „ÖPNV “).

For the further future of Karlsruhe than railway knots the development of different international course projects is crucial. Thus momentarily the Rhine Valley distance to Basel is vierspurig removed as northern main feeders of the future God hard basis tunnel. The moreover Karlsruhe is because of the south branch of the “Magistrale for Europe “from Paris to Bratislava, which is to be developed in the next years to a railway high-speed distance.

Fußgängerzone
Pedestrian precinct

ÖPNV

the public local passenger traffic in Karlsruhe is very well developed. The city center can be reached from the very most quarters with one of the seven strassenbahnlinien, in the peripheral areas the offer with penalties is rounded off. Into the surrounding countryside lead three metropolitan railway lines, eight further two-system metropolitan railway lines change across connecting distances on the railway system of the German course (railways) and drive there than railway far into the region (see metropolitan railway Karlsruhe). By this “Tram Trains “invented here the passenger numbers in the rail suburban traffic in the region Karlsruhe rose enormously, which aroused on the one hand the interest of other transporting enterprises in the” Karlsruher model “, on the other hand however to capacity bottlenecks in the city center led in the last years. Thus for example the passenger numbers at the distance Karlsruhe Bretten rose after start-up of the metropolitan railway around 560%. The city intended to ease the situation by a metropolitan railway tunnel under the emperor route and could bring in the second approach the majority of the population to 2002 for it behind itself. The project is however hot discussed in the city still. The streetcar and Buslinien in the city as well as the metropolitan railway line S 2 are operated by the transporting enterprises Karlsruhe (VBK). Most metropolitan railway lines in the surrounding countryside drive for the Albtal traffic society (AVG). S 3 after Speyer by the railways Regio is operated.

All public means of transport can be used for uniform tariffs of the Karlsruher of traffic group (KVV).

In addition from routistic view are worth mentioning the palace garden course Karlsruhe, which drives on a round course in the lock park in the summer half-year at sunning and holidays, and which tower mountain railway at the Durlacher tower mountain, with which one can erklimmen one of the most beautiful prospect places of Karlsruhe.

bicycle

the conditions for wheel driving are optimal in the flat Karlsruhe with its broad, straight roads. Thus it does not surprise that it was with Karl Drais a Karlsruher, which invented the forerunner of the today's bicycle with its impeller. The cycle track net in Karlsruhe is tidy, but (still) not protruding, even if it is increasingly developed lately. The Ausschilderung as well as the bicycle keeping at the main station are improvement worthy.

navigation

Der Rheinhafen vom Weltraum aus gesehen
the Rhine harbour seen from space
with the Rhine harbour Karlsruhe has the city to Mannheim one of the most important inland ports of Baden-Wuerttemberg and fifth-largest Germany and over the Rhine the southernmost channel-free entrance to the North Sea. The envelope amounted to 2004 6.7 million tons.

The Federal Institution for hydraulic engineering (BAW) has its head office in Karlsruhe.

air traffic

Karlsruhe lies traffic-favorably between equivalent three international airports: The airport Frankfurt in about 135 kilometers distance, the airport Stuttgart (about 80 km) and the airport Strasbourg (about 85 km). Since at the end of of 1996 Karlsruhe with also airport Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden in Rhine cathedrals, the called bathing air haven , has - Söllingen/hill home (about 45 km) however also a “own” supraregional airport. In particular since Ryanair in the year 2003 its admitting heating degree and the passenger numbers furnished, rose the first line flights rapidly. 2004 were already the bathing air haven the second largest airport in Baden-Wuerttemberg. The accessibility of the airport with public means of transport leaves to be desired however straight on weekend.

The “Karlsruher” airfield in the neighbouring Rheinstettener local part Forchheim (approx. 8km south of KA) was used up to the building of the fair Karlsruhe as traffic landing strip. Since at the beginning of of 2003 the airfield has however only a permission as Segelfluggelände. The business and tourism air traffic were shifted to the airport Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden. Over a further expansion of the fair and/or. the use of the surfaces of the former traffic landing strip as trade area in the way to stand, the flight haven area was not shifted: To 25. September 2004 was opened the new “Segelfluggelände Rheinstetten” (http://www.lsg-rheinstetten.de), to about 500 m east the past airfield.

Karlsruhe is seat of a prestation as well as a control center of the German air traffic control (DFS).

local resident one enterprise

brewery Moninger

Karlsruhe is with the Drogeriediscounter DM drugstore market, the power supplier EnBW (energy Baden-Wuerttemberg), the furniture store man Mobilia, the fire-brigade leader manufacturer Metz and the largest German refinery, the MiRO, seat of well-known enterprises from different industries. Global Player like the Pharmakonzern Pfizer, the Kosmetikhersteller L'Oreal and the tire manufacturer Michelin have here their Germany addresses.

An emphasis is however on the computer industry. Like that the two Internetdienstleister and United Internet are here settled - daughters Web.de and throat + partners. Further enterprises are among other things the COMLINE Computer+Softwarelösungen AG, the FIDUCIA IT AG (computing centre of the people and Raiffeisen banks), the MAP & GUIDE GmbH (route planner) and the YellowMap AG (on-line industry catalog and FilialFinder).

Likewise strongly financing is represented. In Karlsruhe at home the L-bank ( state credit bank Baden-Wuerttemberg) is, the national building society Baden-Wuerttemberg, the BBBank EEC (ehem. Official bank of Baden), the municipality association of underwriters of Baden, the general insurance of Baden AG, the Karlsruher insurance as well as the address of the alliance life insurance AG.

In Karlsruhe also much beer is brewed. The largest breweries are Hoepfner, Moninger and wolf. Between Hoepfner and wolf recently a co-operation contract was closed. In addition come one of the oldest house breweries into Germany (bird-brew) and altogether five further house breweries.

In addition physics instruments (world market leaders of ultrapräzisen Positioniersystemen) and the S&G automobile AG, one of the largest and oldest autohouses for the mark with the star are worth mentioning.

Since 22. November 1996 is Karlsruhe also seat of the letter center 76 of the German post office AG.

trade centers

come out from one of the largest and oldest locations the Siemens AG 1997 the Siemens industrial estate Karlsruhe was created. The surface offer addresses itself in particular to enterprises of the Hightech and service industry. In the Karlsruher east city technology factory in a former sewing machine factory as well as the again established technology park exist the founder center.

fairground

Messe Karlsruhe
fair Karlsruhe

south of Karlsruhe, in Rheinstetten, directly to the B36, opened the Karlsruher measurement and congress GmbH their new fairground in November 2003 - the fair Karlsruhe. In DM - arena beside the three standard halls meetings with up to 14.000 visitors can take place. The gross exhibition surface amounts to approx. 52000m ². Winner of the architectural competition was the Dortmunder architect's office Gerber architect around Professor. Hitting a corner hard Gerber. The noise protection remained unsatisfactory with concert meetings.[1]

media

radio: In the war road is the Studio Karlsruhe of the southwest broadcast (SWR). The regional program bathing radio is radiated from here with SWR4 Baden-Wuerttemberg. Besides is in the Kriegsstr. 130 the Karlsruhe Studio of the Radiosenders radio RPR (Rhineland-Palatinian broadcast), which is editorialally for the northof Baden and südpfälzer area responsible. As a private local offerer Hit1 sends - the reporter radio, which got the license from the national institute for communication (LFK) still as hit radio RTL. But RTL in the middle of withdrew itself 2003. Before it the frequency the successful transmitter had the wave. Apart from the commercial and public stations there is still another free radio, which TRANSVERSE RADIO, which in the afternoon, into which and on weekend its program sends evening hours. In the morning and in the early evening hours the radio from Bruchsal as well as the learning radio of the national university for music Karlsruhe alternate on the frequencies of the TRANSVERSE RADIO.

TV: Likewise in the war road is a TV studio of the SWR, e.g. for circuits in the news of the day over decisions of the local highest courts. In Karlsruhe there are also still the private television stations German Federal Armed Forces Family.tv (since February 2006) and R.TV - the regional (since September 2003), before it existed some years up to the insolvency the regional private station B.TV bathing.

Newspaper: As daily paper the newest one of Baden message (BNN) appears, a newspaper with several expenditures for restaurant in the area centralof Baden in Karlsruhe. The moreover there are some free weekly papers: The BNN publishes also the Sunday newspaper Sunday and is involved in the Karlsruher courier, to who the city newspaper is attached, the Official Journal of the city Karlsruhe, which is attainable on-line also over the starting side of the city. In addition on Wednesdays the “weekly paper” distributed in the city and region in altogether four different expenditures, Sundays appears boulevard bathing. Since the BNN had long time no on-line offer, independently the only on-line appearing “daily paper” could be established ka-news .de of these. This appears since the year 2000 and is thereby one of the first, regional on-line daily papers in Germany at all. Beside local messages there are there also the cinema program, a meeting calendar as well as several Webcams.

Of the non-profit association city youth committee registered association. claimant “Internet Café” for children and young person info. LINE at the crown place 1 maintains the Karlsruher child city plan in the Internet “ran to net”. Further medium mechanisms city youth committee of the registered association. the Jubez Medienwerkstatt as well as the “ computer school are + medium workshop JAZ”.

Karlsruhe is also one of the two locations of the national medium center Baden-Wuerttemberg, that the Ministry for Kultus, youth and sport Baden-Wuerttemberg is subordinate (the other location is Stuttgart).

education and research

University of, physics multistoried building behind the low rise building physics
building 1 of the educational university Karlsruhe
Staatliche Akademie der Bildenden Künste
national academy of the forming arts
  • University of Karlsruhe (technical university); based 1825 as technical university (oldest TH Germany)
  • university Karlsruhe - technology and economics; based 1878 as “building trade school grossherzoglich of Baden”, later “state technical school”, starting from 1971 professional school and since 2005 university Karlsruhe.
  • Educational university Karlsruhe; based 1958/1962 from the earlier teacher educational establishment (1942-1952) and/or. University for teacher formation (1936-1942), which already decreases/goes back to 1768 the created school seminar in Karlsruhe. University statute since 1965 and since 1971 scientific university
  • national academy of the forming arts Karlsruhe; based 1854 as a “painter academy” by the prince regent, later Grand Duke Friedrich I. and 1869 by a college of arts and crafts extend. Under the name “national art school of Baden” took place 1926 the union of both schools. After substantial destruction during 2. World war began instruction again at the beginning of the winter semester 1947/48.
  • National university for organization Karlsruhe (HfG); based to 15. April 1992, together with the center for art and medium technology (ZKM), that starting from 1989 developed
  • national university for music Karlsruhe; the university decreases/goes back to the 1812 created institute for singing. 1837 took place the establishment of a music educational establishment, which 1910 were combined with the urban conservatoire. From this developed 1920 the university of Baden for music, which took over since that time as “national university for music” leads the country Baden-Wuerttemberg 1971 and.
  • ANKA synchrotron radiation research lab
  • vocational academy for economics and technology Karlsruhe; based 1979
  • institute for Fraunhofer for information and data processing (IITB)
  • institute for Fraunhofer for system and innovation research (ISI)
  • federal research institute for nutrition and food
  • research center computer science (FZI)
  • research center Karlsruhe (FZK); the research center Karlsruhe with Eggenstein Leopoldshafen is one the largest nature and engineer-scientific research establishments in Europe and from the Federal Republic of Germany and the country Baden-Wuerttemberg is together carried. Former nuclear research center. There still relatively large quantities of radioactive waste are stored.
  • Command and staff academy of the country Baden-Wuerttemberg in the Sweden palace
  • national one agricultural one investigation and research institute August mountain
  • institute for max active/Elsa active donation (MRI); since 1996 in Karlsruhe resident
  • chemical and office for veterinarian investigation Karlsruhe; Investigations in the context of the official food monitoring and the animal you diagnostics in Baden-Wuerttemberg
  • educational specialized seminar Karlsruhe
  • national seminar for didactics and teacher formation (vocational schools) Karlsruhe
  • national seminar for didactics and teacher formation (High Schools) Karlsruhe
  • national seminar for didactics and teacher formation (six-form high schools) Karlsruhe

courts

with the Federal Constitutional Court and the Federal High Court is Karlsruhe seat of the two most important German courts. Worth mentioning also the seat of the Chief Federal Prosecutor is in Karlsruhe, in former times on the area of the Federal High Court, since 1999 in its own building. In addition there is in the tidy jurisdiction still another higher regional court (with chief public prosecutor's office) as well as a land and two district courts (Karlsruhe and Karl-rest-E major-laugh). Furthermore sit four external senates revenue court Baden-Wuerttemberg and an Administrative Court in Karlsruhe, in addition also a labor court and a social court. The German Federal Armed Forces maintain some chambers of the troop service court south , which has its head office in Ulm in Karlsruhe.

The concentration of the Judikative is with good reason taken up in advertising slogans such as residence of the right or culture capital 2010 - .

authorities

general national archives Karlsruhe

Karlsruhe is seat of the institute for supplying of the federation and the countries and different Land authorities, like the regional finance office Karlsruhe (with the two tax offices in the city Karlsruhe city and Karl-rest-E major-laugh) and the audit office Baden-Wuerttemberg. Also the municipality association of underwriters of Baden, the municipality test institute, the national welfare organisation bathing and the local supplying federation Baden-Wuerttemberg, agencies of the ministry of the Interior, have here their seat carrier. Further a forest management exists in the city. Also the German old age pension insurance (before times: National insurance office) Baden-Wuerttemberg and the Department of the Environment Baden-Wuerttemberg being subordinate national institute for environment, measurements and nature protection Baden-Wuerttemberg (LUBW) have its seat in Karlsruhe. Furthermore there is an agency for work.

In addition a Federal Border Police inspection exists for the protection of the Federal Constitutional Court in Karlsruhe.

As seat of the governmental district Karlsruhe, and the district Karlsruhe ( that the city not belonged), the city also their administrations accommodates regional association middle upper Rhine. General national archives, which are responsible for the area of the governmental district and which accommodates existence of the old country bathing, sits likewise in Karlsruhe.

Karlsruhe is seat of the regional office of middle Oberrhein Pforzheim of the ore diocese Freiburg, to which the Dekanate Philipps castle, Bruchsal, Bretten, Karlsruhe, Pforzheim, Ettlingen, Murgtal and Baden-Baden belongs. On the Evangelist range Karlsruhe is seat of the Evangelist regional church in bathing, whatever in the city a Dekanat for the church district “Karlsruhe and Durlach” maintains. The Dekanat for the church district Karlsruhe country is however in Bruchsal.

Internet

Karlsruhe played and does an important role with the development of the Internets in Germany it until today. Thus at the University of Karlsruhe 1984 of Germany were received first enamels and administered from 1994 to 1998 all German Domains.

A Karlsruher company operates of Europe largest computing centre, approx. 40% of all German web pages are administered in Karlsruhe. In the surrounding field of the university approximately 2,500 Internet and telecommunications companies developed, so that Karlsruhe was selected 2003 to the “Internet capital of Germany”.

culture

of culture prices

  • Bambi. The medium price was brought 1948 by the Karlsruher publisher Karl Fritz into being and lent in the years 1948-1964 and 1998 in Karlsruhe.
  • Hermann Hessian price, since [work on

the Karlsruher

dialect is lent to 1956 in the last three centuries a mixture from the dialects of the surrounding subpopulations, developed. By the south alemannische influences are noticeable, by the north and the west Frankish and in the east are not very far the Swabian areas, which have however a smaller influence on the dialect.
Linguistically Karlsruherisch belongs to the southRhine-Frankish dialects, colloquially the dialect as of Baden or “Brigantendeutsch “is generally designated.

theatre

chamber theatre
  • national theatre of Baden Karlsruhe (opera, play, ballet)
  • island theatre (since 1997 play place of the national theatre, before independently)
  • Jakob US theatre (gegr.1972)
  • chamber theatre (boulevard stage, gegr. 1956)
  • Theatre “the Käuze” (cellar theatre gegr. 1967)
  • Sand grain theatre (gegr. 1956)
  • Theatre in the organ factory registered association. (gegr. 1987)
  • Theatre “the trace” (gegr. 1961)
  • Figure theatre “marotte” (gegr. 1987)
  • Bluemix child and youth theatre registered association. (gegr. 1994; 2004 closed after regrouping of the urban subsidy)
  • “d'Badisch Bühn” (dialect theatre with restaurant operator/barkeeper shank, gegr. 1982)
  • University theatre Karlsruhe

orchestra and choirs

meeting centers

Die Günther-Klotz-Anlage ist ein Ort der Erholung
the Günther block plant is claimant a place
  • of the recovery fair Karlsruhe with DM arena in Rheinstetten -
  • Forchheim mad house - cultural center with large program in
  • the east city temple - cultural center in
  • Mühlburg JuBeZ cultural center - by the city youth committee registered association.
  • Culture ruin registered association. - Meeting center of the black scene
  • cultural center Gotec
  • Substage - live music club at the Ettlinger gate
  • congress center - meeting center at the Festplatz (town hall, Black Forest-resounds, concert hall and garden-resounds)
  • AKK - Café and place of event Z10 claimant by students and
  • students - student organized culture and communication center
  • Europeanresounds - is one multi-function-resounds for various Sportveranstaltungen and concerts. It stands at the edge the Günther block - plant, in which for more than 20 years the largest open air of South Germany takes place at free entrance: The celebration of the city youth committee registered association.
  • Citizen center southern part of the town (south work) - small multipurpose hall in ehem. Cafeteria of the repair work, by some associations carried, them regularly [
work on] museums

Der "blaue Strahl" zwischen Schloss und Majolika
the “blue jet” use between lock and Majolika

to the most well-known museums belong

  • to center for art and medium technology (ZKM)
  • museum for new art
  • urban gallery
  • national arts center Karlsruhe
  • federal state museum of Baden in the lock Karlsruhe
  • museum with the market
  • art association of Baden
  • museum for literature on the upper Rhine
  • city museum
  • memory place condition house
  • national museum for natural history
  • Majolika - Manufaktur (only Keramikmanufaktur Germany, gegr. 1901)
  • Right-historical museum

further buildings and museums are specified in the article objects of interest in Karlsruhe.

regular meetings

  • at the end of January: UStA university-winterproof
  • February/March: Trade international trades, since 1985
  • April: Shrills in April, the lesbian gay culture month
  • May/June: Spring fair on the measuring position
  • at the end of of June: second largest free air meeting of Karlsruhe: UStA university summer University of
  • in the middle/at the end of of July: largest free German free air celebration “the celebration
  • July/August: Free air cinema at the lock of God sows
  • August/September: Light celebration in the city garden
  • Septembers/Octobers: International Gorodki tournament “golden autumn”
  • Septembers/Octobers: Culture market at the crown place
  • Octobers: Lesbian gay film days in the prince max palace
  • Octobers/November: Autumn fair on the measuring position
  • November/December: “Music on that 49. Degree of latitude "
  • November/December: Christkindlesmarkt on the market place
Impression Karlsruher Stadtgeburtstag 2002 mit Pyramide und Schloss
Impression Karlsruher city birthday 2002 with pyramid and lock

personalities

the city Karlsruhe lent the honour citizen right since the 1945 following personalities:

  • Dr. med. h.c. Dr. rer. pole. h. C. Dr. Engineer. E. h. Heinrich charcoal burner, politician (1947)
  • Dr. med. h. C. Adam Remmele, politician (1948)
  • Professor. Albert Kessler, Politiker (1963)
  • Dr. h. C. Heinrich Luebke, Federal President from 1959 to 1969 (1964)
  • Professor. Dr. rer. nat. h. C. Hermann Veit, politician (1965)
  • Dr. theol. Julius Bender, theologian and. Evangelist national bishop (1965)
  • Kunigunde Fischer, Politikerin (1965)
  • Professor. Dr. jur. Dr. med. h. C. Siegfried bold, lawyer and politician (1965)
  • Dr. Pierre Wéber, mayor of the twin city Nancy (1966)
  • William Baur, politician (1969)
  • Gustav Heller, Politiker (1969)
  • Günther block, mayor of the city (1970)
  • Dr. Franz Gurk, politician (1981)
  • Professor. Dr. Dr. Alexander Möller, Federal Minister of Finance 1969 - 1971 (1981)
  • Otto Dullenkopf, mayor of the city (1986)
  • Hanne land count, politician (1993)
  • tonuses Menzinger, politician (1993)
  • Dr. André Rossinot, mayor of the twin city Nancy (1995)
  • Professor. Dr. To Gerhard Seiler, mayor of the city (1998)

all honour citizens since 1821 see list of the honour citizens of Karlsruhe. Additionally personalities in the list of the sons and daughters can be seen of the city Karlsruhe.

sport

basketball

the basketball association BG Karlsruhe plays since the season 2003/2004 in the 1. Basketball federal league, after a Auswärtssieg in Chemnitz made the ascent for them possible. Play place is the 4600 spectators seizing Europeanresounds.

football

most successful soccer association of the city is the Karlsruher sports club, that at present in the game park stadium in the 2. Federal league plays. Largest success was the German Meistertitel of the predecessor association Phönix Karlsruhe in the year 1909, as well as two cup victories in the years 1955/56. With the Karlsruher FV, German master 1910, gave it in the early period of the football haven, at the beginning 20. Century a second, similarly meaning association.

Gorodki

Karlsruhe is the place of birth of the modern variant of the slawischen play Gorodki with light throw sticks from durable plastics. Here there are two of the most modern playgrounds of the world. 2006 will find the Gorodki world championship in Karlsruhe instead of. Participant countries are: Germany, Finland, Russia, Sweden, Ukraine, white Russia.

Leichtathletik

in Europeanresounds takes place annually an international Hallenleichtathletikmeeting, which firmierte last under the name LBBW Meeting. In addition each year of the bathe Marathon and the Fidelitas night run, are aligned a Ultramarathon. Also the annually taking place lock park run of the KSC Leichtathletikabteilung attracts runners inspired from year to year ever more and runner inside. Meanwhile this already ranks among one of the largest sport events of the city.

cycle racing

Karlsruhe was stage place of the route de France 2005. The 7. Stage ended here to 8. July. For this large parts of the city center were locked off.

Rugby

with the Karlsruher sports association has Karlsruhe an association, in the 2. Federal league played.

combat art/- sport

Karlsruhe offers a very versatile offer at combat arts and kinds of combat haven.

stifling-lesbian Sportverein

since 1996 it gives Sportverein BadMen e to the gays in Karlsruhe. V., which came out from a group of bath min clays/tones. The association with far over 100 members and a variety at kinds of sport, decided the opening of the association on its general assembly 2005 also for interested lesbian enthusiastic about sport ones.

catering trade

left to the appropriate side on the Karlsruher Stadtwiki

Karlsruhe in the overview

360° Panorama vom Durlacher Turmberg
360° panorama of the Durlacher tower mountain
360° Panorama vom Karlsruher Schloss
360° panorama of the Karlsruher lock
Panorama vom Physikhochhaus der Uni von Nordost bis Südwest
panorama of the physics multistoried building of the university from northeast to southwest
Panorama vom Physikhochhaus der Uni von Süd bis Nordwest
panorama of the physics multistoried building of the university from south to northwest

further sources of information

literature

  • stroke ore Doerrschuck, harsh ore Meininger: Karlsruhe. Urban history and picture documentation. G. Brown, Karlsruhe 1984, ISBN 3-76508041-1
  • city Karlsruhe city archives (Hrsg.): Karlsruhe. The urban history. Badenia, Karlsruhe 1998, ISBN 3-7617-0353-8
  • Erich Keyser: City book of Baden. Kohl hammer, Stuttgart 1959 (German city book. Manual of urban history., Volume IV 2)
  • the country Baden-Wuerttemberg - official description after circles and municipalities (in eight volumes); Hrsg. of the national's archives management Baden-Wuerttemberg; V bound: Governmental district Karlsruhe; Stuttgart, 1976, ISBN 3-17-002542-2

Wikilinks

Web on the left of

Wikinews: Karlsruhe - current messages
Commons: Karlsruhe - pictures, videos and/or audio files
Commons: Category: Karlsruhe, Germany - pictures, videos and/or audio files
Wiktionary: Karlsruhe - word origin, synonyms and translations



 

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