Institut became in the year 1810 by the Swedish king Karl XIII. to improve based around the training of the military medics, there in the war 1808 - 1809 against Russia a third of the wounded soldiers in the field hospitals had died. First it received Kongl to the names. Carolinska medico chirurgiska institutet. One the founder was among other things the chemist Jöns Jacob Berzelius. In the year 1861 Institut was raised into the rank of a university. Alfred Nobel determined in his will that that should appoint AI the winners of the Nobelpreises in medicine or physiology, designated after him. Altogether since this time 5 researchers received AI the Nobelpreis. In 20. Century several institutions and universities were attached at AI, so that it nowadays approx. 3000 students has.
Today that combines AI 40% of the Swedish medical research at universities and universities. It is considered as one of the best medical research establishments of the world. At AI also the Karolinska university hospital is attached.
A list of the famous to AI active persons:
- Jöns Jacob Berzelius (1779-1848; Professor to AI), invented the chemical notation used nowadays and is considered as one of the fathers of modern chemistry. He discovered the chemical elements silicon, selenium, thorium and cerium
- Carl Gustaf MOS other (1792-1858; Pupil of Berzelius and 1836 its successors), discovered the elements lanthans, erbium and terbium.
- Patrik Haglund (1870-1937), an orthopedist
- Hugo Theorell (1903-1982), Nobelpreisträger in physiology or medicine 1955
- Torsten N. Weasel (1924), Nobelpreisträger in physiology or medicine 1981
- Pehr Edman (1916-1977), chemists
- Lars Leksell (1907-1986), physicist, inventor of the radio surgery and the gamma measurer (gamma Knife).
- Sune mountain-flow (1916-2004), Nobelpreisträger into physiology or medicine 1982 (together with Bengt I. Samuelsson and John Robert Vane).
- Bengt I. Samuelsson (1934), Nobelpreisträger in physiology or medicine 1982 (together with Sune mountain-flow and John Robert Vane).
- Ragnar granite (1900-1991), Nobelpreisträger in physiology or medicine 1967.
- royal ones technical university Stockholm
- University of Stockholm
- list of the Nobelpreisträger for physiology or medicine