Karpatendeut

as Karpatendeut one designates ethnic German humans in the area of the today's Slowakei as well as in the eastern Karpatenbogen, today territorially the Karpatoukraine belonging to to the Ukraine. The term Karpatendeut was coined/shaped by the historian Raimund Friedrich Preindel.

German settlers havethe Slowakei of 12. up to 15. Century, above all however after the Mongol idea of 1241, settles. In the area of press castle (Bratislava) there was probably already somewhat in former times German. They have above all older slowakischeCities (v. A. Press castle), market and mining industry settlements settled and were usually enlisted of the kings as a specialist (craftsman, miners). The three main settlement areas were press castle and environment, some language islands in the Zips and the Hauerland. Approximately up to 15. Centurythe Führungsschicht of all slowakischen cities consisted almost exclusively of Germans. The Germans (partially actually old Austrians) in the city press castle formed the clearly largest group during the census in the summer 1919 still: 36% the citizen were German, 33% Slowaken and29% Hungary.

Approximately of 12. Century (the southwest already since 907) until 1918 was the today's Slowakei part of the Hungarian state and/or. later the Hungarian half k.u.k. - Monarchy. Press castle was 250 years long even coronation/culmination city of the Hungarian kings. Karpatendeutexactly the same as many Slowaken in the second half 19 was. and at the beginning 20. Century a strong Magyarisierungsdruck suspended. After the end of the First World War most Karpatendeut pleaded for the whereabouts of the Slowakei with Hungary, afterwards for oneslowakische autonomy within Czechoslovakia. Their number lay in intermediate wartime with approximately 130.000.

However most Karpatendeut already before the end 2 was. World war from the Slowakei to Germany fled or were evacuated from the German authorities.This was not least a reaction to the slowakischen national rebellion in the late summer 1944, when whose striking down of the SS cruelties were committed.

From the Zips are most Germans between in the middle of November 1944 and that 21. January 1945 owing to oneInitiative Adalbert Wanhoffs and the preparations of the Bischöflichen of office of the German Evangelist church before the moving close Red Army to Germany or evacuated into the Sudetenland. The Germans of Bratislava were evacuated in January and February 1945 after long delays,those of the Hauerlandes fled at the end of March 1945 from their places. The Red Army reached Bratislava to 4. April 1945.

After the end of war (8. May 1945) is first for instance a third of the evacuated and fled Germans home into the Slowakeireturned, lost however starting from 2. August 1945 - together with the Sudeten Germans in Tschechien and with the Hungary in the Südslowakei - due to the Beneš decree No. 33 the Czechoslovakian Statsangehörigkeit and one interned in Sammellagern (in Bratislava Petržalka (dt. Engerau),Nováky, Handlová). 1946/47 finally about 33,000 Germans were driven out as consequence of the Potsdamer of agreement from the Slowakei, during approx. 20,000 persons due to special circumstances in the Slowakei to remain could. Of approximately 128,000 Germans in the Slowakei in the year1938, thus 1947 about 20,000 (16%) remained.

The contrast between Slowaken and Karpatendeut is smaller since more jeher far than between Sudeten Germans and Czechs. One can say that driving remaining Karpatendeut out after the Second World War no slowakisches,separate a Czech project was.

Today only less than 6000 Germans live in the Slowakei, which enjoy all rights however since the Samtenen revolution. The Karpatendeut homeland association in Stuttgart works with the Karpatendeut association in the Slowakei and itsYouth federation and with the slowakischen government together and operates among other things Care of tradition. Largest problem of the German minority is the assimilation of the middle and recent generation to the slowakische surrounding field, which in most cases goes so far that language and customswere lost. There are however still two karpatendeutsche villages, Hopgarten and Metz soaps, in which the inhabitant shank is predominantly ethnic German and German-language.

The most prominent member of this group of peoples was a second slowakische president Rudolf shoemaker.

The vocabulary thatkarpatendeutschen dialects with seized of the Sudeten German dictionary.

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