Kelantan (also Kalantan) is a state in the north of Malaysia and lies on the Malaii peninsula. The state is regarded as cradle of the malaiischen culture. The capital and the residence place of the Sultans of Kelantan are Kota Bahru.
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it borders in the north on the gulf of Thailand, in the east on the Federal State Terengganu, in the south on Pahang and in the west on Perak and Thailand. The land surface lies between 5° and 6,5° northern latitude.
The main river is called likewise Kelantan and comes down in two river courses from the Robinsonbergen and from the Lebekquellgebiet , flows off then to the north.
Kelantan is the secondarypoorest state of Malaysia. The economy is based particularly upon agricultural products such as india rubber and tobacco. Also fishery is of great importance. In the last years the contribution of the tourism rose to the economics Kelantans.
The capital Kota Bahru is the most important city of the state. There are plans to promote the south Kelantans with a worth millions Entwicklungsprograms.
Kelantan are supposed because of the rule of many years of the Islamic PAS the socially most conservative state of Malaysia. The Islamics won the elections 1990 and could their majority 1995, 1999 and 2004 defend. Kelantan is at present the only state in Malaysia, which is not governed of the Barisan Nasional.
The PAS and the State of Kelantan are closely connected. The Islamics probably at least still governed the state from 1959 to 1978 and from 1990 to and up to the next elections 2009.
1990 had the PAS an overwhelming choice success and won all seats in the parliament of the state and all seats in the parliament, which represent Kelantan. The victory attained of the PAS stated opposition coalition Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah. 1995 won the PAS with a less clear majority and had 1999 again a choice success, after many Malaien turned away because of the arrest Anwar Ibrahims from the UMNO. 2004 defended the Islamics only scarcely the majority in Kelantan.
The PAS tries for a long time to implement a strict interpretation of the Islamic laws in Kelantan. In the meantime it is for example regulation to line up in the supermarket in queues separated according to sexes. There are public banks only for men and only for women. Suggestions for punishments like the Amputation of member masses because of theft or the execution because of Blasphemie (Hudud - laws) were rejected against it by the centre government with reference to the condition.
see also the major item: History of Malaysia
Kelantan was in former times its own state and in 19. Century opposite the northern neighbour Siam (today Thailand) tributary. By the contract of 13. June 1908 was surrendered Kelantan as well as Terengganu , Perlis and Kedah from Siam to Great Britain.
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