Khoi Khoi

the Khoi Khoi (or only Khoi, in former times mentioned by the Buren also devaluing Hottentotten) are a indigenes people of Africa. Together with the San they populated the southern Africa with the arrival of the first Europeans. Among the people of the Khoi Khoi those rankTrunks of the Nama and Orlam.

history

the Khoi Khoi lived mainly as nomadische Hirten. They were accordingly in smaller groups organized, which saw themselves however as homogeneous unit.

In accordance with a disputed assumption the Khoi Khoi could descend from the San.The Khoi Khoi and the San is summarized partially also as Khoisan. In accordance with this assumption the Khoi Khoi 200 v. split. Chr. after a meeting with Bantu - trunks in the north of the today's Botswana from the San. From the Bantu the Khoi learnedKhoi the aminal husbandry, whatever it made less dependent on the hunt and established than the San.

The Khoi Khoi remained despite the again-acquired knowledge further Nomaden. They could be longer at a locality, but as soon as the pastures were exhausted in the environment,also they had to further-pull. Larger groups or state things could not form for this reason. The people of the Khoi Khoi was instead divided in kinships, which loose connections of around-pulling groups represented.

The Khoi used with the San was at present, as the Europeansthey reached, in terms of figures superior. Today the relationship turned around. The San offered resistance against the penetrating Europeans, but after the first fight they withdrew themselves frequently from the area. The Khoi however fought to last. During colonizing by the Dutchmen became alikethe Khoi Khoi of the cape region almost exterminated. Some followed the San. On many farms and they are employed frequently as Hirten.

The Nama in Namibia is Khoi, those in the turn of 18. and 19. Century from South Africa there fled.

Became famousthe Hottentot Venus, civil Sarah Baartman (1789-1815), a member of the people of the Khoi Khoi, which was brought to 1810 to London, 1815 to Paris and issued at both places and large public attention excited. Their gypsum casting and their skeleton were until 1982 in the Paris Muséede l'homme issued, also it the brain and sex part conserved in formaldehyde kept. 2002 was published these remnants at South Africa and bestattet there under large public sympathy.

Generally became the Khoi Khoi (“Hottentotten”) in Germany admits by the rebellion of the Herero and Nama in German southwest Africa starting from 1904.

today's situation

the future of the Khoi is uncertain, since they could not keep themselves isolated like the San. In South Africa, in particular in the region of Capetown, still 2400 Khoi live, from which approximately 150 maintains their old culture.

In Namibia the number is approximately about 3400, by which 1700 of their tradition remained faithful. The Nama Khoi has 100,000 members, about which a majority lives still nomadisch.

In Botswana their number shrank after drift after Namibia in the last years of 2900 on 1900,still scarcely 100 lives still as before thousand years.

see also

to San (people)

Nama (people)

Hoodia gordonii

Kral

 

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