Kiebitz (kind)

Kiebitz
Kiebitz
systematics
Class: Birds (Aves)
subclass: Neukiefervögel (Neognathae)
order: Regenpfeiferartige (Charadriiformes)
family: Regenpfeifer (Charadriidae)
kind: Kiebitze (Vanellus)
kind: Kiebitz
scientific name
Vanellus vanellus
Linnaeus, 1758

the Kiebitz (Vanellus vanellus) is bird a kind from the family of the Regenpfeifer (Charadriidae).

Table of contents

appearance

the Kiebitz is 28 to 30 cm long and has a wingspan of 70 to 80 cm. It weighs 200-280g, is about deaf large and unmistakable: From a distance he sees black and knows out, with white belly, black, defined chest and black top side. The back schillert in green-blue-sound, and the long hood, which is called also „feather/spring hell “, is most remarkable. In the flight it is noticeable that the wings do not approach pointedly, but looks very rounded off. Males and females are only difficult to differentiate, the females have a somewhat shorter hell and are not completely like that buntschillernd.

The call is a characteristic „pjiuu vit “. Particularly is the Kiebitz for its Balzflug admits in the spring. Here the male achieves akrobatische flight maneuvers, with laterally tilting dives. It throws itself loud calling in air back and forth and wobbles perpendicularly to soil.

habitat

Kiebitze (Vanellus vanellus) mit Jungtier
of Kiebitze (Vanellus vanellus) with young animal

the Kiebitz is in Central Europe a far common breeding bird. It lives mainly in the open flat country shank, on meadows and fields, gladly at edges of waters and on damp meadows. In Germany it is migratory bird, its wintering areas is because of the coasts west - and south Europe, where it is also yearly bird.

nutrition

of Kiebitze nourish themselves of insects and their larvae, worms and other eddy lots, as well as occasionally of seeds, which aufpicken it from the soil.

breeding care

the eggs (mostly four) are expenditure-bred on the soil in hardly expenditure-padded nests from sheets and small branches. The boys are Nestflüchter, which immediately look for their food for slipping independently. Already after few weeks they learn to fly.

endangerment

in 18. Century were Kiebitzeier one delicate-eat at herrschaftlichen boards, then z required. B. Cure prince Friedrich August II. of Saxonia in March 1736 the supply of good and fresh Kiebitzeiern. Because of the progressive destruction of its habitats the existence decreased already strongly. Therefore the Kiebitz was bird of the yearly 1996. The Kiebitz belongs to the strictly protected kinds after § 10 Abs.2 Nr.11 BNatSchG.

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