of these articles treats the city Kiel. For further meanings, see Kiel (term clarifying).
Coat of arms map
Wappen Kiels Lage der kreisfreien Stadt Kiel in Deutschland
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Schleswig-Holstein
circle: Circle-free city
geographical location:
Coordinates: 54° 20 ' N, 10° 8 ' O
54° 20 ' N, 10° 8 ' O
height: 0 to 74,2m and.NN
surface: 118.4 km ²
unemployment ratio: 16.6% (December 2005)
inhabitant: 230.918 (31. March 2006)
Population density: 1,950 inhabitants for each km ²
preselection: 0431
postal zip code: 24000-24159 (old: 2300)
Kfz characteristic: AI
municipality key: 01 0 02 000
city arrangement: 18 local districts
with 30 quarters
address of the city administration: Fleet horn 9
24103 Kiel
Oberbürgermeisterin: Angelika Volquartz (CDU)
city president: Rainer Tschorn (CDU)
governing parties: CDU/the Green

of Schleswig-Holstein state capital Kiel is a circle-free city in the east of the countryat the Baltic Sea (Kieler Förde). It is the largest city and beside Luebeck, Flensburg and Neumünster an upper center of the Land of the Federal Republic. Furthermore Kiel is a steeped in tradition university town with strong purchase to the sea in the ranges navy, shipbuilding, sails and exploration of the sea.The nearest larger city is southwest the free one and Hanseatic city Hamburg, of about 90 km.

The number of inhabitants of the city Kiel, the historical principal place of Holstein, exceeded the border of 100.000 in the course of the development as realm war harbor by the year 1900, whereby it to the large citybecame. Already 1913 had the city over 200.000 inhabitants.

Table of contents


Kieler Innenförde

Kiel is one of the most important Naturhäfen at the Baltic Sea and lies to both sides of the Kieler Förde. By Kiel those runs Wasserscheide from the North Sea to the Baltic Sea. Thus the river Eider , which flows into the North Sea, affects Kieler city just like the Schwentine, in addition the northeast ship canal in the quarter keel Holtenau ends. The environment of Kiel is coined/shaped of Moränenhügeln and goes directly into Holsteini Switzerland over.

neighbour municipalities

the following municipalities border on the city Kiel (it after the clockwise direction beginning in the northeast, at the east coast of the Kieler Förde, mentioned):

Circle Plön: Mönkeberg, beautiful churches (Holstein), Klaus village and Raisdorf (all office-free municipalities) as well as Pohnsdorf, honey lake and Boksee (all office Preetz country)

circle Rendsburg Eckernförde: Flintbek (office Flintbek), Molfsee and Mielkendorf (office Molfsee), Melsdorf and Ottendorf (office figure eight resistance), Kronshagen (office-free municipality), Neuwittenbek and Felm (office of Danish Wohld), old person wood (office-free municipality), Dänischenhagen (Office Dänischenhagen) and beach (office Dänischenhagen)

city arrangement

the city of Kiel is divided into 30 quarters. Or several quarters mostly imagine together one that altogether 18 local districts with one local adviser each. These committees become from the meeting of the council (local council)the entire town certainly according to each local election again and are to important to hear affairs concerning the local district. They can place also requests, which concern the quarter, to the meeting of the council, advise thus these there and/or. are decided.

The local districts with their belonged to quarters and their more officiallyNumber:

  • In the middle of
    • 1 old part of town
    • 2 suburb
    • 3 drilling place
    • 4 Damperhof
  • Ravensberg/Brunswik/Düsternbrook
    water tower Ravensberg
    • 5 Brunswik
    • 6 Düsternbrook
    • 7 Blücherplatz
    • 9 Ravensberg
  • Steenbek Projensdorf
    • 8 Wik partially.
  • Wik
    • 8 Wik partially.
  • Schreventeich/Hasseldieksdamm
    • 10 Schreventeich
    • 11 south cemetery
    • 15 Hasseldieksdamm
  • Gaarden
    • 12 Gaarden east
    • 13 Gaarden south and crowning castle
  • Hassee/Vieburg
    • 20 Friedrichsort
  • Neumühlen Dietrichsdorf/Oppendorf
    • 21 new mill Dietrich village
    • Elmschenhagen/Kroog 22
  • Elmschenhagen
    • search village 23
  • search village
  • 25
    • Metz yard Russee
  • /
    • hammer 26
  • Russee
    • Meimersdorf/Moorsee 27
  • Meimersdorf
  • Wellsee/Kronsburg/Rönne
    • 29 waving lake
  • 30 Rönne praised
    • 14 Hassee
  • Ellerbek/Wellingdorf
  • Holtenau
    • 18 Holtenau
    • praise Friedrichsort 19
work on []


historical map (around 1888)
  • Kiel became between 1233 and 1242 of count Adolf IV. by Holstein from the house looking castle based. Only with Kiel the old German pushed and/or. Saxonian territory to the Baltic Sea - north the Levensau lay Danish, east the Schwentinebehind the Limes Saxoniae with Wagrien slawisches area. Thus Kiel was one of the northernmost cities in the holy Roman realm. -- The original city name read getting city tom Kyle (“the getting city to the Förde)”. Kyle is called wedge and means here in the special one the Förde, oneSea bay, which like a wedge cuts far in the country inside. In the linguistic usage the long name was shortened too tom Kyle and finally to Kiel ( the y in the old name is a long i). In former times by the way still another further explanation for the name of the city circulatedKiel: The waters “small Kiel”, which encloses the old part of town range nearly totally, is a former” Noor “. This former Noor formed - similarly as in Haithabu to the Schlei - a safe Naturhafen for the seafaring Wikinger. The place names Brunswik and Wik point to thosePresence of the north men. The old nordische word “Kijl” [spoken = kijel] means “source”, thus good drinking water, on which the seafaring Wikinger was dependent. A “Wik” (safe Naturhafen) without good drinking water, thus a source = Kijl, was not for the Wikinger a good port! Who itselfseveral small brooks will find, all this looks at old maps of Kiel into the Noor, which to “flow small Kiel”. Exactly, where itself the safe Naturhafen - which Wik - found, one could scoop at that time good drinking water from the brooks. The brooks are today allcanalized and therefore no longer visibly. These sources of drinking water at that time = Kijls could thus quite be the actual origin of the name “Kiel”. However both versions do not leave themselves to proofs.
The Kieler port and the Jadehafen are realm war harbors


up to the center19. Century covered the city of Kiel inclusive Hammer a surface of altogether 1,997 hectars. Starting from 1869 the following municipalities became and/or. Gemarkungen into the city Kiel integrated:

Year of places increase in hectar
of 1869 Brunswik 277
1893 Wik 560
1901 Gaarden east 311
1909 Projensdorf 229
1922 376 1922
Friedrichsort 132 1923
crowning castle 69 1924
new mill Dietrich village 400 1939
Elmschenhagen 655 1958
search village 760 1959
Schilksee 606 1963
Metz yard 158 1970
Russee 398 praised
1910 Gaarden south 618
1910 Hassee 369
1910 Ellerbek 89
1910 Wellingdorf 420
1910 Hasseldieksdamm 293
1922 Holtenau 515
1970 Meimersdorf 766
1970 moorland lake 557
1970 waving lake 501
1970 Rönne 479

thereby became with Holtenau, praise Friedrichsort and Schilksee also municipalities of the region Schleswig into the otherwise holsteinische city Kiel in in common December.

inhabitant development

population trend

1885 had Kiel more than 50,000 inhabitants. 1900 exceededthe number of inhabitants of the city the border of 100.000, whereby it became the large city. Until 1910 this number doubled itself on 211.000. In December 1942 the total population of the city achieved its historical highest level because of the high armament in the Second World War (war harbor, shipyards) with 306.000. At the end of June 2005229,715 humans with main domicile lived in Kiel after official updating.

The following overview shows the numbers of inhabitants after the respective area conditions. Until 1833 it concerns usually around estimations, afterwards census results (¹) or official updating of the respective statistic offices and/or the city administration. The datarefer starting from 1843 to „the localpresent population “, starting from 1925 to the resident population and since 1987 to „the population at the place of the main dwelling “. 1843 ago the number of inhabitants was determined in non-uniform collection procedures.

Year inhabitant
1300 1,000
1450 2,000
1682 3,310
1750 4,500
1768 5,268
1773 5.430
1781 5,739
1803 7,075
1825 10,035
1830 10,833
1. February 1835 ¹ 11,622
1. February 1840 ¹ 12,344
1. February 1845 ¹ 13,572
1. February 1855 ¹ 16,274
1. February 1860 ¹ 17,541
3. December 1864 ¹ 18,770
year inhabitant
3. December 1867 ¹ 24.216
1. December 1871 ¹ 31,764
1. December 1875 ¹ 37,246
1. December 1880 ¹ 43,594
1. December 1885 ¹ 51,707
1. December 1890 ¹ 69,172
2. December 1895 ¹ 85,666
1. December 1900 ¹ 107,977
1. December 1905 ¹ 163,772
1. December 1910 ¹ 211.627
1. December 1916 ¹ 191,937
5. December 1917 ¹ 194,609
8. October 1919 ¹ 205,330
16. June 1925 ¹ 213,587
16. June 1933 ¹ 218,335
17. May 1939 ¹ 273,735
year inhabitant
31. December 1945 199,579
29. October 1946 214,335
13. September 1950 ¹ 254.449
25. September 1956 ¹ 256,727
6. June 1961 ¹ 273,284
31. December 1965 270,415
27. May 1970 ¹ 271,719
31. December 1975 262,164
31. December 1980 250,062
31. December 1985 245,682
25. May 1987 ¹ 237,767
31. December 1990 245,567
31. December 1995 246.033
31. December 2000 232,612
31. December 2005 230,897

¹ census result



the population of the city Kiel belonged at first to the ore diocese Bremen and/or. its Suffragan diocese Schleswig. Starting from 1526 by the national gentleman the reformation was introduced. 1534 had the catholics on the only oneParish church of the city (besides it still another further church gave) do without. Already four years before the Franziskanerkloster in Kiel had been closed. Afterwards Kiel was over a long time an predominantly Protestant city, which belonged to the Evangelical-Lutheran regional church Schleswig-Holstein, which itself 1977 with other regional churchesto the Nordelbi Evangelical-Lutheran church combined. Today the lutherischen church municipalities of the city belong - if they are not member of the independent Evangelical-Lutheran church or the Danish church (in keel Holtenau) - to the parish district Kiel within the parish Holstein Luebeck.

There are Evangelist-freechurch Christians (Baptisten) in Kielsince 1859. The actual establishment of municipality took place 1872. Further Evangelist free churches in the Fördestadt are the Methodists, the free one Evangelist municipality, the Pfingstkirche, the Apostoli community and the Adventisten.

In 19. Also again catholics drew century into the city. InYears 1891 the first catholic parish church was built since the reformation. The municipality members of Kiel belonged to the “Apostoli Vikariat of the Nordi missions” existing at that time. 1930 were integrated the area of Schleswig-Holstein due to the Prussian concordat of 1929 the diocese Osnabrück. The northern areas of this diocese became 1993into the new ore diocese Hamburg integrated, to which the city Kiel belongs now. Officially the ore diocese Hamburg was established however only to 7. January 1995. The Pfarrgemeinden of the city Kiel belongs within the Erzdiözese Hamburg to the Dekanat Kiel.

The Neuapostoli church is in Kiel also6 municipalities in the city represent. The church Jesu Christi of the holy ones of the last days (Mormonen) possesses a municipality and an institute center for young adults in Kiel.

Besides the Christian community is represented in Kiel.

Ist Heute κύβος Bevölkerung Kiels zu εδώ. 48% Evangelist and to 7% catholic. Altogether there are 36 Evangelist and 8 catholic municipalities.


the existence of a Jewish municipality in the Middle Ages and in former times modern times can be proven nor excluded neither. The provable history of the Jews in Kiel begins only relatively late, end 17. Century. It is the policy king Christians VII. to owe that the Kieler municipal authorities with its first Jew-hostile attitude did not intersperse itself and Jews could finally settle in Kiel. 1782 became the former coffee house of the university into the Kehdenstrasse 12 the first Jewish praying house of the city (existedno more), until the municipality moved 1869 into the larger, dreistöckige synagog in the hating race (receive part of the ground floor as ruin until today). This synagog became however soon too small, so that one moved 1910 into the large new building at the corner Humboldtstrasse/Goethestrasse. 1933 hadthe municipality of about 600 members. This last synagog became in the Pogromnacht of 9. /10. November 1938 (“realm crystal night “) destroyed, only one 1989 established monument still reminds of it. Until 1938 had approximately half of the Kieler Jew the city leave, after the Pogromnacht, inbeside the synagog also Jewish business was destroyed and expropriated, continued to increase the drift, until this way was also blocked 1939 by the outbreak of war. Most Kieler Jew thereupon into the extermination camps deportiert and murdered, only few to have survives.

1961 lived inKiel still 27 Jews, with removing tendency, so that the administration of the Jewish interests for Schleswig-Holstein became to transfer end of the 1960er years to the Jewish municipality into Hamburg. With the collapse of the Eastern Bloc and the emigration of there Jews possible thereby the situation began itself fundamentallyto change. Germany became one of the most popular countries for the Jewish Zuwanderung, here gives it momentarily the fastest increasing Jewish population of the world. Thus the number of the Jews increased again also in Kiel, so that another form of the support became necessary. 1995in Kiel „the Jewish education, culture and social work “were created and a Jewish social female worker was adjusted. Since there was no Jewish municipality in Kiel in this time, the center of the Jewish municipality was subordinated and by it dependent in Hamburg.

1997 loaded from Hamburg againdestined Kantor those approx. 250 Jews in Kiel to the first Jewish service after the destruction of the synagog by the national socialists in the year 1938. Today there are again regular services to T/plate-asked and at the holidays as well as the indispensable social support; in Kiel live meanwhileapprox. 400 of the municipality well-known Jews.

By the establishment of other Jewish municipalities in the country inspired was based to 18. April 2004 the independent „Jewish municipality Kiel “and stepped that 2002 created “regional organization of the Jewish municipalities of Schleswig-Holstein K.d.ö.R.“, around the Jewish offer inTo extend Kiel and place on solely responsible legs. The 1998 still with the Jewish municipality in Hamburg closed convention of the country Schleswig-Holstein had been already quit to at the end of of 2003 by the country, in order to adapt it according to new conditions in the country. In October 2004 members basedthe past of Hamburg community centers in Kiel a second municipality and - with the former Hamburg community centers Flensburg and the Jewish municipality Luebeck - an own roof federation (Jewish community Schleswig-Holstein), since they did not want to join the regional organization of the Jewish municipalities of Schleswig-Holstein. Since that 1. January2005 apply now the new convention between the country Schleswig-Holstein, for the regional organization of the Jewish municipalities (with municipalities in ear castle, bath Segeberg, Elmshorn, Kiel and Pinneberg) and the Jewish community (with municipalities in Flensburg, Kiel and Luebeck).

Thus are thoseboth Jewish municipalities in Kiel independent members of their respective regional organization, both regional organizations became in November 2005 into the Central Council of the Jews in Germany K.d.ö.R.taken up. The community center and the seat of the Jewish community are in the Wikingerstrasse, the synagog of the Jewish municipality Kiel are in the Eckernförder road (sew drilling place).


the number of the Muslim municipalities rose since establishment of the first municipality 1978 to to time ten. In the summer 2004 in the Flintbeker road the first mosque (Ahmadiyya mosque) was placed finished, also outward asSakralbau to recognize is. Different further mosques exist however already for more than 20 years in backyards and other outward inconspicuous premises, like e.g. the Merkez mosque in the king way.


at the point of the city Kiel originally stood a Vogt, for thatby the national gentleman one used. Beside the Vogt there was already very early an advice, that exercised more after 1315 ever actual power in the city. The local council in Kiel is called today meeting of the council.

Chairman of the advice was a mayor. Later gaveit also several mayors. After the transition at Prussia into completely Schleswig-Holstein 1867 the Prussian city order was introduced. At the point of the city then a mayor stood.

After the Second World War Schleswig-Holstein became part of the British zone of occupation. The military government led 1946 a double-railedAdministrative point. Afterwards there was first a mayor as a chairman of the advice and besides a director of upper city as a director/conductor of the administration. The schleswig holsteinische Gemeindeordnung of 1950 transferred the director/conductor of the administration however again the traditional title mayor and/or. Mayor and led for the chairman of the advicewith larger cities - so also in Kiel - the new designation city president .

Kiel present Oberbürgermeisterin Angelika Volquartz (CDU) was selected 2003 directly and is the first woman in this office in the history of the city.

The CDU places at present with 24Advice the largest parliamentary group in the town councillor. The SPD places 18 advice, alliance 90/Die the Green 7, whereby the CDU does not have majority. Therefore in June 2003 a co-operation contract between the CDU and the GREENS was closed.

City heads 1867-1946

Chairman of the advice since 1946

director/conductor of the administration since 1946

coat of arms

the coat of arms of the city Kiel is that so-called. “holsteinische Nesselblatt” in silver on red, with a dark grey boat. The silver Nesselblatt on red reason is the coat of arms of the looking citizens. The bricked ship symbolizes municipal rights (by the Stadtmauer)as well as the situation as port. The city flag is red with the white Nesselblatt and whereupon the dark grey boat.

a partnership between cities maintains partnerships between cities Kiel with the following cities:

Brest (France), since 1964
Coventry (united kingdom), since 1967
Vaasa (Finland), since 1967
Gdynia (Poland), since 1985
Tallinn (Estonia), since 1986
Stralsund (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania), since 1987
Kaliningrad (Russia), since 1992
Sowjetsk (Russia), since 1992

economics and infrastructure

ferries in the Kieler port
Kielis a service location. In this sector 78.5% of all officials in Kiel are busy, 21.4% are busy in the producing trade (secondary sector) and 0.2% in the agriculture (primary sector).

As a view of the Kieler coined/shaped by large gantry cranes reveals Skyline,Kiel is an important location of shipyards. Otherwise engine works and further industry are, like EDP/office machine manufacturing in Kiel. An economically meaning role plays also the port, in particular the driving and cross navigation: Kiel is the most important German cross navigation port. Up to 60 the meters high ships (Color Fantasy), which put on daily, coin/shape the townscape.


Kiel is above all a traffic junction for the vehicular traffic after Oslo (Norway), Göteborg (Sweden), Klaipėda (Lithuania), Tallinn (Estonia), Turku (Finland) and after Kaliningrad and sank Petersburg (both Russia). The passenger numbers are exceeded only by Rostock. In Kiel is end of the northeast ship canal (English: Keel Kiel). By the Kieler Förde are mostly (wedge-shaped) separate east and western part of the city, a Fördeschifffahrt as partthe ÖPNVs makes possible crossing for this sea bay.

From Kiel the two federal motorways A 210 and A 215 lead Flensburg on A 7 Hamburg - to the cross Rendsburg and/or. to the triangle on-board cross-beam. Furthermore the federal highways B 76, B 202, B 404 lead and B 502 by the city.

Penalty public transport company (KVG) and the ferries of the kevlars , which drive on the Kieler Förde of the west bank ( beach, serve the urban public local passenger traffic (ÖPNV) of the Kieler) over the city center to Laboe. The Kieler streetcar became into the 1980erYears given up - for the regret of many. The net of the autostrength secures the regional overland traffic in Schleswig-Holstein.

Der Kieler Hauptbahnhof
The Kieler main station
of the Kieler main station is a head station. He is now already restored and reconditioned - retarded by different unforeseeable events - since 1999; the newRoof was finally finished placed 2006. From Kiel regularly ICEs operate.

In keel Holtenau, north the channel, a national airfield , whose extension discusses, is but was meanwhile rejected. At present there are no regular line airline connections from/after Kiel. Starting from that 3. April 2006 existswith RHINE AIR Monday - Friday again an airline connection after Egelsbach with Frankfurt. Likewise at the 3. April 2006 takes up Sylt air Monday - Thursday the line enterprise to Berlin Tempelhof . In addition Cirrus airlines communicated , starting from that 2. May 2006 Munich of weekday (except Saturday) twice, Sundays onceto approach daily. In former times there were additionally still connections to Cologne/Bonn and Berlin Tegel.

Kiel is output and/or. Terminator point of one in May 2004 opened new routistic holidays road: The German route - from Kiel to Bremervörde - connects approximately 50 different ferries, bridges, air-locks, barriersand maritime museums; Landmarks are the Schwebefähren in Rendsburg and to the Oste.

In Kiel there was an aerial ropeway, which interconnected the two parts of the former Weipert department store by the old person boat port away, until the end of the 80's approximately between the today's LEIK shopping centreand the today still existing multi-storey car park behind the C&A department store.

Since longer the building of a metropolitan railway is planned. The fact that the streetcar was adjusted 1985 is regarded as error. But although also a study recommended expressly the building, the project does not advance so far.

acquaintance companies

  • autostrength (ÖPNV)
  • Caterpillar (mechanical engineering, formerly part of MaK)
  • CO OI Schleswig-Holstein EEC
  • Howaldtswerke German threw to AG (HDW, shipbuilding)
    HDW area
  • Heidelberger printing machines AG (printing machines, formerly linotype - brightly AG, formerly Rudolf brightly GmbH)
  • HSH north bank (developed from the fusion of the Landesbank Schleswig-Holstein and thatTo Hamburgi Landesbank)
  • Lindenau threw (shipbuilding)
  • NetUSE AG (telecommunications, IT-system house)
  • Provinzial (insurance)
  • Rhine metal of land systems GmbH (military technology, formerly part of MaK)
  • Vossloh Locomotives (mechanical engineering, formerly part of MaK)
  • Raytheon Anschütz GmbH before times ANSCHÜTZ & CO (gyroscope compasses, self of you rudder price increase plants, radar, electronic sea charts)
  • Color LINE GmbH (German address of the NorwegianShipping company)
  • Schleswig Holsteini Unterseebootmanufaktur beautiful mountain with Kiel
  • building society central Holstein EEC (housing enterprise)
  • J. P. Sourly & son mechanical engineering GmbH


in Kiel is the national radio house Schleswig-Holstein north Germans of the broadcast, in which also the regional studio of the Second Channel of German Television is accommodated. Apart from the public broadcastcome also three private Radiosender from Kiel: R.SH (radio Schleswig-Holstein) (first country-wide private station in Germany) send, NORA (northeast sea-radio) and delta radio all this from the radio house joke country. The TV-transmitter is publicly accessible as open channel as well as the Radiosender 101,2 KielFM (likewiseas open channel), likewise in the same building with

In keel north the British army radiates the army transmitter BFBS .

As daily paper the Kieler appears messages, which are published by the Kieler newspaper publishing house and printering kg GmbH & CO.

Since 1999 on-line magazine existswith current messages and a meeting calendar for Kiel.

In Kiel there is a large offer at appearing monthly, free city magazines, which cover all a mixture from the topics music, culture, cinema, meetings, dates, local adverts, classified advertisements, sport and party life: “Kiel”, station, Tango andlast day of the month.

a transmitting plant operates broadcast end mechanisms of the NDR in Kronshagen (for UKW, TV and medium wave (transmitter frequency 612 kHz, use after that Geneva wave plan only in the day enterprise possible, took place via power 612). The antenna system of this transmitting plant consists of one against earth isolated, removedTubing mast and two removed steel framework masts between those an interlinking cable are strained. The highest of these masts measures 191 meters. The local resident private radio broadcasting programs are not radiated from the telecommunication tower of the German Telekom AG at the Amselsteig/Krusenrotter way, accessible for the public.

Besides still BFBS operates a UKW transmitter inthe proximity of the Prieser of beach.

To 8. November 2004 was introduced to the region Kiel DVB-T; to March 2005 also the terrestrial similar radiant emittance of the three remaining (publicly legal) television programs were then adjusted.

film promotion

Kiel accommodates the seat of the cultural film promotion Schleswig-Holsteinregistered association.. Their management is in the film workshop of the film promotion, to which the city Kiel for it put areas in the communication center “pump” at the disposal.

Since its establishment the cultural film promotion Schleswig-Holstein registered association promotes 1989. the work with audiovisual media.

public mechanisms

Kielis seat of following mechanisms and institutions and/or.GmbHs and bodies of the public right:

education and research

  • Christian Albrechts university also over 20.000 students; based 1665 by duke Christian Albrecht of Schleswig Holstein Gottorf
  • Institut for world economy (IfW)
  • Leibniz institute for sea sciences (IFM GEOMAR)
  • university clinic Kielwith approx. 2,000 students (these are contained probably also in the number of the university.)
  • professional school Kiel with approx. 5,000 students; based 1969
  • Muthesius academy of art with approx. 650 students; based 1907 are it since January 2005 the first university for art, space strategies and Design in Schleswig-Holstein.
  • Multimedia Campus Kiel (MMC), internationally Graduate School OF digitally Media and management
  • Ferdinand Tönnies society, based 1956
  • people's highschool of the state capital Kiel
Kiel Schilksee - Kieler Förde
Kiel Schilksee - Kieler Förde

culture and objects of interest


Kiel is coined/shaped by the proximity to the sea. Firsturban settlement developed on the peninsula between Förde and small Kiel (wedge), to which the Holstenstat gave tom Kyle the name. The northern land entrance became secured by the castle. The city was very regularly put on, with a market place in the center, of its corners eight roads inright angle to each other went off. These some small side streets continued to go off to the old wall ring and to the water. Main street of the city was the North-South axis Danish road getting road, which led diagonally across the market place.

Over centuries Kiel stood in the shade of other Baltic Sea cities (above all Flensburg and Luebeck), however long time member of the Hanse ranked among the larger cities of Holstein and was. Only toward end 18. Century began the city to expand beyond its peninsula to the south. Developed the suburb in extension of the getting road, which itself finally toto the pc. Jürgen chapel (it lay beside the today's main station) expanded, their cemetery in 19. Century the main cemetery of the city became. Also in the suburb some remarkable buildings of citizens developed, but the largest part was a craftsman and a small citizen accomodation.

As Kiel 1864 separately from the Danish total state andlittle late Prussian war harbor became, changed themselves the townscape fundamentally. Few cities of the German Reich grew as rapidly as Kiel. The city expanded after all directions. Mansion quarters developed particularly in the north (Düsternbrook) and partly in the west, during in the proximity of the city centernumerous tenement houses quarters were built. On the east bank of the Förde in Gaarden, Ellerbek and Wellingdorf the largest shipyards of Europe and further worker quarters developed. Also the old part of town and suburb were over-formed watching with oversized time-typical buildings, among other things new university buildings in the proximity of the lock developed.Also the connection between small Kiel and Förde was covered ever more. West the most important ensemble concerning town construction of this time in Kiel developed for the suburb with the new market with city hall and city theatre, open to the small keel.

The tightness of the city center called already into that1920er years the city planners on the plan. In the NS time plans were concretized to a generous transformation of the city center. Also the 1940 assigned advice of building of cities harsh ore Jensen supported a structural alteration in the town. In June 1944 the work educating camp north Mark established in which to at the beginning of of 1945600 humans died.

After the heavy bomb attacks of the Second World War the eastern quarters and the founder-temporal suburbs were appropriate very to a large extent, for old and suburb nearly completely in rubble. In the reconstruction, which the Jensen remained in the office led, the city in the style of the time should more modern, openlyand to be arranged more generous. The town centre lain beautifully should be set just like the connection of the city with the water again more strongly into the focus. Without the reconstruction of historical buildings one wanted to do however completely.

During the reconstruction of Kiel in first postwar year tenth as exemplary, sees one was praised the result in the meantime clearly more critical. The old part of town peninsula is to be still recognized as such. But heavy interferences into the historical road system the same (abolition of most smaller side streets, covering the hating race at the market, traffic flight corridor Eggerstedtstrasse lengthwise by the eastern old part of town, covering of theMark place with buildings of business) and years, which are ugly felt after today's taste of most than, generally let the establishment of numerous oversized purchase, park and buildings of office buildings as well as the little imaginative architecture of the 1950er, 1960er and 1970er arise little urbanes flair. To a certain extent Kiel has todayan inside - however no alto city more. Ironically today calculated the Danish road with that quite many received buildings of periods of promoterism is considered property as to “room” of the old part of town. The suburb was very generously rebuilt. The close land development of the founder-temporal quarters was loosened up in the reconstruction and through-became green. Worth seeingabove all the old mansion quarter is Düsternbrook.

some objects of interest (buildings see below)


  • Schauspielhaus Kiel
  • opera house Kiel
  • theatre in the throwing park
  • Niederdeut stage
  • Polish theatre
  • “the Komödianten”

free groups of theatres

  • of improvisation theatres aunt salt man
  • theatre instants
  • Theatre Hexagon

as old university town is coined/shaped Kiel beside it naturally also of the typical studentsubculture “.


  • CinemaxX, multiplex with 10 halls and together 3090 places, dock route 54 - 56 in the CAP at the main station
  • local cinema in the pump,Hating race 22
  • dream cinema, meeting center with 2 cinema halls, grass way 19 - 21
  • new Studio, cinema center with 3 cinema halls, Wilhelminenstrasse 10
  • the bridge, getting bridge 8


  • Botani garden
  • computer museum
  • geological and mineralogical museum
  • arts center (with antique collection)
  • nationalhistorical collection of the Schleswig Holsteini federal state library
  • machine museum
  • medicine andPharmacy-historical museum
  • navigation museum with museum port
  • city gallery
  • city museum in the Warleberger yard
  • people customer museum
  • zoo-logical museum
  • outside of Kiel in Molfsee lies the Schleswig Holsteini open air museum, that the largest of its kind in Northern Germany is


aerial photo of the old Kieler city centre
view of the city hall
  • the city hall(Hermann Billing 1907-11), its tower as landmarks of the city applies (the Campanile nachgeeifert in Venice)
  • for city theatre, beside the city hall, originally like this art nouveau, simplified rebuilt
  • pc. - Nikolai church (evang.), gothical to 1875 only parish church of the city, 1876-79 strongly changed, after heavy war destruction starting from 1949 simplifies rebuilt,historical equipment Petrus church 1905-1909
  • (former naval garrison church) in keel Wik lock
  • of the looking citizens counts to a large extent receive, later the Holstein Gottorfer of dukes (1721-1773): West wing received, main's building after heavy war destruction 1959 blown up and by modern new building replaced, cultural purposes serves
  • Warleberger yard (city museum), only still received aristocracy yard outthe year 1616, at all the only received building of private of 1864 ago in the Kieler old part of town and the oldest house in Kiel
  • pump, former turbine house for the town drainage (1929). Today communication and cultural center.
  • Cloister of the former holy spirit monastery, oldest building of the city (exhibitions)
  • Ministry of Justice (1892-1894) at the small one Kiel
  • the national house, former naval academy and today seat of the federal state parliament, directly to the Förde.
  • The horn campus, captivatingly by extravagante architecture with a glass front the telecommunication tower (not for
  • the public accessible), bent swung in wave shape, at the same time and
  • , air protection shelter in Kiel
  • the old person metallgiessereithe “Kieler dockyard” of George Howaldt, 1884 to the Schwentine - delta delighted, is the oldest received piece of voucher for the shipbuilding industry development on the east bank of the Kieler Förde and is to be now restored
  • Levensauer high-level bridge over the northeast ship canal
  • Humboldt school (1876) between Knooper way, public utilities and Schrevenpark
  • Water tower Ravensberg

lost buildings

  • holy spirit church, 14. Century, end 19. Century converted, in the war, to 13. December 1943 up to the cloister destroys
  • old city hall, in the core 15. Century, on the market place, 13. December 1943 up to Gewölbereste destroys
  • Persiani houses, half timbered housesfrom that 17. Century before the Nikolaikirche. To 22. May 1944 destroys
  • lock, central tract and east wing, place of birth of the Russian Zaren Peter III., Ruin 1959 blown up
  • Telemann house, hating race 1, unusually richly verzierter framework construction 16. Century, at the night of 7. /8. May 1941 destroys.Remainders of the carved bars are in the federal state museum in Schleswig
  • pc. Jürgenkapelle, south the suburb, 13. Century, 1902 torn off and by the pc. Jürgenskirche of 1902-04 replaces. The pc. damaged heavily in the war. Jürgenskirche was blown up and cleared away in the summer 1954, gradened the associated cemetery.The bell (of 1530) of the pc. Jürgenskapelle is in the new city monastery into the Harmsstrasse
  • old persons University of, Katz road, building of Ernst Georg Sonnin, late museum, 1944 destroys
  • new University of, palace garden, building threadbare by Martin Gropius, ruin after the Second World War; only parts thatUniversity hospital are received.
  • Buchwald yard, largest Kieler aristocracy yard, Danish road, torn off after war destruction
  • birth house of the poet Detlev of Liliencron, duke Friedrich road, 1964 a building of department stores sacrificed
  • numerous one remarkable community centres 15. - 19. Century became already during the rapid growth of the city in the Kaiser era by time-typical new buildingsreplaced, if nearly all remaining were destroyed in the Second World War

meaning standing and thinking marks

regular meetings


Kiel is beginning and/or. Terminator point of one in May 2004 opened routistic holidays road: The German route - of Bremervörde up to the Kieler Förde - connects approximately 50 different ferries, bridges, air-locks, barriers and maritime museums; Landmarks are the Schwebefähren in Rendsburg and in the east; a further ferry of this kind stood until 1923 in the imperial one at that time threw in Kiel.


  • based on the number of the active ones would be allowed to do also in Kiel the football as in the rest of Germany the kind of sport No. 1 its; however can be here never attained the Kieler associations succeeded a master place in the Top leagues. The Kieler sports association Holstein, the largestKieler soccer association, was in the years before introduction of the federal league some years in the upper league north represented and already 1912 even once German master, at present plays it however only in the third-highest German class, the regional league north.
  • Different the situation is in Hand ball: Here the federal lyingist THW Kiel can show a proud set of national Meistertiteln as well as victories in the German hand ball cup and in the European Cup. These successes rely by strong Sponsoring by enterprises from the region as well as on a faithful fan municipality, which Baltic Sea-resounds regularly fills.
  • Kiel is most certainly a “Mekkaof the Segelsports. The Kieler week (s.o.) is still before the olympic plays the largest sail-sporty meeting of the world. At it annually many thousand Segler with thousands of boats (nearly) of all classes from all continents takepart. During the remaining season beyond that a multiplicity further rain corroding takes place. Carriers of these activities are above all several sail clubs, those their seat round around the Kieler Förde have with the Kieler yacht club (KYC, formerly: “Imperial yacht club”) as the largest and sportilymost active association.

culinary specialities


honour citizens

of sons and daughters of the city

not in Kiel born, but is enough here livedand worked and. A.


  • Erich Keyser (Hrsg.): German city book. Manual of urban history. I northeast Germany bound. Kohl hammer, Stuttgart 1939
  • Jürgen Jensen, Peter Wulf(Hrsg.):History of the city Kiel. Kiel, 1242 - 1992, 750 years city. Wachholtz, new cathedral 1991, ISBN 3-529-02718-9
  • Werner Paravicini (Hrsg.), Uwe Albrecht, Annnette Henning: Meetings with Kiel. Gift of the Christian Albrechts university to the 750-Jahr-Feier of the city. Wachholtz, new cathedral 1992, ISBN 3-529-02722-7
  • Dierk G. Pulse: Stories from thatold Kiel. A book to city history. Grains, Kiel Kronshagen 1991, ISBN 3-9802473-2-5
  • January Schlürmann: Of Germany oldest botanischer garden. Johannes Daniel major and the first botanische garden in Kiel. In: Schleswig-Holstein 2003, number 10, S.10-13.

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