Child and youth sport school

the children and youth sport schools (KJS) of the GDR served as special schools for sportily talentierte children and young people. From them a majority of the olympia participants and participants in international championships followed, like world championships and European championships. Who wanted to be taken up in a KJS,had a sighting and an aptitude test (uniform sifting and selection for the training centers and training bases of the German turn and sport federation (DTSB of the GDR)) complete, which was divided into several sections.

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achievement sport

and the sport of children and young people had recognized 6 Web on the left of 6.1 left 6,2 information [work on ], supplementing to the existing sport High Schools. This was regarded as basis of the achievement sport. Thosefirst KJS of the GDR with the school year 1952/1953 by the Ministry for national education in co-operation with the DTSB of the GDR were created. The experiences, which the Soviet sport with its in the 30's introduced KJS had made, were the basis for thoseIntroduction of the KJS in the GDR.

The first KJS, which differed in its structures from the Soviet, developed for Leipzig in Berlin , Brandenburg , half and. With the school year 1953/1954 eight further schools followed, to at the end of of 1959 grew the number on 23.At first the KJS was conceived as schools with extended sport instruction, which was accomplished both in the subject body education (altogether 3 to 4 weekly hours) and as two-hour weekly training. In the center the kinds of sport device doing gymnastics and gymnastic , Leichtathletik , swimming and Wasserspringen as well as the sport plays were located. To be taken up could only,

  • who brought the necessary sporty achievements
  • to whose school achievements the placing of the Abitur suggested.


with resolution of 6. June 1963 of the secretariat of the central committee of the SED over the development of the KJS a goal and structure becamethe KJS again fixed. This come from the experiences made so far that both the pupils and the teachers did not develop partly the desired able and talents, in order to lead the sportsmen to maximum output.

The task, instruction and training redefined in the resolution optimally tooit coordinates and the definition that the sport clubs were responsible for training contents in the future, led to the local pool of KJS and sport club. Usually co-operated the KJS with one or more sport clubs or was attached these.

The medical support of the pupils, their kind of sport-fair food supply and thoseAccommodation in boardings school were likewise requests of the resolution. Since beginning of the 70's lived over 50% the pupil in KJS own boardings school. Each school had been assigned a physician and a nurse. A sport-medical investigation took place for each new generation sportsman once in the year.

Particularly the kinds of summer haven boxes, fencing, football, device doing gymnastics, hand ball, Judo, Kanurennsport, Leichtathletik, cycle racing, rhythmic sport gymnastic, rings, rudders, swimming, sails, Volleyball and Wasserspringen were promoted. With the increase of the meaning of kinds of winter sports becameincreasingly also Biathlon, Bob, ice art run, ice high-speed run, Nordi combination, Rodeln, ski long run and ski jumping support. The promotion of the kinds of sport aligned itself as particularly in the entire GDR sport at the olympic kinds of sport. Thus fell for example field hand ball, Wildwasserkanu and modern five-fightdespite considerable international coming from the promotion of young people.

1989 gave it to 25 child and youth sport schools (arranged according to number of pupils of 1989: in Berlin (4), Leipzig (2), Dresden, resounds, to Rostock, Karl Marx city (2), potsdam, Erfurt, Frankfurt (or), Magdeburg, Jena, Schwerin, Upper yard, Cottbus, new Brandenburg, Oberwiesenthal, Klingenthal, Luckenwalde, Altenberg and Zella Mehlis) also over 10.000 pupils. About 1460 teachers informed these at the schools, about 430 educators arranged the leisure and educating activities in the boardings school. Almost all participants of the GDR olympia crews of 1988 in the winter and kinds of summer haven their school career/development in one the KJS had completed.


the sporty maximum output everything else were subordinated to the KJS:

  • Sport instruction usually was starting from the 70's at these schools in favor of the trainingin the respective kinds of sport painted.
  • The classes of the KJS were mostly kind of sport-specifically compound starting from the 70's. Thus the time table with the training plan of the sportsmen could be co-ordinated. A twice training on the day was from Monday to Friday the rule, partially could also onethird training unit (when balance or relaxation sport) to be realized. Saturday one trained usually once, since Saturday to 1988 was instruction day in the GDR.
  • In upper classes a temporal „aspect ratio “of instruction, z often took place. B. the Abitur could in three years, instead of in inthe GDR usual two years, to be put down.
  • School time extensions were possible also in the class stages 8 to 10 for pupils in certain kinds of sport (ice art run, device doing gymnastics, rhythmic sport gymnastic, swimming and Wasserspringen),
  • „for national cadre “(member of the national team) could private lessons receive, if the training extent reaching the teaching objectives inother instruction forms did not permit.

development after the turn

the former KJS were resumed after the political turn as comprehensive schools or High Schools with sporty emphasis. Many schools experienced a break-down both contentwise and personnel kind. It partly gave in a class stage onlystill another only one sport class, which had to be filled up perhaps with „normal “pupils, since necessary minimum class strengths were not any longer reached.

Many of the special schools are today again able to lead several classes per class stage as sport performance classes. Also a separation became partial after kinds of sport againintroduced. 21 former KJS have themselves as one that momentarily (conditions:Octobers 2004) 38 „elite schools of the sport “in the sport and school landscape in the Federal Republic of Germany to establish can occupy and with their school crews with the competitions „youth trained for Olympia “front places with the Bundesfinals.

see also

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left to the existing sport High Schools

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