|coat of arms||map|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||Baden-Wuerttemberg|
|geographical situation:|| |
Coordinates: 49° 12 ' N, 08° 59 ' O 49° 12 ' N, 08° 59 ' O
|height:||227 m and. NN|
|surface:||21.50 km ²|
|inhabitants:||5.605 (31. Dec. 2004)|
|Population density:||261 inhabitants for each km ²|
|postal zip codes:|| 74910-74912|
|municipality key:||08 1 25 049|
|municipality arrangement:||3 local parts|
of the local administration:
| Goethe route 5|
| situation of the municipality Kirchardt|
in the district Heilbronn
of neighbour cities and - municipalities Kirchardts are (in the clockwise direction, beginning in the north): Bath Rappenau, mass brook living, Gemmingen, Eppingen, Ittlingen (all district Heilbronn) and Sinsheim (Rhine-Neckar-region). With bath Rappenau and seal brook Kirchardt an agreed upon central administrative body was received.
Zu Kirchardt gehören neben l'und Bockschaft (400 Einwohner) d'Ortsteile Berwangen (1.400 Einwohner) de matrice de Kerngemeinde de der (3.700 Einwohner) Auch.
first settlement by Celts and Romans
first human traces in Kirchardt date on the Bronzezeit back, the first settlement in the today's area from Kirchardt are from the time of the Celts in 6. Century v. Chr. proven. Also the Romans established n during their crew time of 90 to 260. Chr. in different setting to the today's Gemeindegebiet buildings, and an important Roman road Berwangen ran by the today's local part, where also a Jupitergigantensäule in such a way specified was established. With the departure of the Romans from the rechtsrheinischen areas around the year 260 and simultaneous penetrating of the Alamannen the Roman buildings were however probably again destroyed.
mention of the local parts in the Lor Codex
nevertheless settlements must have remained received, because like many other cities and municipalities in Nordwürttemberg/Nordbaden also Kirchardt is already mentioned in the Lor Codex for the first time in particular. In the year 791 by the monastery woman Egilrat a yard and pertinent open spaces in the village Kyrih hard had therefore been conveyed to the monastery Lorsch. The place name means for instance church in the forest.
That Lor Codex mentions also for the first time the today's local part Berwangen, which was given in the year 793 to the monastery Lorsch. The name of this local part means pig field or berry field and is alemannischen origin.
The first mention of support shank took place 829 likewise in the Lor Codex, according to which Mr. Engilbertus gave a gentleman yard to the monastery in Bughenscelp together with 150 mornings country, one mill and ten body-own. This place name means Bugos reed hut.
Already in the early Middle Ages a road connection from Heilbronn existed to Heidelberg, which ran from Heilbronn until Sinsheim approximately similarly to today's B 39. Kirchardt is to hill landscape along this distance because of the edge of the Kraichgau - and is surrounded by fields, meadows and oak mixed woodlands. Over centuries those consisted inhabitant shank exclusive of farmers, who fields managed and pigs gemästet. Important feeds for the pig breed were thereby always also acorns why since 1769 an acorn the coat of arms of Kirchardt ziert.
ownership structure up to the entrance into the Grand Duchy of bathing 1806
from Kirchardt no resident aristocracy is well-known, in Berwangen against it resided wealthy farmers, who were ennobled in the course of the high Middle Ages. The Mr. von Berwangen received Lehen from the diocese Worms (for example in the year 1325 castle Guttenberg) and placed high officials for the Mark counts von Baden. From the year 1379 is so for example Albrecht delivered of Berwangen as a “highest office man to bathing”. The last mention of those to Berwangen took place 1497, afterwards belonged the place to the Mr. von Helmstatt, the count von Neipperg and until 1806 the knight canton Kraichgau.
The today's local part support shank existed until far in 20. Century only from a yard and unite surrounding houses. The yard property belonged first to the Mr. von Gemmingen and became 1718 part of the Kraichgauer aristocrat of lady pin in Pforzheim, established by free woman Amalia Maria Elisabeth von Mentzingen, likewise until 1806 under the Obhut of the knight canon Kraichgau.
The place Kirchardt became in the course 14. Century pfälzisch and remained it up to the end of the Kurpfalz in the year 1803, according to which the place was slammed shut briefly the newly formed Principality of Leiningen, in order to then fall starting from 1806 together with Berwangen and support shank to the Grand Duchy of bathing.
poverty in 19. Century
around the year 1800 had Kirchardt of about 750 inhabitants, who were exclusively in the agriculture active, whereas in Berwangen at this time with for instance equal many inhabitants already some industrial concerns were registered. Into recent history however large poverty in Kirchardt prevailed. From the revolution 1848 sources are delivered from Berwangen, which express themselves sceptically in relation to the demands after Pressefreiheit and confession liberty, since one was busy at this time primarily with the fight of hunger and one could not eat spirit liberty. Innumerable inhabitants emigrated therefore into the 1850er - years from Kirchardt to America.
Only the settlement from later altogether seven cigar factories brought a first upswing in Kirchardt starting from 1885, which processed the tobacco growing in the environment and with those around already 1900 to about 200 persons in wages and bread were located. Until 1914 should remain these cigar factories however also the only industrial concerns in the village.
Weimar Republic and third realm
inflation and world economic crisis provided for far existing poverty and also increasing unemployment in Kirchardt and the surrounding villages. A civil culture began itself nevertheless to draw also in Kirchardt. 1910 had been organized a people turn celebration of the Elsenz Turngaus, 1920 could a sports field be opened.
In the year 1933 Kirchardt had about 1,300 inhabitants, Berwangen 750 and support shank 130.
Kirchardt after the Second World War
after the Second World War belonged to Kirchardt, like also Berwangen and support shank, the district Sinsheim . The admission of over 500 refugees of homeland in the year 1946, who placed thereby more than one quarter of the inhabitants, provided for a further degradation of the living conditions and further job scarceness. In the 50's - years began therefore a strong way course of the traditional population. At the same time Kirchardt undertook efforts to provide for appropriate accommodations and for the creation of regional trade structures. First trade areas were proven and some industrial companies settled. To the first postwar enterprises in Kirchardt for example the doll factory Clemens belongs starting from 1948.
For economic perspectives however only the building of the motorway A 6 from Heilbronn to Mannheim and the consolidation of farmland provided starting from 1965 as well as the administrative reform in Baden-Wuerttemberg starting from 1968. Many up to then of the not fastened roads in place and surrounding countryside (for example the village route in support shank) were asphalted now and provided for a better traffic route.
In the course of the municipality reform became at the 1. July 1971 support shank and at the 1. September 1971 Berwangen as local parts into the municipality Kirchardt integrated.
With the circle reform to the 1. January 1973 was dissolved the district Sinsheim, and Kirchardt fell to the district Heilbronn and thus to the again created region Franconia. Kirchardt ranks thereby among the few (north) municipalities of Baden in württembergischen districts. At the 1. January 1975 was created a central administrative body with the city bath Rappenau and the municipality seal brook, within which the individual municipalities remained however independent.
until far into the 60's - years of prevailing structure deficits could become balanced in the meantime. In the total municipality Kirchardt are handicraft, industrie, trade and service enterprise resident, which offer together about 1,500 jobs. B 39 from Heilbronn to Sinsheim leads directly by Kirchardt, close A 6 as well as close B 293 provide also for a good binding to Mannheim and Karlsruhe as well as further supraregional goals.
in each case an Evangelist church municipality are religions in Kirchardt and Berwangen, to Kirchardt in addition a catholic church municipality and a Evangelist-free-church municipality (Baptisten). Beside existing the Protestant and catholic churches in the meantime also a church of this faith direction is in the municipality developed by since the 1960er-Jahren strong influx of humans of Syrian-orthodox faith (Aramäer), taken place, who meanwhile a third of the Kirchardter population approximately places. The Syrian-orthodox church in Baden-Wuerttemberg has its seat in Kirchardt.
In Berwangen existed at the latest since early 18. Century a Jewish municipality. After this first only a praying hall had, 1771 a synagog were finished, which became immediately too small and which 1845 a new building followed after the model of the synagog in Neckarbischofsheim. Also a Jewish cemetery was put on at this time at the local edge, after the dead ones of the Jewish municipality had to be buried in Berwangen before in Heinsheim and Waibstadt.
In the year 1938 the synagog in Berwangen was destroyed, and into that subsequent years the Jewish population was driven out or murdered. Since Jew-hostile actions in Berwangen were not committed mostly by foreign ones and under the population Jew hostileness prevailed, some Berwanger Jews returned after 1945. Also the Jewish cemetery was used again 1973 for a funeral, a Jewish place of worship exists however no more.
local council and locality advice
the local council Kirchardts have after the local election of 13. June of 2004 17 seats (before 15). The choice led to the following result:
- CDU 32.4% (+1,8) - 6 seats (+1)
- FUW 29.7% (=) - 5 seats (=)
- SPD 24.2% (+0,5) - 4 seats (+1)
- flat steel bars 13,7% (- 2.2) - 2 seats (=)
further member of the local council and its chairmen is the mayor.
In the locality support shank gives it besides a locality advice with four members. On his suggestion the local council selects a honorary local chief. These committees are to be heard to important affairs concerning the locality.
coats of arms and flag
Blasonierung: In silver on horizontal green branch a rising green acorn. The municipality flag is green white.
The acorn in the Kirchardter coat of arms probably points to the second syllable - hardt in the place name, which means as much as pasture forest. The coat of arms is in a control register of 1769 and to 1901 was for the first time arranged colored. The flag became to 31. January 1980 of the district administration office Heilbronn lent.
culture and objects of interest
of buildings and objects of interest
- Germania statue (to the memory of the war of 1870/71)
- concrete slat fences (30's)
- Jupiter Gigantensäule (replication) in the OT Berwangen
- Jewish cemetery in the OT Berwangen
- four churches (Evangelist, catholic and Syrian-orthodox in Kirchardt, Evangelist in Berwangen)
sport and spare time
Kirchardt have since 1974 an indoor swimming pool.
every two years takes place in the local parts support shank or Berwangen the village celebration Kirchardt.
economics and infrastructure
Kirchardt are because of A 6 (Anschlusstellen Sinsheim Steinsfurt and bath Rappenau) and at B 39 between Heilbronn and Sinsheim. The next stations are in bath Rappenau, Sinsheim and Eppingen, critical points from Nebenstrecken are in the neighboring places Gemmingen and bath Rappenau - Grombach.
the Birkenbachschule visits education of about 550 pupils from Kirchardt and its local parts, reason - and hauptschule with work six-form high school. The hauptschule is led thereby as open allday school. The municipality library Kirchardt has an existence of approximately 14,000 media (conditions in each case 2005).
Web on the left of
Abstatt | Bath Friedrichshall | Bath Rappenau | Bath Wimpfen | Hatchet stone | Brackenheim | Cleebronn | Eberstadt | Ellhofen | Eppingen | Erlenbach | Flein | Gemmingen | Güglingen | Gundelsheim | Hardthausen at the digester | ILS field | Ittlingen | Hunt-live | Kirchardt | Long board oh | Lauffen at the Neckar | Teaching stone field | Flax garden | Lion stone | Mass-brook-live | Möckmühl | Neckarsulm | Neckarwestheim | Neudenau | New city at the digester | North home | Obersulm | Oedheim | Offenau | Pfaff yards | Roigheim | Schwaigern | Seal brook | Valley home | Untereisesheim | Sub-group brook | Wine mountain | Widdern | Desert-red | Zaberfeld