of the Klerus (altertüml. also Klerisei, Clerisei) is the conditions, the whole or a group of clerics. A cleric (“to the Klerus the due one ", v. lat.: clerus, mlat. clericia, mhd. pfafheit out griech.: klerós= lot, portion) is an office-holder in the orthodox, catholic and anglikanischen church.

Office means in this special sense that it received one of the three stages of the Weihe Sakraments.

Clerics are thereby:

the higherKlerus enjoyed - similarly as the aristocracy, which it came of nearly without exception - privileges different into the modern times as the second conditions in relation to the third conditions.

Also within the prostestantischen range there was the term of the Klerus. It is in the meantime however except use come. To the Klerus also school teacher, Küster belonged and beside the clergyman. A. Also the Protestant Klerus enjoyed privileges (z. B. Tax reduction, release from the military service). If nowadays the term Klerus in the reference to the Protestant church usesbecomes, only the ministers are meant.

In contrast to the clerics one calls all other Gläubigen laymen.

See also: Klerikalismus


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