Monastery new castle

coat of arms map
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Lower Austria
district: Vienna environment
surface: 76.2 km ²
inhabitants:
of it main domiciles
32,396 (2005)
24,843
population density:
of it main domiciles
425 Einwohner/km ²
326 Einwohner/km ²
height:
Highest collection:
City center:
Deepest point:

Exelberg, 515 m and. NN
192 m and. NN
Schüttau, 161 m and.NN
postal zip code: A-340x
preselection: 0 22 43
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 48° 18 ' 15 " n. Break, 16° 19 ' o. L.
48° 18 ' 15 " n. Break, 16° 19 ' o. L.
Kfz characteristic: WU
municipality code number: 3 24 08
arrangement of theCity: 11 quarters
6 Katastralgemeinden
address of the city administration: Town hall square 1
3400 monastery new castle
Website: www.klosterneuburg.at
E-Mail address:
Politics
mayor: Gottfried shoe (ÖVP)
local council: 41 members:
20 ÖVP, 11 SPÖ, 2 FPÖ, the 5 Greens, 1 MIK, 2 PUK

monastery new castle is a city in Lower Austria (district vienna environment) with 24.843 inhabitants (2005).

It is located at the Danube, directly north of Vienna, from which it is separate by the bald mountain and the Leopoldsberg. From the sister city Korneuburg is it since that the late Middle Ages by the Danube separately. A part of the Gemeindegebietes is posed as nature park Eichenhain under protection.

Table of contents

history

Jungsteinzeit

the earliest traces of human settlementin monastery new castle go back into the Neolithikum . A first settlement continuity developed only starting from the center of the 1. Century after Christ with the establishment Roman auxiliary troops of a castellet, the westernmost province the Pannonien.

antique ones

numerous one archaeological excavations put certificationover the life of the Romans and the settlement of the place to in 5. Century; but the name of this castellet is today unknown to us until. A provable settlement of this high plateau set only again in the 11. Century .

the high Middle Ages

great importance attained thoseCity around 1113, as itself Mark count Leopold III. here a substantial Residenzstadt created. Leopold III., that with Agnes, the daughter emperor Heinrichs IV. , established at the edge of the upper city its new residence, those was married in plant and extent of the according to rank positionthe realm prince corresponded. In the year 1114 Leopold III. left. put the foundation-stone for a new monumental pin church in solemn way. The church was a Kollegium for lay Kanoniker and only 1133 in a Augustiner Chorherrenstift was originally converted. Monastery new castle got that expansion at that time already, itby centuries maintained. In addition, the Danube meant a large threat for the inhabitants of this settlement, was at the same time their life nerve, since on the water route a majority of the merchandise was carried. The frequent inundations pushed the inhabitants beyond the Danube ever more landinward, so that at the beginning13. Century the two quarters had apart-developed. This natural division brought large difficulties, which remained not hidden also Albrecht I., which could be established 1288 in new castle a new castle as residence for the inhabitants. 1298 separated Albrecht I. the two city halvesand new castle monastery-half, lent a new municipal law to the actually older settlement core.

the late Middle Ages

the badly umwehrte and therefore with difficulty which can be defended lower city had to be abandoned again and again the hostile FE storages. It was geplündert several times and destroyed, during itself the population inthe protection of the strongly fastened upper city went. So particularly during the Turk FE storages of 1529 and 1683. That the city 1683 despite their weak forces to last to hold out knew and thus an important flank protection with the advance of the allied Christian armies to the relief of Viennato form could, was primarily the merit/service of two choir gentlemen and strong solidarizing between pin and city.
In 18. Century wanted Karl VI. (HRR) pin monastery new castle to a Austrian Escorial, i.e. to a herrschaftlichen monastery residence, changes. After death Karl VI. (HRR)there project came into coming to a hold and the following decades ever was more sluggishly worked on, until it was not no more resumed 1842. Only one of the four inner courts became finished. From a distance to see however the domes with the enormous gold crowns are, those the rule titles of the house having castle symbolize.

modern times

in the years 1805 and 1809 were occupied the city by French troops, to 20. December 1805 stayed to Napoleon briefly in the pin monastery new castle.

In the center 19. Century was monastery new castle still in itself locked a Weinhauerstädtchen with scarcely 5.000Inhabitants. With the development of the traffic facilities to Vienna many Viennese officials and worker monastery new castle selected as new living domicile. In the 30's monastery new castle already counted over 15.000 inhabitants.

the Second World War

with the “connection” to the German Reich 1938 did not only lose Austriaits independence, also monastery new castle lost its independence. The city became to 15. October 1938 large vienna integrated and formed with the places Gugging, Kierling, yard flax, Kritzendorf, Weidling and Weidlingbach for the 26. Viennese municipality district.

second republic

in July 1946 became of the national council thoseBack arrangement monastery newcastle and further 80 municipalities to Lower Austria decided. The allied advice refused however for many years its agreement to this law, so that the back arrangement only with 1. September 1954 to be carried out could. The entire parts of a territory before that of the 15. October 1938 formerly independent municipalities Gugging, Kierling, Yard flax, Kritzendorf, Weidling and Weidingbach were integrated the again-established municipality monastery new castle. Thus monastery new castle became the third biggest city of Lower Austria.

population

year inhabitant
1869 9,429
1880 10,987
1890 13,435
1900 17,231
1910 22,013
1923 21,578
1924 24,061
1939 25,069
year inhabitant
1951 23,320
1961 22,787
1971 22,029
1981 22,975
1991 24,442
2001 24,797
2004 24,816
2005 24,843

inhabitant development

after pc. And Viennese new city polarized are monastery new castle third biggest city of Lower Austria.
In the list of the cities in Austria monastery new castle is under the Top 20.

population structure

the 15 to 60 year old ones form with 58,6% the largest subpopulation in monastery new castle. There are 25.7% over 60 as well as 15.7% under 15 year old ones. Thus monastery new castle deviates only easily from the Austrian average. Monastery newcastle woman portion of 58,2% is around 6,8% more highly than the Austrian average.

origin and language

the portion of monastery new citizens with foreign nationality were 2001 with 8,4%. Of it were 2.6% from the European Union 15 and the remainder from the remaining foreign country. These get along:

  • Bundesrep.Yugoslavia 1.7%
  • Germany 1.4%
  • Turkey 0.5%
  • Bosnia-Herzegovina 0.4%
  • Croatia 0.2%
  • other European Union (15) - citizen 1.2%
  • other foreigners 3.0%

religion confession

with 66,4% is the Roman-catholic faith the most strongly represented religious community in monastery new castle. Humans without religious confessiontake with 17,2% the second place. It gives 7.6% to inhabitants of Evangelist faith. In addition 1.9% of orthodox and Islamic faith. The smallest religious group are monastery new citizens Israeli tables of faith with 0,2%. 4.9% are trailers other or unknown quantity faith directions.

politics

local council

the local council sits down together as follows (after the local council elections of 6. March 2005, achieved in clammy one the mandates):

  • ÖVP 45.4% (20)
  • SPÖ 25.4% (11)
  • the Green 13% (5)
  • FPÖ 6.6% (2)
  • PUK 5.3% (2)
  • MIK 2.7% (1)
  • WSK 1.4% notin the local council (

results rounded on 1 decimal place) PUK

(platform our monastery new castle) represents, MIK (the family party monastery new castle) and WSK (choice alternative solidary monastery new castle) are civil lists and began 2005 for the first time.

The local council government is placed by a coalition from ÖVP and the Green.

mayor

  • mayor:Dr. Gottfried shoe (ÖVP)
  • vice-mayor: KR Fritz buyer (ÖVP)

Katastralgemeinden

the following Katastralgemeinden belong to monastery new castle:

economics

economic structure

  • 670 handels, trade and industrial companies, of it
    • 600Small firms (1-3 service takers)
    • of 60 center enterprises (max. 10 service takers)
    • of 10 enterprises over 50 service takers
  • of 149 agricultural enterprises
  • 39 Buschenschanken

level of employment

  • 620 independent ones
  • 12,600 dependently employed person

tourism

  • of 10 commercial accommodating enterprises with 336 beds
  • of 27 private accommodating enterprises with 165 beds
  • 1 youth hostelwith 60 beds
  • 1 camping site with 140 parking bays and 50 campgrounds

objects of interest

monastery new castle is since age ago also a well-known center of the cultivation of wine. Refer to on that also many shrub giving (Heuriger) in the environment of the place, a kind that Bunch economy.

In the small town also a national institute for viticulture is resident. From this also the Austrian method of the Mostzucker regulation is designated with the wine in degrees of KMW, which an equivalent to the Öchsle spread in Germany - degrees are (see also monastery new citizens Mostwaage). In monastery new castle is alsothe collection Essl resident, which ranks among of Austria most important collection of present presence in private property.

tourism information

  • room - information office +43 (0) 2243 320-38
  • tourism association: +43 (0) 2243 343-96
  • municipality monastery new castle: +43 (0) 2243 444-294

personalities

important buildings

of pictures

Web on the left of

Commons: Monastery new castle - pictures, videos and/or audio files
 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)