Koizumi Junichirō

Koizumi Junichiro (2004)

Koizumi Junichiro (jap. 小泉純一郎 Koizumi Jun'ichirō) (* 8. January 1942 in Yokosuka, Japan) is a Japanese politician. He is a chairman of the government party LDP and since 2001 prime ministers of Japan.

Table of contents

lives

Koizumi became to 8. January 1942 in the city Yokusuka in the prefecture Kanagawa born. Its father Koizumi Junya was a general manager of the defense agency and delegate of the Japanese parliament in second generation. Koizumis grandfather Koizumi Matajiro was a Japanese post office Minister. Junichiro visited the Yokosuka High School and studied economic science at the Keio university. For short time it studied college London at the University, until it returned in December 1969 due to the death of its father to Japan.

Koizumi married 1978, becamebut 1982 divorced, after its Mrs. had left it because of bodily injury, and he swore, “again to never marry”. He is father of three sons, on whom two (Koizumi Shinjiro and Koizumi excrement aero) live with it and since the divorce no more did not see their nut/mother. Thatyoungest son Miyamoto Yoshinaga, is a student at the Keio university and his father met, its attempt on the occasion of the funeral of his grandmother was never rejected.

political career

after a first, missed attempt achieved Koizumi in December 1972 a seat in the Japanese House of Commons. Itmember of the LDP was and followed within these the Fukuda parliamentary group. It defended its seat in parlament in ten further elections.

Koizumis first important post was that of the parliamentary undersecretary of state for finances 1979. 1998 it, exactly like his grandfather, became Minister for post office and telecommunicationsin the cabinet of Miyazawa Kiichi. Three times, under the Prime Minister Takeshita Noboru, UN Sosuke and Hashimoto Ryutaro, was Koizumi of Japanese ministers of health. In the year 1994, when the liberal democrats were briefly in the opposition, it closed a new parliamentary group within the LDP,the Shinseiki on, which consisted of young, ambitious delegates.

In the years 1995 and 1999 he stood as a candidate for the presidency of the LDP, but he was subject against Hashimoto Ryutaro and Obuchi Keizō clearly in each case. In April 2000 Obuchi became due to a heavy illness through Mori Yoshiro replaces. Koizumi became finally in the third approach to 24. April 2001 to the chairman of the party selected. It defeated Hashimoto Ryutaro with 298 against 155 voices. To 26. April 2001 became Koizumi Prime Minister. With the upper house elections in the following July won its coalition 78 of 121 seats.

With the elections to 10. September 2005 it could again increase its majority in the parliament. With the secondarybest election result in its history its party with 298 seats achieved the absolute majority. Together with its coalition partner it possesses new Komeito, which won 30 seats, eventhe two-thirds majority in the chamber.

popularity

Koizumi Junichiro with the G8-Gipfel 2004

after its assumption of office reached Koizumi first popularity values been never there, which were to be attributed its for Japanese conditions to extroverted natures and its schillernden past. Among its pointed names “lion heart” and “loners” ranked. BesidesKoizumi is a avowed hard skirt fan. It penetrated on new concepts, which down-lying Japanese economy tried to animate and to concern together with the banks against putrid credits the post office savings nature to denationalize and the parliamentary group structure of the LDP to reform. He announced one period of painful restructuring,in order to ensure a better future. For this purpose it assigned a expert of economic politics and a commentator, Heizo Takenaka, to reform the bank nature. Under its auspice it, the portion of the not served credits of the Japanese banks succeeded at half of the level from 2001 toreduce. The Japanese economy experienced a slow, but constant recovery, and the stock market won clearly at value, whereby high unemployment and the increased arm realm downward gradient are not located to no more in the center of the daily debate. Takaneka was appointed 2004 the Minister for post office reform, and the reform of theJapanese post office savings nature steps into its crucial phase.

All it implemented these reform steps against violent resistance of the “old guard” within the LDP and the Bürokraten. In January 2002 Koizumi dismissed the popular Foreign Minister Makiko Tanaka, which he first as Partnerin in after internal-party Querelenthis fight well to use knew, then however to fall left, when it was not determined their large reform efforts any more to carry.2003 were red-elect Koizumi, and its popularity rose with the economic recovery again. With a suggestion to shorten pension payments to favour of a tax revision,it encountered however strong refusal in the population. With the upper house elections 2004 the LDP landed a democratic party of Japan (DPJ) only scarcely before the oppositional. After the failure of the post office reform in the upper house (2005) Koizumi wrote new elections out, which he won sensationally.

controversies

Koizumis liberal image abroad took damage, as it to 13. August 2001, in January 2003 and in January 2004 the Yasukuni shrine a disputed attendance abstattete again. Its grandfather had built , for Kamikaze missions had used an airfield in Kagoshima in the years 1944 and 1945became, and a cousin Koizumis had died with such a mission, which a reason for the attendance Koizumis at the shrine was. Other reasons are the attitude within the LDP not to be able to be affected of China and North Korea and the opinion that attendanceat the shrine a internal-Japanese affair there its, which is not seen in such a way by all neighbour states, the victims of the employments that as göttlich admired soldiers became, among whom also without exception all war criminals are. Koizumi arranged also the enlargement of the Japanese armed forces and extended October 2001their possibilities for the participation in international missions.

At the 17.Oktober 2005 surprisingly a further attendance at the Yasukuni shrine took place. It was its fifth attendance since assumption of office contrary to the past attendance arose oneself to Koizumi there this time as a Privatmann, which did not hold it however from it, in the guest bookto register with its official state title as an Prime Minister. Since at this shrine also Japanese war criminals are honoured, the recent Visite encountered the memory of the crimes under Japanese with the neighbours, in particular the People's Republic of China, north and South Korea and the Philippines sharp criticism, with thoseColonial rule is still alive. For the governments of these countries this attendance was a still more meaning affront than the preceding, since an employment of Japanese troops was located at the same time in the Iraq in the area.

On the other hand Koizumi has like also some Prime Ministers before it than head of the government on thatJakarta summit an apology with the neighbours because of the colonial policy of its country in 2. World war and the aggression in many countries expressed. “This fact of history in humility accepting we express our deep regret and cordial apology again and award to the victims of the warHouse and abroad our condolence out. “Cultural presupposes this Japanese speech way, “the fact that the former victims the Japanese war crimes does not only forgive but also is forgotten, if they apologize. In addition the apology rises from probably only tactical considerations: at the same time to Koizumis explanation 80 hasParliament delegate the Yasukuni shrine visits, among them a member of Koizumis cabinet. Before this background the words of the Prime Minister sound hollow. “(Eiichi Kido, young world Nr.95, 25.4.2005)

during its term of office in former times inconceivable war preparation measures of Japan achieved a new high point. The Japanese government under Koizumi supported immediately after that11-September 2001 the policy of the USA and their military actions. 22 days after beginning of the Afghanistan war, for which Japan made 40% available of the Flugbenzins, a special law with anti-terror measures was issued by the Japanese parliament, due to its in December 2002 a Aegis destroyer of so-called self-defense armed forces (Self DefenseForces=SDF) into the Indian ocean was sent.

America will support already three days before beginning of the Iraq war avowed Koizumi, Japan also without UN-mandate with uses of force in Iraq. To 26. July 2003 was adopted a special law for the support of the “reconstruction” of the Iraq, whereby it became possible,to send for the first time Japanese soldiers into a crisis area under administration of a crew power. At the 9.Dezember the cabinet under Koizumi decided 2003 despite criticism of 55% of the population to send Japanese soldiers into the Iraq. Koizumi explained the area in November 2004, in that thoseSDF troops are active, are Nichtkampfgebiet, although shells were hit into Samawa already in the camp of the SDF. To 9. December decided the cabinet under it that the SDF troops should remain stationed in the Iraq up to the 14.Dezember 2005 for the time being, without Koizumi called conditions for a retreat.The majority of the population remains sceptical in relation to the extension of this employment, for 76% by the Asahi Shinbun asked persons meant, in this question its “explanation obligation” did not follow Koizumi.

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Note: In principle in the German Wikipedia with Japanese family names the surname before the name of the person one sets. This is the usual sequence in the Japanese. Koizumi is here thus the surname, Junichiro is the name.


 

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