A communist party of Germany (Maoists)

the communist party of Germany (Maoists), shortened as KPD/AO, KPD or also KPD (M), was one of the K-groups in such a way specified, which came out from the 68er-Bewegung.

It was created 1970 first under the name a “communist party of Germany/organizational structure " (KPD/AO ), jokeful also called “KPD/A zero” or after its central executive body “group red flag”. The “AO” put it down 1972 and called themselves only “KPD”. For the distinction of other KPDs it is called occasionally “KPD (M)”, this was however never a self designation.

Like numerous other, with one another competitive K-groups the KPD (M) wanted to tie forbidden KPD to the tradition of the old , 1956 of the Federal Constitutional Court and distinguished themselves thereby from the 1968 than “official” KPD - successor again created German a communist party . During itself the DKP ideologically strongly at the socialist unit party of Germany and/or. the communist party of the Soviet Union oriented, rejected the KPD (M) the Soviet claim to leadership and leaned against the Maoism .

Received with the attendance in the People's Republic of China 1977 and 1978 delegated the KPD (M) from the chairman of the communist party of China Hua Guofeng personally. In April 1975 the KPD (M) transferred the new, line with regard to foreign policy formulated by Deng Xiaoping in accordance with the theory of the three worlds and explained the “socialimperialistic” USSR as the main enemy.

As also the KPD (M) was organized other K-groups tautly. It was the usually student K-group and could almost no workers or other workers actually bind. In the Sponti - scene was called it jokeful also KPD/OA for KPD/“without workers”. The KPD (M) could get a certain influence end of the 70's in the anti-nuclear power plant movement.

Wortführer of the party were Christian Semler and Jürgen Horlemann. The central executive body carried red flag , the theoretical organ for the names was „theory and practice of the marxism Leninism “. Intimate organizations were the communist youth federation, the communist student federation and the communist upper pupil federation. A further Vorfeldorganistation was the league against the imperialism.

The KPD (M) dissolved 1980 , which united command structures such as Semler and others in the group of the 99 , which was dissolved however after one year. Many members became active in that ever more strongly becoming ecology movement and with the Greens.

By numerous splitting, unions, renaming and pretty often also name equalnesses orientation in the landscape of the K-groups of the 70's falls extraordinarily heavily. The KPD (M) is to differentiate in particular of the KPD/ML likewise which can be confounded easily with it Maoistic and, which renamed themselves after the dissolution of the KPD (M ) 1980 first in KPD (without additive); a splitting off from this is called again since 1986 KPD/ML.

The KPD (M) did not have a closer connection to the likewise Maoistic communist federation West Germany (KBW), still by farlarger and more professionally organized was and only than forerunners of a KPD reestablishment understood themselves.


  • Jürgen Bacia, the communist party of Germany (Maoists), in: Smelling pool of broadcasting corporations impact (Hrsg.), party manual. The parties of the Federal Republic of Germany 1945-1980, West German publishing house, Opladen 1983-84, S. 1810-1830
  • Karl Schlögel, Willi Jasper, Bernd Ziesemer: A party broken. The failure of the KPD and the crisis that linking., Olle & Wolter, Berlin 1981. ISBN 3883957046

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