the term denomination (v. Latin.: confessio = confession, confession) designates a durable sub-group in the today's linguistic usage within a religion, which differs in teachings, organization or practice from other sub-groups.

The term is in in the Christianity developed designation in Christian theology originally a summary of faith sets. The term is used of therefore it also as name for a Christian direction, by a common confession of other Christian directions also generally differs and in broader sense for Christian directions and designates today the different Christian churches and groupings.

In the population statistics by denomination the religion is usually generally understood. That is to be attributed to the fact that in former times generally from a Christian confession one proceeded and of not-Christian confessions actually one did not think.

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Nichtchristliche denominations

Heue occasionally (obviously also by the anglo-saxon use) in the course of a less Christian-theological than more sociological and statistically near-going viewpoint the name denomination for the range of different religions one uses, approximately for the description of the three mainstreams of the Judentums (orthodox Judentum, conservative Judentum and Reformjudentum). Likewise it serves occasionally for the two mainstreams Islam (Sunna and Schia). Also for the Hinduismus, which is divided into the four faith directions Shivaismus , Shaktismus , Vishnuismus and Smartismus, this concept could be used.

Some authors represent however that the term denomination cannot be applied appropiately to groupings within other world religions.

The Judentum rejects altogether the designation Jewish denomination.

For not-Christian religions different designations are often preferred, for example branches, religious currents, directions, schools or traditions.

Christian denomination

the denomination exerts normally coining/shaping influence on theology and practice of its municipalities, although the term serves also for the description of kongregationalistischen groups, in which the individual municipalities the actual confession define, for example with the Baptisten or Pfingstgemeinden.

A denomination in the Christianity is a defined unit (church, federation of churches or municipalities), which organizational clearly from other denominations distinguishes itself, contrary to a movement, like Pietismus, Evangelikalismus or Charismati renewal, which are denomination-spreading and without defined borders.

The application of the term of the denomination necessarily does not presuppose the acknowledgment of an equivalence of all denominations. Determined religious communities, z. B. the Roman-catholic church or the orthodox church does not apply the term of the denomination to itself.

denomination formation

the formation of denominations can itself gradually during expanded periods and from an interaction of different theological, cultural and political factors develops as for example with the morgenländischen Schisma.

The moreover a denomination can develop within substantially shorter time by religious or a theological renewal or by an arousing in an existing church and then to its own group develop, for example the Lutheraner from the Roman-catholic church or the Methodists from the Anglikani church.

Just as a new denomination can result from splitting off from an existing group, often due to the introduction of innovations, which are not carried by a minority part of the existing group, on which this minority makes itself independent, for example the old catholics.

In some cases new denominations formed the United Church in Canada from the lutherischen, presbyterischen and methodistischen church by the combination of existing denominations, for example.

Some few denominations resulted itself from specific new revealing, for example the Mormonismus.

term history

the expression denomination (v. lat.: admit confiteri =, confess; PPP confessus, noun confessio) originally designates confession in the religious or criminal sense.

In the course of reformation history the denomination formed the Glaubensbekenntnis of a Protestant party. (e.g. Augsburger denomination). This became as it were identity pin ends the establishment document of the respective religion party.

By the internal connection of religious orientation and political church sovereignty itself those changed meaning of the special denomination term as formulated confession to the associated in each case Christian church. Beside Evangelist churches with lutherischem and reformed confession conditions also university ore formed churches in this time, which were based both on the lutherischen and the reformed confession texts.

The orthodox and the catholic church do not understand themselves in this sense as denomination, since they did not assemble by the agreement of a common formulation of confession. They are however usually included under the term with.

The term experienced a meaning extension as in 19. Century numerous groups into the German-speaking countries penetrated, which separate themselves after anglo-saxon linguistic usage not by their specific confession by their specific designation (English denomination) distinctive. The English word denomination found however no entrance into the German linguistic usage, instead called one immediately all established different Christian currents denominations, if it not when sparkling wines were marginalisiert.

see also

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