|of these articles is occupied with the former Federal Chancellor Konrad Adenauer; for his son see max Adenauer and for his grandchild see Sven George Adenauer.|
Konrad Hermann Josef Adenauer (* 5. January 1876 in Cologne; † 19. April 1967 in Rhöndorf (quarter of bath Honnef)) first Federal Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany was as well as from 1951 to 1955 Federal Ministers of the foreign one from 1949 to 1963.
Adenauer coined/shaped the political adjustment of the Federal Republic in this position considerably. It seton a west connection connected with the European agreement and in the integration into the western defensive alliance of NATO. Against strong resistance also within the own party it implemented the system of the social free-market economy. He pursued one strictlyanticommunist course, was however ready to take up National Socialist function carriers again to the higher government service if they professed themselves to the Federal Republic and to the democratic structure of state.
From 1950 to 1966 he was the first Federal leader of the CDU. Adenauer acted to Weimar one in thatRepublic as a member of the center. He was in this time mayor of the city Cologne. As chairmen of many years of the Prussian Council of State the trailer of a rheinländischen separatism was most important democratic opponent of the social-democratic Prime Minister Otto brown.
Table of contents
Herkunft und Kindheit
Konrad war das dritte von fünf Kindern des Sekretärs am Appellationsgericht (heute Oberlandesgericht) Köln und späteren Kanzleirats Johann Konrad Adenauer (1833-1906) und seiner Ehefrau Helene, geborene Scharfenberg (1849-1919). Its family was Roman-catholic coined/shaped. Its brothers and sisters were August (1872-1952), Johannes (1873-1937), Lilli (1879-1950) and Elizabeth (briefly died after the birth).
empire, Weimar Republic and time of the national socialism
study and early career
Adenauer put to 5. March 1894 the Abitur at the Apostelgymnasium in Cologne off. From 1894 to 1897 it studied at the universities of Freiburg in mash gau, Munich and Bonn on the right of and political science.There it stepped in each case into the catholic student associations KStV Brisgovia in the trust federation of catholic German student associations (KV) to Freiburg, KStV Saxonia in the KV to Munich and into the K.St.V. Arminia in the KV to Bonn, which it time of its life closelyremained connected. Its first legal state examination put down he 1897, its second 1901. Subsequently, it became Assessor in Cologne. From 1903 to 1905 he was a representative of the attorney with the higher regional court Cologne, senior counsel Hermann Kausen.
In the year 1906 Adenauer stepped that German central party and became to 7. March to the assigning to of the city Cologne selected. To 22. July 1909 became he first assigning to and thus a first deputy of the mayor.
mayors of the city Cologne
to 18. September 1917 selectedit the Cologne town council to at that time youngest mayor of a German large city. The award of the title “mayor” took place to 21. October by decree of the king of Prussia. From 1917 to 1933 and 1945 he was mayor of the city Cologne. From 1920 to 1933 he was with support of center, SPD and strip packing a president of the Prussian Council of State. In this function it stood in a political continuous feud with the social-democratic Prussian Prime Minister Otto brown, which from Adenauer tobefore the Prussian state court one carried. While brown understood a strong centralized Prussia as bulwark of the democracy, Adenauer stood for the separatist efforts of the central party near, which publicised the idea of a splitting off of the Rhine country from the German Reich starting from 1918. At least endorsedit a splitting off of the Rhine country from Prussia.
Also after the Prussia impact in such a way specified Adenauer remained member in the Dreimännerkollegium. In the Weimar Republic it was repeated (1921, 1926, 1928) as a candidate for the realm chancellorship in the discussion. This was most promisingfor „the chancellor of the west “and „king of the Rhine country “1926, it could however his political demands not implement. An exchange of the safe and personally satisfying post in Cologne with the uncertain and in the Weimar Republic notoriously short-lived office onthe realm government did not appear to it also as profit.
Adenauer was considered as most expensive mayors of Germany - because of its projects and its content. Already during the First World War it showed farsightedness. It recognized before many different that the war was lost and, food began to strongholds, and. A.Barley (cook barley). The Cologners called it therefore “Graupenauer”. After the war it interspersed that from the old Prussian fortress ring a green belt became - for conditions at that time an unusual innovation. While its term of office becamethe fair and the university in Cologne open again.Fritz Schumacher, from 1920 to 1923 town planners under Adenauer, said the work to its commitment in times of the inflation „the more to break down seemed, with the larger energy advanced Adenauer. “ Adenauer strove to get intensively foreign investors to Cologne. 1927 it had a promise of Citroen for a car factory, the project already ran then however nevertheless in the sand. At intensive negotiations with the US-American automaker Ford, succeededto develop it it to convince the enterprise of it a completely new work in Cologne to establish instead of the smaller plants already existing in Berlin. Also the work however knew the economic problems, into the Cologne like the entire realm inthe late phase of the Weimar Republic came, stop only at short notice. With the building of at that time technically unique Mülheimer bridge he negotiated tactically skillfully with the KPD; differently this project was not to be through-brought in the advice. 1928 made a bad speculation Adenauer its fortune by thatPurchase of glazed fabric - shares. A public scandal could be prevented by the fact that Adenauer let itself be placed from a so-called black fund of the chairman of the board the glazed fabric AG a block of shares in the nominal value from 250.000 realm Marks to the order.
time of the national socialism
after the seizure of power of the national socialists was subject the central party in Cologne with the local elections of 12. March 1933. The NSDAP relieved Adenauer, that among other things with the attendance of a National Socialist leader in Cologne the hand impact to this refused,its office as mayors and a little later also of the office than president of the Prussian Council of State. Without the citizens of Berlin official residence and in Cologne threatens those from its National Socialist opponents, on election campaign posters „Adenauer, to the wall! “had demanded and it service passing accused,Adenauer Ildefons Herwegen, the abbott of Maria Laach and former schoolmate, asked around temporary admission in the abbey. The abbey took it to 26. April 1933 as a guest up. It led from here on the service criminal procedure, which it approximatelyhad requested themselves, and remained, until it referred a house in the Potsdamer suburb Neubabelsberg in April 1934. There it became to 30. June 1934 in connection with the “Röhm Putsch “for two days arrested. In the following yearsit changed frequently its place of residence and hid themselves occasionally. it received its pension and a compensation for its seized house to 1937 after tough struggle. It received the house after 1945 back. From the compensation he built his house in Rhöndorf.After failed the rebellion against Hitler to 20. July 1944 became Adenauer to 23. August 1944 arrests and fled at the end of of September 1944 from the concentration camp on Cologne fairgrounds. Adenauer had been addressed repeated by the resistance fighters; it leanedeach participation strictly off, because he did not believe in chances of success. It was again seized later, to 26. November 1944 however from the prison Brauweiler dismisses.
after end of war
1945 the Americans set it again as mayors of the cityCologne. After few months the Englishmen dismissed it because of „inability “. British crew power imposed in the time of 6. October to 4. December 1945 it in relation to a prohibition party-political manipulation. The British wanted Adenauer's plans, with the Frenchmen oneown small Rhine state to base, with the dismissal prevent.
In a letter in February 1946 Adenauer wrote to the catholic clergyman in Bonn: According to my opinion the German people carries and carries also the bishops and a large for the KlerusDebt at the procedures in the concentration camps. It is correct that perhaps not much more was to be made afterwards. The debt lies in former times. The German people, also bishops and Klerus to a large extent, dealt with the National Socialist agitation. It haswith enthusiasm to synchronise nearly without resistance, partially leave themselves. In it its debt lies.
Adenauer at power
after it as a mayor again into the retirement had been shifted, concentrated Adenaueron the party work: to 5. February 1946 selected it the rheinische CDU to the chairman, in March 1946 the CDU of the British zone. In October 1946 he became leader of the parliamentary group of the CDU in the federal state parliament of the largest German Land of the Federal Republic, North Rhine-Westphalia. It used thosethe following years, in order to develop its house power within the party, so that it became 1948 chairmen of the parliamentary advice, that advised over the condition for a German west state. Adenauer, who does not admit approximately in such a way outside of the British zone was like itsBriefly Schumacher ( SPD) or Ludwig Erhard ( non-party, starting from 1965 CDU), the actually protokollarisch thought office used competitors, in order to develop its political authority. He negotiated with the Western powers about the results of the advice. He became thus according to Carlo forges „first manthe state which can be created, still before there was it. “
before Konrad Adenauer of first Federal Chancellors of the Federal Republic of Germany became, it was since that 1. September of 1949 chairmen of the common Bundestag faction of CDU and CSU. Within the CDU it setone „civil coalition “through, although CDU/CSU, FDP and a German party only knappe a majority had and large parts of the CDU präferierten in view of the national new start a large coalition. Adenauer held however the small coalition for inevitable, around his positionsto intersperse a social free-market economy and a comprehensive west connection. It could fall back to the good co-operation of the parties in the economic council of the British-American Bizone. Even within the CDU it gave still to proponent of a planned economy, the few years before that Ahlener program of the CDU had interspersed. The SPD hung it also on, just as it aimed at a neutral Germany, in order to achieve this way more easily a reunification. To the Rhöndorfer conference of 21. August 1949 succeeded it to Adenauer itsTo intersperse and finally guarantee point of view that he is the candidate for the chancellorship of the Union parties. In order to encourage the adjustment of a civil coalition, the CDU/CSU selected to 12. September the FDP chairmen at that time Theodor Heuss in the Presidential Election Council also to the Federal President. Adenauer was of1950 to 1966 of chairmen of the CDU.
As an inhabitant of Rhöndorf (in range of vision of Bonn) Adenauer was considerably involved in the fact that Bonn became 1949 instead of Frankfurt/Main Federal Capital. It was not very flexible also here. It pressed for example the Minister of Financeby North Rhine-Westphalia to make Geld available although there was no household resolution. For its legal doubts it did not have understanding.
choice to the Federal Chancellor
the Bundestag selected it to 15. September 1949 with a voice majority (inclusive its own) toFederal Chancellor, an office, which it up to its resignation to 15. October 1963 held. The crucial voice in this ballot came thereby from a Bavaria party - opposed delegate Johann Wartner, that the resolution of its party and - as it shortbefore its death well-known - when only opposition MdB was probably correct for Adenauer.
Federal President Theodor Heuss handed the certificate of appointment to Adenauer over to 16. September 1949, the first governmental declaration of the Federal Republic followed to 20. September, the first attendance with the high commissioners thatAllied to 21. September - the crew statute to the same day at that into force stepped.
Adenauer was red-elect three times (1953 , 1957 and 1961). The election results, which it obtained, are unique in German history. Neither in the German empirestill in the later Federal Republic it succeeded to a party to achieve the absolute majority of the voices. 1953 received the CDU/CSU the majority of the mandates and 1957 obtained it the absolute majority of the voices. Also after the elections in those thoseCDU/CSU alone could have governed, educated it a coalition government, in order to be able to hold with the help of the smaller parties the CSU and widerspenstige CDU members in chess. A technology, which Helmut Kohl imitated 1982, when he for the successful constructional vote of no confidence reachenough with new elections waited, in order to make for the FDP possible the reintroduction into the Bundestag.
politics of the west connection
the Federal Republic became only with the entry into force that Paris contracts to 5. May 1955 and the abolition of the crew status tosame time a sovereign state. All political measures before depended on the direct agreement of winner powers of the Second World War. For Adenauer therefore the foreign policy was the determining factor of its political strategy. From 1951 to 1955 he occupied, also uniquelyin history of the German Federal Republic, the office of the minister of foreign affairs.
It set thereby on a close binding to the Western European States of (magnet theory), an economic entwinement with France and Belgium and in particular good political relations with the USA. Adenauer setsitself for „United States of Europe “, since only these could guarantee on a long-term basis peaceful Europe. It fell back thereby both to its political conceptions from the Weimar Republic, and to the experiences, which it with the national socialism madehad. Economically 1949 ago the process already activated by the Mars resounding plan came up by the Coal and Steel Community, the European Economic Community and Euratom . Adenauer set his confidence into the banker Hermann Josef Abs, the influence on the distribution of the Mars resounding plan fundshad. It asked Abs occasionally to appear as a guest to the cabinet table and invited it regularly to its sun-daily Rhöndorfer coffee board, at which it let councellors meet its. He appointed it the negotiator of the Londoner debts conference. Germany experiencedwith the Wirtschaftswunder and integrated itself an ascent into the European market. The economic side of this striving flowed finally into the European agreement processes, on which the today's European Union is based.
A long-term historical achievement Konrad Adenauer was the reconciliation with France, which finally flowed in the French-German friendship treaty. During the deep distrust, with which Germans and Frenchmen met at that time, here its good personal relationship to the president of the French was Republic of, Charles de Gaulle, of great importance. InYears 1954 Adenauer was distinguished with the Karl price.
Konrad Adenauer strove also finally for the reconciliation with the Jews, after it with H. J. Abs the plan rejected later had born, than, like it it saw, sufficient „compensation “to donate a hospital in Israel for ten million DM. 1952 it closed then the Luxemburger agreement with the again created State of Israel as the first gesture of the apology. Against the resistance of its Minister of Finance it set the payment of a compensation of3.45 billion DM - 3000 DM for each Israeli refugee - when symbolic gesture at Israel through, which predominantly consisted of goods deliveries, which originated from German production. In New York it met 1960 with the Israeli Prime Minister David Ben Guriontogether. 1966 it traveled as a first high-ranking German politician after the Second World War to Israel.
In the public it admits less was that Adenauer already pushed 1949 on the German rearmament. Outward it represented this as demand of the western allied ones; the allied ones were few enthusiastically of it. Already 1950 stepped itsMinister of the Interior, Gustav Heinemann, from protest against this secretly operated policy back. In April 1950 Adenauer, after the structure of a Kasernierten people police in the SBZ , demanded the structure of a mobile police troop on federal level in the Federal Republic. The public experiencedonly years later that it already approved 1957 a project to develop together with France and Italy an atom bomb. By the power start Charles de Gaulles became the project void.
German politics and relationship to the Soviet Union
the close policythe west connection had to lead under the conditions at that time inevitably to the conflict with the Soviet Union. A German reunification seemed to move into further distance. The ideological contrasts stepped in the consequence of the Second World War to day led to the division of Europe andthe world into two blocks: The Eastern Bloc under at that time still indisputable guidance of the Soviet Union and the western camp under the guidance of the USA.
Although it recognized publicly that in all states of Eastern Europe after the Second World War right width unitDistrust opposite Germany prevailed, refused he with the political demands of the Eastern Bloc countries dealing itself. For it a reunification was to be aimed at only possible and, if this would accompany with free, democratic elections. For it the course of the strength led, at least publicStating after, on a long-term basis for reunification under free conditions. Co-operation with at that time the stalinistisch controlled GDR was possible for it only in very small steps. On at that time frequent Germany-political concepts, the one neutrality and one „third way “between western and easternPlanned, gave system in an all-German country he nothing. For it was only the idea gate of the Soviet Union; if this would have only a foot in the door, she would do, around Germany communist umzugestalten everything. Thus Adenauer was silent consciously the Stalin note out.
It implemented the Hallstein doctrine , which fixed the claim to sole representation of the Federal Republic for Germany. After the Soviet Union terminated the state of war with Germany in January 1955 officially, it traveled to Moscow and reached the release of the latter in Soviet shank living soldierfrom the Second World War. As after death Adenauer (1967) in an inquiry for its largest achievement, stood the so-called home coming was asked for that far above ten thousand on the result list.
economics and social politics
economics and social politics placedfor Adenauer only a secondary priority. After it had guaranteed by its office entrance that the Federal Republic followed in principle the course of the social free-market economy, it concentrated on the foreign policy. Adenauer justified with „from the foreign policy, the development with regard to foreign policyeverything depends, detaches the whole economy, depends, which we make in social area. “ as the most important achievement the conversion of the legal old age pension insurance to a reallocation financing was 1957. It was possible to increase the pensions substantially andto adapt to the general price rise. Age poverty, which was before everyday by rising inflation with pensions stagnating at the same time, occurred in this form over decades no longer. To the other law regulations, which Adenauer with carried, both laws belonged, tried the thoseTo catch war sequences socially, like the supply of war-damaged and - survivors, integration laws for refugees and refugees, in addition, laws, who should arrange the economy in such a way into the future looking that as much as possible humans at the Wirtschaftswunder and their successes sharings could. In additionbelonged the industrial democracy act (among other things Participation), the Montan law of codetermination,the partial privatisation of companies such as Preussag or Volkswagen with so-called people's shares, and the accumulation of assets law.
in the Adenauers' term of office was most violently disputed the foreign policy. Afterwards becomeshe however frequently for its socio-political measures criticizes. While it succeeded to it to specify the Federal Republic with regard to foreign policy up to the reunification in its fundamentals Adenauer tried to further pursue socio-politically a conservative policy from empire and Weimar Republic. In the case of its occupations for the departmentsHome policy and law was a little lucky he thereby. His desire candidate for the ministry of the Interior Robert do not teach (CDU) failed 1949 because of the contradiction of the parliamentary group and after only one term of office became the former DNVP - member of the CDU even more for thatBundestag nominates. The first Minister of Justice Thomas Dehler (FDP) had to go to Ministers after only one term of office, since Federal President Theodor Heuss refused, its certificate of appointment to sign and the president of the Federal Constitutional Court Hermann Höpker Aschoff with resignation threatened, should Dehler again become.
Adenauerset on a konfrontativen course opposite communists and Social Democrats. The Social Democrats were after its Rhetorik related ideologically too closely to the communists, so that it operated liberty or socialism with the Slogan „“against the SPD election campaign. Into its term of office fallLaws to the civil service with tenure, which should hold out to communists from the office, just as the prohibition of the KPD, which only few years took place after the prohibition of the NSDAP Nachfolgepartei a socialist realm party. Numerous communists saw themselves suspended in the Adenauer years of political pursuit. Those1952 created federal center for homeland service, forerunner of the federal center for political education, pursued a strictly anticommunist course.
During Adenauer vehement tried each beginning of communist policy in the doubt also criminally to prevent, he pursued the strategy, also former office-holders of theto integrate National Socialist state, if they professed themselves to the Federal Republic and to the democracy. On the symbolträchtigsten this happened with Hans Globke. The former publisher of the comment on the Nürnberger race laws led the Office of the Federal Chancellor, Adenauer for Adenauer left himself by allCriticism do not divert to receive to it the place. The organization Gehlen, whose boss and numerous coworkers had likewise already worked in similar tasks for the LV regime, came up essentially invariably in the Federal Information Service. Effect-enrich however was that thatfirst Minister of Justice Thomas Dehler of the German Federal Republic with the Adenauers' agreement in the Ministry of Justice which can be developed again and the jurisdiction many lawyers of the Nazi period took over. Into the early years of the Adenauer government extensive revisions of the war crimes trials fell directly after the Second World War, an exemption from punishment law foras well as less the retention of numerous laws from the NS time LV-loaded. The Paragraf 175 (prohibition of the Homosexualität) is probably the most well-known of it.
late time as a Federal Chancellor
Adenauer had already quoted his physician Paul Martini to the Rhöndorfer conference,that meant, Adenauer could remain health problem-free still another or two years chancellor. It, that became only with 73 years chancellor, actually remained 14 years in the office and had thereby after Helmut Kohl the longest term of office of all Federal Chancellors.
1959 broughtitself Adenauer as a candidate for the office of the Federal President in the discussion, after it had tried before in vain to away-praise Ludwig Erhard on this posts. After some weeks he withdrew his candidacy again. Probably on the one hand, because it had recognized that thosePower of the Federal President of smaller nature was, on the other hand, because it wanted to prevent the choice Ludwig Erhard to the Federal Chancellor.
At the wrangling around its follow-up was it to a large extent debt. It had recognized that to Ludwig Erhard the guidance qualities were missing, around betterTo be chancellor: Erhard did not have house power within the CDU; später als Kanzler versuchte er mit Appellen direkt an das Volk zu regieren, ohne auf vermittelnde und interessengeleitete Akteure wie Parteien oder Verbände Rücksicht nehmen zu wollen. Its style of leadership was at the ideals of the clearing-up oriented, set on the rational insight strength of the citizen to reasonable decisions and had no spirit for the political cash transaction and the continuing obligation to the compromise. In the existing pluralistischen democracy it rubbed within lessYears up, without obtaining as chancellors particular successes. Adenauer however did not undertake anything, in order to develop a better candidate. The intermediate favorites Adenauer Franz Etzel, Heinrich crown and Gerhard Schröder never got enough support of it, around really serious challengersto be popular Erhard.
After the following choice 1961 it managed it with a tactical master achievement against the will of the FDP, the CSU and parts of its own party to the chancellor to be selected again. As return he promised,to withdraw in time before the next choice to call in order to make for a successor place - an obligatory date he refused.
Its last years as chancellors became by its persistent fight to remain as possible so long in the office andby - futile - the attempt to prevent the choice Ludwig Erhard as successors overshadows. In this time it afforded first also times in its federalpolitical career misses, those with the largest part of the Germans on lack of understanding and criticismpushed. Its attempt a government-controlled “Germany television “as competition to the pool of broadcasting corporations to construct, failed because of the Federal Constitutional Court. The Second Channel of German Television had to do only little with the Adenauers' original plans. As it after the building of the citizens of Berlin wall two weeks waited, beforeit to Berlin travels, pushed it thereby on lack of understanding, likewise with its clear criticism at the citizen of Berlin at that time mayor Willy Brandt. The mirror affair brought the final end its chancellor shank. The fact that it had authorized bunch to its way of acting experienced the publiconly years later.
all possible one for him to Adenauer plastics
before the former Office of the Federal Chancellor in Bonn [work on], in order to saw at the chair of its unloved successor. Briefly before its death he experiencedstill the fall Erhard - “the one is wech!” was its comment. It still intervened by newspaper articles, speeches and interviews in the political happening. Thus he expressed himself still positively before the election to the Bundestag 1965 over a possible large coalition andit determined after its assumption of office 1966 that diplomatic relations with states of Eastern Europe would be possible. This would have been a 180-Grad-Wendung in relation to the Hallstein doctrine. It accomplished several internationally considered journeys abroad and 1964 took it the Academié of the Sciences Morales et Politiquesup. Up to its death it was member of the federal daily and was thereby with 91 years and 3 1/2 months the oldest Member of the Bundestag.
Konrad Adenauer, who suffered for a long time from a heavy diabetes illness, died to 19. April 1967, loudCertificate of death around 13:21 h, after short flu illness and two cardiac infarcts in its house in Rhöndorf. It thereupon with a state funeral and a Pontifikalamt by Cologne archbishop honoured. Its coffin was aufgebahrt first in Cologne cathedral and six knight cross carriers thatGerman navy held honour guard. Then it was transferred of the navy on the Rhine in a speedboat after king winter. Finally at the forest cemetery in Rhöndorf one buried.
family and private
to 28. January 1904 married Adenauer Emma Weyer(1880-1916). From this marriage the children arose for Konrad (1906-1993), max (1910-2004) and Ria (1912-1998). To 6. October 1916 died his first Mrs. Emma.
To 26. September 1919 married Adenauer his second Mrs. Auguste “Gussie” Zinsser, with which it further fiveChildren had: Ferdinand (*1921, soon after the birth deceased), Paul (*1923), Lotte (*1925), love (*1928) and George (*1931). 1948 died his second Mrs. Gussie at the consequences of an illness in Rhöndorf, tightened in Gestapo - detention.
Little admits is that Adenauer not only politician, butalso inventor was. It secured itself some patents, so for instance for „a procedure for the production the rheinischen rye brown bread of resembling pellet bread” (Cologne bread, Austrian patent specification 74310 of 1.5.1916, together with Jean and Josef Oebel) or also thatPatent for “lit up plugging ball” from the inside. In addition it announced 1 briefly after that. World war a new sleeve for garden watering cans on, which could be covered with a mobile flap. In addition it invented 1916 a Sojawurst (Cologner sausage), there inthese times meat was scarce. The patent request was not recognized however because of a formal defect in Germany and was not announced instead of its in England.
honours and aftereffect
Adenauer is honour citizen of Berlin, Bonn, Cologne, Trier, Baden-Baden and bath Honnef. In addition it is the first carrier of the large cross in special execution of the earnings/service medal of the Federal Republic of Germany. By Pope Paul VI. Adenauer was distinguished 1963 first with the medal by the golden spur and still in Septemberthe same yearly received it the struggle-higher Christ medals. By the medal of the golden spur it had theoretically the right to in-ride on a horse into a church. The Lorenz cardinal hunter and Friedrich August baron of the Heydte took in July 1965 the Investitur of the old Federal Chancellor in the knight medals from the holy grave to Jerusalem in Aachen forwards.
The moreover one the Cologne-Bonn airport (IATA code CGN) was designated after it. The state body of the 1950er years, the 300er Mercedes Benz became and becomes this very dayafter one of his first prominent owners as “Adenauer Mercedes” designates.
Beyond that Adenauer with a Büste was set into the Walhalla a monument further with Regensburg. One of the two VIP airplanes of the type airbus A310 the ready for flight shank of the Air Force is after itdesignated.
To differentiate are party near Konrad Adenauer donation and the federaldirect donation the Federal Chancellor Adenauer house in Rhöndorf. The party headquarterses of the CDU are in the citizen of Berlin Konrad Adenauer house.
- memories 1945-1953. Stuttgart, DVA 1965
- memories 1953-1955. Stuttgart, DVA 1966
- memories 1955-1959. Stuttgart, DVA 1967
- memories 1959-1963. Fragments. Stuttgart, DVA 1968
- Peter Koch: The inventions of the Dr. Konrad Adenauer, Wunderlich, Reinbek 1986, ISBN 3805204191.
- Henning charcoal burner. Adenauer. A political biography, Berlin 1994, ISBN 3549054440.
- Hans Peter black: Adenauer - the ascent 1876-1952, Stuttgart 1986.
- Ders.: Adenauer - the statesman 1952-1967, Stuttgart 1991.
- Henning Sietz, assassination attempt on Adenauer, ISBN 3886808009.
- Gösta of Uexküll: Konrad Adenauer - with self certifications and picture documents. Reinbek 1998, ISBN 3499502348.
- Walter of handle: Not at all so pingelig, myLadies and gentlemen - new Adenauer anecdotes, restcorrode 1985, ISBN 3811848003 (TB 1997).
- Gerboth, Hans Joachim: My Adenauer memoirs. Of Karlchen Schmitz, different expenditures, but all, among other things out of print dtv 1983, ISBN 3423011521.
- Zurückübersetzt quotes notes afterHans Peter black „Konrad Adenauer: A German Politician and Statesman in A Period OF was, revolution, and Reconstruction. Volume. I; Providence, Rhode Island mountain cock Books 1995 S. 160 ↑
- quotes after Hans Peter Mensing: Konrad Adenauer; in: Udo Kempf, Hans George Merz: Chancellor and Minister 1949-1998; Wiesbaden, West German publishing house 2001. S.82 ↑
- quotes after Hans Peter Mensing: Konrad Adenauer; in: Udo Kempf, Hans George Merz: Chancellor and Minister 1949-1998; Wiesbaden, West German publishing house 2001. S.86 ↑
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Konrad Adenauer | Heinrich of Brentano | Heinrich crown | Heinrich of Brentano | Rainer Barzel | Karl Carstens | Helmut Kohl | Alfred Dregger | Wolfgang Schäuble | Friedrich Merz | Angela Merkel | Peoples Kauder
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||of German politicians (center and CDU), 1949 - 1963 Federal Chancellors|
|DATE OF BIRTH||5. January 1876|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Cologne|
|DYING DATE||19. April 1967|
|DYING PLACE||Rhöndorf with Bonn|
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