Konrad von Hochstaden

Konrad I. by Hochstaden, also Konrad I. of acre Hochstaden (* around 1205; † 18. September 1261) was archbishop of Cologne (1238 -1261).

He was the son of Lothar I. by acre Hochstaden and its Mrs. Mathilde von Vianden.It had still two brothers, about which the older, received Lothar II., the county Hochstaden. This became - after its and its son death - to 16. April 1246 given by of Konrad brother Friedrich to ore pin the Cologne for incorporation. The younger brother, Friedrich, was Propstof pc. Maria ad Gradus in Cologne, thereafter Propst in Xanten as well as founders of the Xantener of cathedral. Of of Konrad four sisters (among other things Margarete of Hochstaden) were two nuns.

It became to 30. April 1238 as successors of Heinrich I. from Müllenark to the archbishop selected.Up to its choice Konrad von Hochstaden had usurped the office cathedral rehearsing width unit. In order to lend to its request reproduction, he let the legal avoid cathedral-rehearsed. This instituted legal proceedings before the Roman Kurie, which quoted Konrad to Rome, without Konrad of the request followed.Thereupon Konrad von Rom was exkommuniziert and the Interdikt over all places was imposed, at which Konrad was. After its choice Konrad settled its controversy with cathedral-rehearsed and left it in the office.

At the beginning of of August it became in the camp Brescia by emperors Friedrich II. with regalia of the realm belehnt and was it shown by his occurring for the choice of the Aachener prop. width unit Otto von Eberstein to the bishop von Lüttich immediately as Stauferfreundlich. But in the spring of the subsequent year it already crossed to the papal party, for which surely notonly the financial obligingness Pope Gregor IX. was responsible, because with the ore diocese Konrad took over at the same time enormous debts of its predecessor with Italian bankers. In its territorial wars with Brabant, Jülich, Sayn, Limburg and mountain between 1239 and 1244 strong self-interests mixed themselves according toand Reichsinterressen. These reached a Tiefpunkt with the defeat in the battle with Lechenich, which him in from February to November 1242 into the shank on the Jülicher castle Nideggen brought, which it had existed nevertheless victoriously and with increase in power.

After it the bishop ofMünster, Ludolph of got, to the priest had geweiht, became it from this shortly thereafter to 28. October 1239 also to the bishop geweiht and kept lent by the Pope in February 1244 the Pallium.

Center of the 1240er years was Konrad von Hochstaden undoubtedly the most powerful realm princeand the establishment could one anti-pilotfish itself Gegenkönigtums permit, without the selection of the candidates would have been in each case its earnings/services. That applies if necessary to William of Holland, hardly however to Heinrich Raspe and smelling pool of broadcasting corporations von Cornwall. Crucially however it was that ititself with its point of view, without agreement and coronation/culmination of the archbishop of Cologne there would be no valid king collection, hearing to provide could. In March 1249 it clear by Klerus and people of Mainz became the successor of the deceased Siegfried III. of Eppstein selected. It leaned this howeveron papal demand off, for which he was equipped however with the Legatenwürde for Germany. This was not no more extended it however after period of one year; probably Pope Innozenz IV. wanted. then limits nevertheless to its power set.

In the years 1254 and 1255 it came to tensionsbetween it and king William, who sought to extract themselves ever from more the line and patronizing by its tread and to use for this the evenly justified rheinischen standard ware than equipment of its material king rule. Anxious ones papal reminders leave a planned joggle of the king by the archbishopassume. The initiating discord with king and Kurie had the rheinischen and westfälischen territorial gentlemen dissatisfied with the power predominance Cologne archbishop duke, the count von Jülich and the bishop of Paderborn, for the education antique oil niches of a coalition lively, which Konrad could become however rapidly gentleman andin October 1243 the count von Jülich, as could force the bishop also in August 1256 position lifted out from Paderborn to the acknowledgment of its superior and. Here Konrad von Hochstaden used its duke force however not in the sense of a bare power restoration, but for the development of an undisputed andeffective upper rule over own and independent national rule, which should secure the land peace. In this connection is also the so-called. “Small one separated” to see, which terminated the controversy between the archbishop and the city 1252 around the right of a new, inferior coin. As an arbitrator became underother Albertus Magnus assigned. 1258 came it again to an arbitral award Albertus Magnus in the controversy with the Cologne Patriziern in the “large one separated” to its Ungunsten, with the Albertus Magnus the archbishop the highest of religious and lay power, the city however a certain own jurisdictionwith jurors (= judges) and office people awarded. But Konrad could already break 1259 the power of the urban Patriziates, in which it used new jurors from the guilds instead of the jurors from the Patriziat. Thus it played sent the guilds against the Patrizier out and attainedin this way again the city rule. 1260 it struck down and locked up a rebellion of the Patrizier brutally the involved ones, if it did not let it condemn to death, in Godesberg.

To 7. May 1259 it lent the pile right to the city. Each foreign buyer,that its goods over the Rhine transported, had to offer these now for a fixed time in Cologne.

An enormous extension of the ore pin provided the death of the last count von acre Hochstaden, its nephew for it. After an agreement with its younger brother Friedrich and the relatives could it in such a way in the year 1246 the county mentioned to its diocese add. Also the acquisition of far areas of the county Sayn starting from 1248 succeeded to it. By establishments of city and -, like also the introduction of modern territorial administrations to it a security of this succeeded to collections in few years of enormously extended possession complex.

Afterits death he was buried in the Johanneskapelle Cologne cathedral, whose foundation-stone he put 1248 and where one could celebrate 1265 in the chapels of choir handling the service by the rapid building progress.

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