Konradin of high baptism

Konradin of high baptism in the Codex one-eats, at the beginning of 14. Century

Konradin of high baptism (* 25. March 1252 on the castle wolf stone with land hat; † 29. October 1268 in Neapel ) was executed since 1254 duke of Swabia, called themselves king of Jerusalem, stressed the Kingdom of Sicily and was last legitimate male inheritance of the emperor house of the Staufer.

Table of contents

lives

the child king

Konradin, the son of the German king of Konrad IV., which was at the same time legitimate king of Sicilies and Jerusalem, as well as Elizabeth von Bayern, became after the death of its father to 21. May 1254 of the guardianship of his uncle, the duke Ludwig II. by Bavaria subordinates. This implemented the formal acknowledgment for the two-year one as a duke of Swabia. Konradin was at the same time Titularkönig of Jerusalem.

His Italian inheritance was administered by his there present uncle Manfred, who let itself be crowned however 1258 even to the king of Sicilies. Pope Alexander IV. besides 1255 all leaning people and noble one in the duchy Swabia requested to loose-assure itself from Konradin and forbade to 1256 its choice to the Roman-German king. 1257 were selected smelling pool of broadcasting corporations von Cornwall to the king. Duke Ludwig von Bayern gave it his voice under the reservation that Konradin pilotfished the duchy and inheritance to keep was allowed. 1262 it accompanied Konradin for formal capture to Swabia.

Konradin in Italy

after 1266 in the battle was pleased Manfred with Benevent and its realm to the Karl I. favoured by the Pope. from Anjou , pulled Konradin had lost 1267 on requests of the Italian Stauferpartei, the Ghibellinen, even to Italy, whereupon him Pope Clemens IV. avoided. From Germany it received only little assistance, as only important German gentlemen accompanied it to duke Ludwig II. by Bavaria, count Rudolf von Habsburg and his stepfather count Meinhard II. from Tirol Görz to Verona. Besides its company consisted of members of the German Niederadels and of its homeland the refugee duke Friedrich I. of Austria bathing. Its main support in front were the ghibellinischen cities of central Italy, everything Pisa, with whose assistance it succeeded to it to occupy Rome. Here followed it Heinrich of Kastilien , a brother of the king Alfons X. of Kastilien.

capture and execution

with the attempt to reach the Sarazenen of Lucera (Apulien) which had revolted to its favour, its army became to 23. August 1268 in the battle with Tagliacozzo struck by the troops of Karl von Anjou, who had been belehnt by the Pope with Sicilies, destroying. Konradin escaped first from the capture, however with Astura by Giovanni Frangipani was taken up and at Karl von Anjou delivered. This left Konradin after an illusory process as well as ten to fifteen companions, under it also to Friedrich I. of bathing, to 29. Octobers 1268 like a criminal on the Piazza del Mercato in Neapel publicly behead and in ungeweihter earth verscharren.

Grabmal Konradins in der Kirche S. Maria del Carmine in Neapel. König Maximilian II. von Bayern ließ es 1847 errichten.
Tomb Konrad in in the church S. Maria del Carmine in Neapel. King Maximilian II. by Bavaria it let establish 1847.

after Konrad in death

reactions to the execution

the majority of the contemporaries this handling a king son as enormous crime, „an excess of the barriers pulled, those understood the peoples for centuries of right and custom were “(Ferdinand Geldner). Frightening was particularly large with the Italian Ghibellinen.

funeral

the Gebeine Konrad in and Friedrichs in the chapel Santa Maria del Carmine under the main altar were buried later. 1847 left the Crown Prince at that time and later king Maximilian II. by Bavaria a monument of Bertel Thorvaldsen establish there, in whose base the Gebeine of the last Staufers rests today.

the end of the Staufer

with Konradin ended the last legitimate inheritance of the emperor sex of the Staufer in the man trunk. It was survived only by Enzio (around 1215 - 1272), an illegitimate son of its grandfather Friedrich II., which was kept imprisoned however up to its death in Bologna. Children did not have it, because it had been married with Sophie of Landsberg, the marriage however had not been carried out.

meaning

of importance is Konradin for history Bayerns, there it duke Ludwig II. for its army sequence to Italy retired possessions in the Upper Palatinate, over, in southwest Bavaria and Bavarian Swabia to Sulzbach (Konradini donation). After 1270 a wrong Konradin arose in Germany.

literary Nachleben

with its tragic fate inspired the last Staufer in special way writers and dramatists. Over 100 Konrad in dramas and fragments 18 is since that. Century admits, further numerous poems, deserts and other lyric work and Prosatexte. To the poets and authors, who were occupied with Konradin, Friedrich Schiller, August count von Platen, belong Gustav Schwab, Conrad Ferdinand Meyer, Agnes Miegel, Theodor of grains, Ludwig UHL and and Konrad white.

literature

  • Chiusano, Italo: Konradin, the last Staufer. Munich, Beck, 1992.
  • Geldner, Ferdinand: Konradin, the victim of a large dream: Size, debt and Tragik of the high baptism. Bamberg, Meisenbach, 1970 (volume. 1-2).
  • Hampe, Karl: History Konrad in of high baptism. Leipzig, charcoal burner, 3. Edition 1942.
  • Migge, walter: The Staufer in the German literature since that 18. Century. In: The time of the Staufer: History, art, culture. Stuttgart, Württembergi federal state museum, 1977 (volume III, essays, S. 275 - 290).
  • Mühlberger, Josef: Konradin of high baptism. The last one of a large sex.Esslingen, Bechtle, 1982.
  • Pfister, short: Konradin. The fall of the high baptism. Munich, Hugendubel, 1941.
  • Ullrich, Hans's Uwe: Konradin of high baptism: The tragedy of Neapel. Munich, Universitas, 2004.
  • Hans's fitter: Corradino sfortunato?: Victim of the power politics? To condemnation and execution last high baptism in: “Panta rei”. Study dedicati A Manlio Bellomo A cura the O. Condorelli, volume. 4, Roma 2004, pp. 111 - 131.

Web on the left of



 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)