Council by Konstanz

council meeting in the Konstanzer Münster (from the chronicle of the council of Konstanz of the Ulrich smelling valley)

the council of Konstanz (5. November 1414 to 22. April 1418) became on the operation king Sigismunds by Pope Johannes XXIII. to Germany to the Bodensee call up, in order to terminate the Abendländi Schisma to improve the church conditions and strike down the heresy.

King Sigismund and queen Barbara on the course in Münster (from the chronicle of the council of Konstanzthe Ulrich smelling valley)
although king Sigismund assured free escort to it, is arrested January Hus 1415 and goals

of the council was burned

  • causa unionis, the question of the church unit
  • causa reformationis: the question of the church reform
  • those causa fidei the question of the church Verkündigung and Sakramentenlehre

Johannes XXIII. even the council came to Konstanz and opened, whereby only the bishops were present, who were on its side. There was itself an agenda, which specified that onlyafter nations and not, as so far usual to prevent after heads are co-ordinated, in order a stagging by the Italian bishops. The council explained itself then as over the Pope standing and set the Pope off in May 1415. There Johannesby the council selected by Pisa, had he was the authority of the council over the Pope to accept.

The cardinals of Gregor XII.opened a new council in July 1415 around the authority of the bishop in Rome to state. Thendecided they its resignation, with which a further Pope was set off. Gregor had not recognized the authority of the council over the Pope.

Benedikt XIII. refused withdrawing and fled from Avignon to the Spanish coast (Peniscula to the Costa del Sol),where it was for the remainder of its life (until 1423). The emperor negotiated with the king of Aragon and after longer negotiations came also some from Benedikts bishops and the council set off in July 1417 also Benedikt andin November 1417 a new Pope became, Martin V. selected.

The council condemned the theories of John Wyclif, January Hus and Hieronymus of Prague. January Hus and Hieronymus of Prague, which was present in Konstanz, became as Ketzerburned, John Wyclif (1330 to 1384) was at the time already for three decades dead, but its Gebeine were excavated and likewise burned.

The council published the decree Haec sancta to 6. April 1415, that regarding the primacy ofPope and council from interest are.

This decision of the council was approbiert by no Pope, outside of Rome however by bishops and theologians in completely Europe to in 16. Century seriously defends.

Table of contents

consequences of the council of Konstanz

Pope Martin V. 1429 agreed with Clemens VIII., the successor of Benedikt XIII. and thereby the western Schisma terminated.

In Böhmen that hasJudgement led across the popular Prager Prediger and Kirchenreformer Hus to risings of the people, which finally led to the hussitischen revolution. The Hussiten and its imitators led thereafter nearly two centuries in Central Europe religiously motivated wars, which flowed into the dreissigjährigen warand only with this ended.

The decree Haec Sancta should create a collegial relationship between Pope and council. Unfortunately that was practically not possible. Perhaps is also a reason, why causa reformationis also after the Papal election does not fulfillis.Martin V. dedicated itself only to the reforms, which let the weakened papacy erstarken. Some historians are the view that the “shift” was causa reformationis indirectly the entrance into the time of the reformation, the hundred years after thatKonstanzer council also in Germany began.

the council city

intending plaque to the Konstanzer council

to the council reminds a small plaque on the southern market place in Konstanz. 1993 besides in the port the Imperia was set up, the figure of onesumptuous Kurtisane, which reminds of the weltlicheren sides of the religious princes.

literature

  • walter fire Mueller:The council of Konstanz, 2 Bde., Paderborn Munich vienna Zurich 1991-1997.
  • Stroke ore Jedin (Hrsg.):Manual of church history. From the church high Middle Ages to the eve of the reformation, Bd. 3, 2. Half, 2. unchanged Aufl., Freiburg i. B. 1973.

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