Council of Trient

meeting of the council in the cathedral of Trient, painting 16. Jh.

The council of Trient (Tridentinum) was a ökumenisches council of the catholic church, which was held in three parliamentary sessions between 1545 and 1563 as answer to the reformation.

Table of contents


Sitzung des Konzils von Trient
meeting of the council of Trient

5. Laterankonzil(1512-1517) the church reform had begun, however because of some theological points at issue to Luther had failed. Over 20jährige the delay of the Trienter of council was connected also with political confusions of the reformation time.

The nineteenth ökumenischen Konzilien recognized by the Roman catholic church carries its names ofthe city Trient (Italian Trento lying in the southern and Italian part of animal oil, lat. Tridentum), where the council (up to two meetings in Bologna) met and was also opened and locked. The council began to 13. December 1545 and became to 4. December 1563 finally.

contents of

a goal of the Tridentinums were the demarcation against the protest anti-mash. In addition the council specified the catholic theory in different points and published training documents. In these training documents first respective circumstances are generally explained; in a separate part, thatso-called Canones, is specified and condemned in short sections erring teachings.

first parliamentary session: 1545 to 1547

second parliamentary session: 1551 to 1552

  • decree over the all-holiest Liturgie; 13. Meeting; 11. October 1551
  • the theory over the Sakrament of the penalty (Busssakrament), 14. Meeting, 25. November 1551

thirdParliamentary session: 1561 to 1563

  • the science of the coming union under both kinds of shapes and of the coming union of the infants (21. Meeting, 16. July 1562)
  • Teachings of the holy measuring victim, 22. Meeting, 17. September 1562
the council dedicates itself in this decree of the catholic Liturgie, around itto differentiate from the Protestant meal celebration to. In particular the council states that the canon of the Liturgie is free “from each mistake” (4. Chapter). The moreover the council emphasizes the victim character of the catholic Liturgie - than a substantial difference to the protest anti-mash.
  • Training regulation over the drains.25. Meeting, 4. December 1563

typical example of the Canones

from the theory by the holy measuring victim, Canon 9:

Who says, the God-official statutes of the Roman church, after which a part (measuring) of the canon and the transformation words are quietly spoken, are to be condemned; orone may celebrate the fair only in the people language; or no water is to be added to the victim wine in the cup, because against the installation the Christi is: that is impossible.

Opposite the Lutheranern were theologically clarifying, but explosive and. A. the decree to the canonical writings, the catholic canon obligatorily and the meaning of the tradition as a source of göttlichen revealing specified stressed, and to the justification teachings. To the latter 1999 a common explanation of both churches developed.

In connection with the council the following reforms are Pius V. to see.


  • mechanism from seminars for priests to the better training of the Seelsorger
  • mechanism high altar than visible liturgical center (in the Middle Ages the Sakral and municipality range were separate by Lettner)
  • repository of all all this of the Sakramentsni or - little houses in the Tabernakel, usual in the Middle Agesat the high altar
  • introduction of a closed Beichtstuhls
  • Bestuhlung in the church room

controversial literature

the council produced already soon an extensive secondary literature. From lutherischer side about Martin Chemnitz in its exam set itself concilii Tridentini (1565-73) thereby apart and from reformed side of the inhabitants of zurich theologian JohannHeinrich Heidegger in seinen Schriften De fide decretorum concilii Tridentini quaestiones (1662) und Anatome concilii Tridentini (1672-75). In addition, within the Roman-catholic church it came isolated to criticism; thus the Pope-critical venezianische historian and medal man Paolo Sarpi tried in its 1619 Istoria appeared del concilioTo prove Tridentino that the reunification with the Protestanten was prevented only by the plots of the Kurie.

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