Copenhagen

base data
surface: 525.9 km ²
inhabitants: 501.158 (2006)
population density: 953 Ew. /km ²
map
Bild:DenmarkCopenhagenMunicipality.png

Copenhagen (dän. København = “buyer port”, latin Hafnia = “port”, schwed. Köpenhamn) is the capital of Denmark and both in more political and in cultural and economic regardits center.

Copenhagen belonged to the most important metropolises of Northern Europe and ranks there among the most beautiful and usually-visited cities.

Blick über die Innenstadt
View over the city center

table of contents

is appropriate for the city

8

Web on the left of [work on] Geografie Copenhagen , not far from Malmö in care in Sweden on of Denmark largest island. A smaller part of Copenhagen lies on the island Amager. Geologically seen is the entire city on the ice-age basic morainic landscape, which takes far parts of Denmark.

Panorama view over the city centre and Christianshavn:


Differences will must between the actual city Copenhagen, the office (governmental district) Copenhagen, the region Copenhagen and the traffic group.

Der Stadtteil Christianshavn
That quarterChristianshavn
  • to the circle-free city Copenhagen belong the actual town centre, the “bridge accomodation in such a way specified” (Brokvarterer): Østerbro, Nørrebro, Vesterbro, Amagerbro; the quarters Christianshavn, Iceland Brygge, Valby, Vanløse and Brønshøj; but not the independent, circle-free municipality Frederiksberg.
  • To Governmental district Copenhagen does not belong the city Copenhagen; rather this district pulls itself approximately around the city and covers for example the municipalities Gentofte, Gladsaxe, Glostrup, Herlev, Hvidovre and Tårnby (tower city).
  • The region Copenhagen coversthe cities Copenhagen, Frederiksberg as well as the governmental district Copenhagen. Copenhagen and the Swedish cities Malmö and Lund form together a transnational Metropolregion, the Öresundregion.
  • To the traffic group the region Copenhagen as well as the area, that belong in for instance from Helsingør over Frederikssund and Roskilde until Køge , partly continues to extend the group is defined some more.

history

environment of Copenhagen around 1888

in 12. Jh. at the Øresund a castle was established, which secure a small commercial port to Swedenshould. Also the settlement again-created with the castle kept the name Købmandens Havn ( “buyer port”) accordingly, which became then København. 1254 received the young Copenhagen from bishop Jakob Erlandsen its first municipal law, however it became 1369 as an unpleasant competitor the Hanse as well as the castle destroys.

But the development could not be stopped any longer: 1416 became the rebuilt city residence of the king, and 1443 took over her from Roskilde the capital function. In the first half 17. Century floweredCopenhagen under Christian IV. up.

Copenhagen experienced disasters, epidemics and wars again and again in its history. 1658 and 59 the city was besieged of Sweden, in 18. Jh. a third of the city dwellers died away, and after epidemic diseases 1728 as well as 1795 raged two city fires. In preventive impacts 1801 and 1807 fired at the Englishmen the capital of up to then neutral Denmark and arranged particularly by the major fire substantial damage released in the second attack. After the victory of the Englishmenif Copenhagen had to deliver all ships anchoring here, could recover however soon again from this defeat.

See in addition sea-battle of Copenhagen

Kopenhagen um 1895
Copenhagen around 1895

in 19. Jh. the city increased by influxes of the country so rapidly that the attachment plantsto be geschleift had.1848 forced public demonstrations in Copenhagen king Frederik VII. to reforms.

In the process 20. Jhs. the number of inhabitants sank temporarily, since many humans pulled into the suburbs. Between 1940 and 45 was Copenhagen of German troops occupied.

inhabitant development

development of the number of inhabitants (starting from 1980 1. January):

  • 1985 - 478,615
  • 1990 - 466,723
  • 1995 - 1999
  • - 491,082 2000
  • - 495,699 2003
  • - 501,289 2005
  • - 502,362

the city however little inhabitant has 471,300 contrary to other European capitals. That is simply because of the fact that Copenhagen made never large incorporations. Even the municipalityFrederiksberg, a municipality with 91.886 inhabitants by the Gemeindegebiet of Copenhagen is completely surrounded, did not become not in in common December. Storkøbenhavn (large Copenhagen, municipalities Copenhagen and Frederiksberg and Copenhagen office) comes on 1.212.485 inhabitants in the year 2004.

politics

"Nej til EF unionen, ja til norden!"
“Nej tilEF unions, til the north! “

Under the capital character, the messages and emissaries of 187 states are represented in Copenhagen.

culture and objects of interest

opera, ballet and play

the new opera of Copenhagen, Operaen, on the island cross-beams

the probably most well-known theatre of the city is the royal theatre (Kongelige Teater). The 1874 of established buildings 1748 created Etablissements are at the Kongens Nytorv (see buildings) and offer to 1,500 spectators place. Here become Operas and ballet performances dargeboten. Since 2005 a second, modern opera house is taped: the Operaen, for which on the island cross-beams is appropriate and likewise belonged to the Kongelige Teater.

In the Mermaid theatre (Mermaid Teater) all announced conceptions in English language are dargeboten. Thosearise to most well-known Danish actor however in the Ny-theatre .

museums

Botanischer Garten
Botani garden

of buildings

Die Meerjungfrau nach Hans Christian Andersen
the sea virgin after Hans's Christian Andersen one
the Kopenhagener city hall

landmark of the city is of the Brauer Carl Jacobsen in order given andto 24. August 1913 inaugurated, only 1.25 meters large small sea virgin (lille havfrue) of the Kopenhagener of sculptor Edvard Eriksen (*1876, † 1959). Eriksen had famous Primaballerina inches Price for the title figure of the fairy tale of Hans's Christian Andersen one the face of one at that time in Copenhagenand the body of his Mrs. Eline as collecting main uses.

In the following the most important objects of interest are described.

The Tivoli lain opposite by the main station is one of the oldest recreational parks of the world (the oldest, Dyrehavsbakken, lies in the north of the city). At the edge of theParks runs the HC Andersens one boulevard along, at which also the city hall is. It is decorated and between 1892 and 1905 in the style of the Italian and normannischen Renaissance was built with many sculptures. The city hall tower is with 113 mOf Denmark highest tower.

In the proximity is appropriate for the university (see education ) the pc. Petri church (sank Petri Kirke). It is since 1586 parish church of the German municipality and the oldest received church of Copenhagen. East the dear woman church closes (before FrueKirke) on.

North tower (round Tårn ) continues to be appropriate to the round. 209 m a long, stepless spiral course raised to this between 1637 and 42 built observation tower . The tower the Dreifaltigkeitskirche ( Trinitatis Kirke) follows. Here are also the shopping streets Strøget and Strædet. They form also over 1 km length one of the largest pedestrian precincts of Europe and are a popular shopping centre.

Börse und Schloss Christiansborg
Stock exchange and lock Christian-borrow

between the pedestrian precincts and the Inderhavn extends one of the most important tourist magnetsto the city, the lock Christian-borrow (Christian-borrow Slot). This building, which is since 1918 seat of the parliament, is in the place from bishop Absalon in the year of the 1167 built first castle of Copenhagen. The today's building with that 90 mhigh lock tower developed 1907 to 28. At the north side of the lock the 1826 completed klassizistische castle church ( Slotskirke) stand. Beside the lock is the royal library of Denmark, the national library. That follows the Kopenhagener stock exchange (Børsen).It is beside the lock Christian-borrows directly. The building of Renaissances developed between 1619 and 1640 and is with its 54 m high tower in the form of devoured Drachenschwänzen a further landmark of the city. Until 1974 the building served the originalPurpose as Kopenhagener stock exchange.

Across a channel the Børsbroen leads to the central bank and to the cross-beam church (Holmens Kirke ) from here on, which exactly opposite the stock exchange and the lock Christian-borrow lies. Them became in 17. Century builds. Of the stock exchangeleads also the Knippelsbro, an interesting balance bridge, across the Inderhavn after Amager. Over it one arrives also best at the Erlöserkirche lain in the quarter Christianshavn (before Frelsers Kirke). This baroque church from the years 1602 to 92 possesses thatwith 93 meters second highest tower of Copenhagen. It is landmark of the quarter Christianshavn and can over 1752 an added spiral stair be mounted.

one likewise outstanding object of interest is the Nyhavn. This road with the decorations Giebelhäusern on both sides the port arm of the same namecenter of the catering trade is in Copenhagen. More to it in the article Nyhavn.

Kongens Nytorv im Winter
Kongens Nytorv in the winter

at western end of the Nyhavns is the royal new market (Kongens Nytorv). Lead from this largest and most important place of the citystar shaped a good dozen of roads away. At the place with a fixed image Christians V., popularly also Hesten - the horse mentioned, are appropriate the royal theatre, the department store liking Asia you for north, the Thotts palace (1685) and thatin the years 1672 to 83 lock builds Charlottenborg. It accommodated today the academy of arts and is located in connection with the new art exhibition building.

A good piece northwest from the Kongens Nytorv to reach best by means of the Gothersgade is that Lock rose-borrow (rose-borrow Slot).
Rosenborg Slot
Rose-borrow to Slot
the 1607 to 1617 as summer residence for Christian IV. , by Dutch architecture if affected Renaissance lock builds, accommodates the Danish crowning jewels. Since 1833 it is a museum. The ivory throne with three silver lions is worth seeingand the gold crown Christians IV. verzierte with jewels. Opposite the lock the Botani garden with a greenhouse lies.

The Frederikskirche (Frederikskirken), also marble church mentioned, is one 1794 sketched by Nicolai Eigtved, 84 meters high place of worship with 45Meter of high, fresco-decorated dome, one of largest Europe and an image of the Peter cathedral in Rome. Only 140 years were finished after commencement of construction. On the inside one finds monuments of important church personalities, like Moses or Martin Luther. Directly besidethe church is the lock Amalienborg. The lock, in which the queen lives, was established 1749 to 1760 and consists of four facing palaces. In the center of the large, octagonal lock place (Amalienborg Plads) the rider fixed image Frederiks V. stands.Each noon at 12 o'clock here the awake separation of the guard takes place.

North of lock Amalienborg extends the castellet (Kastellet), a leftover of the old city attachment. Underneath the fortress barriers the promenade long line , those runs directly to the small sea virgin leads.

The Free State Christiania developed into the 1970ern to a HIPPI center. Until 2004 were the sales of soft drugs tacitly wait here. In the meantime one tore the Verkaufsbuden off and intensified police controls. Zurzeit becomes from national side a re-organization of theonce illegaly occupied barracks area considered.

The zoo tower is a 43.5 meter high observation tower in the zoo of Copenhagen. It was established 1905 and is one of the highest observation towers built from wood.

sport

Tivoli of Copenhagen

in Copenhagen are the following soccer associations of the Danish superleague at home:

as well as before the gates of the city in Brøndby:

  • Brøndby IF - DanishMaster 1985, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2005 Cup winners 1989, 1994, 1998, 2003, 2004

economics and infrastructure

the city center accommodates as in nearly every other European large city the service center, crafts enterprises and industrial plants (machine, Porcelain and textile mills), which, so far yet into other countries, were separated were not shifted to a large extent to the outskirts of a town.

traffic

the port
København H (Hauptbahnhof der Stadt)
København H (main station of the city)

railway and road

Copenhagen are despite itson the country referred peripheral location the most important traffic junction of Denmark. On the city both all important roads and railways approach star shaped. Over the bird airline Copenhagen is connected with Luebeck and Hamburg.

ÖPNV

Copenhagen and its suburbsbecome by rapid-transit railway - system (s-tog) opened, which has its center in the main station (hovedbanegården). The lines of the rapid-transit railway lead to Køge, Høje Taastrup, Ballerup, Farum, Hillerød and Klampenborg.

In addition the modern comes, to 19. October 2002 opened Metro Copenhagen, whose courses drive fully automatic and thus without operators. It runs from Vanløse in the west over Frederiksberg and the station Nørreport after Christianshavn, where it itself into a distance branch after Vestamager in the south andone after Lergravsparken in the southeast divides.

air traffic

in Kastrup is the international airport of Copenhagen, with direct connections after four world parts.

Öresund

the connection with Malmö becomes by ferries over the Øresund orthe new Öresundbrücke (since 2000) manufactured. Over these both railways and cars operate.

streetcar

of 22. October 1863 up to 22. April 1972 possessed Copenhagen a streetcar.

Citybike
Citybike

bicycle

the bicycle traffichas an important value in the city. In almost any road there are own cycle tracks and/or wheel driving strips, which are usually led separately from the roadway.

In addition there are von Frühling to autumn in the city center of Copenhagen altogether approx. 100Stations, at which one knows itself free of charge bicycles check-out counters. One receives this so-called Citybikes (Bycyklen) against a pledge from 20 crowns, which one puts in and gets back according to the trolley principle, if one the bicycle one of the stationsresets (see. also Helsinki town center Bike).

residents enterprise

Carlsberg-Brauerei
Carl mountain brewery

breweries, Tuborg considerable in Copenhagen the residents , and Carl mountain (in the meantime fused to Carl mountain the A/S), page their production enterprises out increasingly, partially until Jutland, whichby the bridge over the large Belt became possible. In addition shipping company A. sits in Copenhagen the world largest container. P. Møller Mærsk.

media

education

In Copenhagen and in the region it gives:

  • The university of Copenhagen (gegr. 1479);
  • the Danish royal library, which is national and university library at the same time;
  • the Niels bore institute;
  • the university for screen end art and architecture;
  • the Handelshochschule (Copenhagen BusinessSchool);
  • Of Denmark technical university;
  • the royal veterinary one and agricultural university (KVL) and
  • the IT-university Copenhagen (International Telecommunication Union, since 1999).

personalities

Hans Christian Andersen one - Jørgen Bentzon - Niels Viggo Bentzon - Andreas's Peter Berggreen - Rudolph Bergh - For Niels bore - Karen Blixen - Tycho Brahe - Carl Theodor Dreyer - Peder Gram - N.F.S. Grundtvig - Christian Frederik Hansen - Theophil Hansen - Ludvig getting mountain - Søren Kierkegaard - Christian God-dear scratching stone - Margarethe II. ofDenmark - Bertel Thorvaldsen

of sons and daughters of the city

see: List of the sons and daughters of the city Copenhagen.

Web on the left of


coordinates: 55° 40 ' N; 12° 34 ' O

Wiktionary: Copenhagen - word origin, synonyms and translations
Commons: København - pictures, videos and/or audio files
 

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