Kopti church

the koptische church (root related M. griech.: aígyptos) is a Christian old-eastern church of Egypt with approximately 10 million Gläubigen.

Table of contents

history of the koptisch orthodox church

the Koptisch orthodox church decreases/goes back on the alexandrinisch Egyptian Christianity of late ancient times. As founders of the koptischen church (also: alexandrinische church) applies (EH gelist) the Johannes Markus, for thatthe excessive quantity after in the 1. Century in Egypt lived and 68 n. Chr. in Alexandria as martyrs died. Increasing parts of the population of Egypt stepped up to 7. Century of the church with (the number of inhabitants amounted to approx. 18 millions; s. Almakrisi). Afterwardsthe development of the Christianity was obstructed by the Islamic conquest of Egypt. The koptische church uses 2 since that. Century apart from the Greek koptische language with Bible reading, prayer and lecture, since the Middle Ages predominantly as Sakralsprache. Today that becomesKopti only rarely as everyday life language used, but began some young Kopten in the last years to acquire itself this language as indications of their identity again.

As a result of the arguments around the council of Chalcedon 451 splitting that took place not chalcedonischen or old-eastern churches (among other things Jakobiten, Armenian, Kopten, Äthiopier) and the chalcedonischen churches (eastern churches, catholic churches) over the question of God-human nature Christi.

Designation of the chalcedonischen churches as Monophysiten, pullthe old-eastern churches the designation Miaphysiten forwards, and see themselves in refusal also of the actual monophysitischen teachings condemned by them. Around itself to the chalcedonischen churches to define it calls those “Dyophysiten”.

One on the occasion of the Konziles of Florenz to 4. February 1442 between the Roman-catholic church and the Kopti church closed union remained without consequences. 1741, 1895 and 1947 there was further union attempts of some Kopten with the Roman church, in their consequence it for the establishment university ores of a ägytischen churchHierarchy came.

a Pope manages theory and structure

of the koptischen church of the koptisch orthodox church . The Mönchtum possesses a long tradition and became by the holy Antonius (S. Antonius the large one, around 251 - 356)) andby Pachomios (around 292 - 346) justifies.

The Kopten rejects the theory of the Egyptian Eutyches in principle, in which human nature is quasi up-sucked of the göttlichen. Eutyches spoke of a vinegar drop in the midst of a sea. The dogma thatto that the Konzilien of Nicäa, of Konstantinopel corresponds to koptischen church and from Ephesus, on which the church fathers committed themselves unanimously over Christi nature. The Athanasi Glaubensbekenntnis attributed traditionally to Athanasius of Alexandria - meanwhile is proven,that this the author was not - by the koptischen church one uses. Therein it means: “(…) we believe only son, born from the father before all time, in the one Mr., Jesus Christ, God light of the light, true Godof the true God. (…) “

Jesus has according to the koptischen dogma a God-human nature, as fires and iron are united in a glowing piece of iron.

Pope Dioskorus, which contradicted Patriarch of Alexandria, which defended the orthodox faith on the council of Chalcedon 451,the separation of both nature Christi with the utterance:“I saw Christ crying about Lazarus death, therefore he is humans, I saw him, Lazarus from the dead ones up-arousing, therefore it is God. I saw it sleeping in the boat, therefore is heHumans, I saw it, whom satisfied storm, therefore are it God. (…) “

at the end each Liturgie speaks the priest the confession, by saying: (…) I believe that this is the life-donating body (…). It made it for one with its divinity withoutMixture, without Verquickung and without change. (…) In truth I believe that its divinity did not leave his mankind a moment long and not one instant.

spreading

Well-known Kopten

see also

to literature

  • A. Gerhards - H. Brakmann (Hrsg.): The koptische church. Kohl hammer, Stuttgart1994.ISBN 3-17-012343-2.

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