the cornet is a sheet metal wind instrument despite the trumpet-similar form and being correct situation due to its Mensur among the horn instruments is ranked. It is been correct , sometimes transponierend and mostly in b also into it.
table of contents
the name of the instrument leads itself from French cornet à pistons (“small valve horn”) off. It was designed for the first time around 1828 of Louis Antoine Halary, the inventor of the Ophiklëide. According to an older theory Halary is to have had the idea provide the German Posthorn with valves in order to be able to produce so a chromatic clay/tone row. Actual is cornet à pistons only an advancement of an earlier valveless variant (cornet), which in the French chasseur - regiments  took over the function of a signal horn.
Its enormous popularity won the cornet however only owing to the advancement by the Frenchman Gustave Augusts Besson. It received with only 18 years the patent to 1837 on its instrument, which exhibited all determining characteristics of the modern cornet and was superior to all contemporary models. The mark Besson exists to today as a component of The music Group.
Around 1850 a short, deep form of the cornet in England under the name became cornopean admits. The English form was equipped with three pumping valves and a trill flap for complete clay/tone trills. In addition it was a modular instrument with replaceable Umstimmbögen for As, G and F as well as mouthpiece being correct courses for B and A. Up to the First World War it was copied as cheap execution in France, however without the deep F-Aufsteckbogen.
A duplex variant of the cornet is that so-called. Echo cornet (also echo horn called), which possesses an inserted absorber. A special valve makes the immediate change between normal and absorbed sound for the instrument valleyists possible.
finds use the cornet today almost exclusively in blowing orchestras, Brass of volume and military chapels. The instrument is occasional in addition, in symphonischen works to find in particular in Roman countries and played in particular also in the early jazz music an important role (Louis Armstrong, Bix both hereditary corner, Rex Stewart).
The cornet is popular furthermore as school instrument for trumpet pupils, since the clay/tone responds more easily than with the trumpet and it is to be seized due to its more compact construction for children more easily.
differences to the trumpet
the similarity in building and play way makes easy a change between cornet and trumpet for advanced players, yet there are some important further differences apart from the characteristics already mentioned: by the more strongly conical formed acoustic horn, the more extensive turns of the tube and a mouthpiece, which have an edge and a deeper boiler thinner in the comparison to the trumpet, the cornet gets a softer, rounder clay/tone, which does not offer in reverse in addition, the dynamic possibilities of the trumpet and which playing very high notes makes more difficult.
roughening TSO lists
of the ITG - international Trumpet Guild - 2005 were predominantly published double CD with historical clay/tone documents (beginning 1899 to 1950) by roughening TSO lists: European Cornet and Trumpet Soloists. This unique documentation is based on the collection of Ernst W. Buser, the founder of the trumpet museum in bath Säckingen. 
1843-1906 Theodor high
1911-1986 George Swift
1849-1891 Hugo Türpe
see also: Wing horn