Korsika

Corse

Flagge der Region "Corse"

Wappen der Region "Corse"

Lage der Region "Corse" in Frankreich
base data
administrative seat Ajaccio
president of the regional advice Camille de Rocca Serra U.M.P.
Population

- entire 1999
- density

Rank of 25 of 26

260,196 inhabitants
30 Einwohner/km 2

surface

- entire
- Portion of France:

Rank 22 of 26

8680 km ²
1.4%

Départements Corse you south (2A);

Strike Corse (2B)

Arrondissements of 5
cantons 52
municipalities 360
ISO 3166-2 - code FR-H

Korsika is an island in the Mediterranean and a region of France. It is to that to the west of Italy, on the height Abruzzen, north the Italian island Sardinien and southeast the motherland.

Their korsischer name is Corsica, their French Corse [kɔʀs].

Korsika has at present (2004) 250,000 inhabitants, the capital of the region is Ajaccio (frz. [aʒakˈsjo] expressed,korsisch Aiacciu [aˈjaʧːu]). The earlier Département Korsika (number 20) reached the 1. January 1976 in two Départements divided (license numbers 2A (Ajaccio) and 2B (Bastia)). Already between 1793 and 1811 the island was arranged into two Départements (Golo andLiamone).

Table of contents

geography

Korsika lies between 43°01' and 41°22' northern latitude and 9°34' and 8°33' of eastern length. From the north (Cap Corse) to the south (Capo Pertusato) those measuresIsland 183 km, of the east (Alistro) to the west (Capo Rosso) 83 km. The surface amounts to approx. 8682 km ². Due to the numerous bays Korsika has one over 1000 km long coast. A third of it is beach, thatRemainder of rock coast. To large parts the island consists the east coast of high mountains, only possesses one maximally 10 km broad even strips.

The island lies in the Mediterranean, becomes in the north of the Liguri sea, in the east and the south of Tyrrheni sea and in the west of the western Mediterranean limits.

The distance to France (Nice) amounts to 180 km, the Italian mainland against it is only 83 km far away (Livorno) and the Italian island Sardinien at the road fromBonifacio in the south only 12 km.

The island is very gebirgig. About 86% of the island are mountain country and only 14% coastal low country. Korsika has an average height of 568 m (Sardinien: 344 m, Sicilies: 441 m). On Korsikarise up 50 Zweitausender into the sky. The highest mountain is the Monte Cinto with 2706 m, which is appropriate for only 25 km far away from the sea.

Developed Korsika like the alps in the Tertiary period. It consists to two thirds of a crystallineGranite base, particularly in the west. The east consists predominantly of slate, which formed from sea sediments, and of washing country.

The island is crossed by the Korsi railway with landschaftlich impressing railroad lines. The GR 20 along the main comb of the korsischenHigh mountains is considered as the most fastidious remote moving way of France.

cities

NASA satellite photograph Korsikas
map of the island
of the gulfs de Girolata with postage at the west coast

meaning cities (in parentheses in each case the korsische name):

  • Ajaccio (Aiacciu)… Capital of the section2A, birth city Napoleon
  • Bastia (Bastia)… Capital of the section 2B, important port
  • Bonifacio (Bunifaziu)… southernmost city Koriskas
  • Calvi (Calvi)… important port in the north, many tourists
  • Corte (Corti)… old capitalKorsikas in the center of the island
  • Sartène (Sartè)

further cities and localities:

the mountains in the sea

of the Cap Corse inThe north up to the Südzipfel becomes Korsika of a main comb pulled through. Directly from this main comb and/or. not far of it the highest mountains of the island rise:

mentioned are here still the schroffen rock towers of the Aiguilles de Bavella, who are called often also korsischen dolomites.

The main comb of the mountains becomes from altogetherfour passports crosses (Col de Bavella, Col de Verde, Col de Vergio, Col de Vizzavona), from those the Col de Vergio with 1470 m over NN the highest and the Col de Vizzavona (1163 m over NN) the busiestis. Further passport roads open the side from runners of the mountains in over 1000 m height. The mountains are opened on its whole length by the GR 20, to which as the most difficult moving way of France is considered.

climate

Klimadiagramm Bastia
climatic diagram Bastia

on Korsika prevailsa typical Mediterranean climate: Hot, dry summers and mild, damp winters. The Mediterranean works as heat accumulator in the winter. Due to the high mountains and strong hoist there are some deviations on Korsika however.

The amount of precipitation depends on the height. Toon 2000 m height is about four times as strong the precipitation as at the coast. Particularly in the summer the coastal regions are particularly drying. Summer thunderstorm castings let the rivers swell only briefly. Korsika has with approx. 2750 hours more sunshineas the French mainland.

At the coasts the temperature varies between 5 °C in the winter and to over 30 °C in the summer. Frost gives it rarely at the coasts. In the mountains it gives in the higher regions in the winter alsoSnow and closed Schneedecken. Also in the summer snow is still often to be seen on the high mountains.

hoist on Korsika

Windrichtungen im Jahresschnitt
wind directions in the yearly cut

the hoist most frequently blowing in the summer months:

North: Tramontana: coldly and drying;of beyond the alps
northwest: Muck ral (Maestrale): coldly and drying; clear view brings
northeast: Grecale: damp and stifling
east: Levante: warmly and damp; southeast is responsible for the dune formation and the emergence of the lagoons at
the east coast: Scirocco: damp and hot; southwest brings
thunderstorm towers: Libeccio (Libeccu): blows most frequently; moderately strongly; large variations in temperature; rain says ahead
west: Ponente: very rarely, hot

additional gives itself it also land and Seewinde, due to the differently strong dailytemporal heating upresulted in:

  • The Seebrise mezziornu (starting from 2 - 4 hours after sunrise)… reaches its high point between 13 - to 14 o'clock and 1 ends - 2 hours before sunset
  • the Landbrise terranu (blows at the night)… in the early morning hours,thus it is called, carries it the smell of the Macchia into the sea.

During a travel along the coast should one in the back of the head always have that the wind of cape on the other hand from different direction and in different strength blowcan. The steeply rising mountains cause particularly, where they ascend directly from the sea, a tremendous breaking return. With heavy lake achieves this return enormous extents and smoothes themselves only far outside on open ocean.

tides andWater levels

in the western Mediterranean arise tides in halfdaily distances. The Tidenhub at the coast Korsikas amounts to with Springtide 30 cm, with Nipptide 10 cm. Deviations between tomorrow and evening levels can amount to up to 10 cm. Hoist increase ordecrease, depending upon direction, the water level substantially.

Flora

see also: Mediterranean area under ecological system

Macchia

(the name Macchia comes from the Korsi word “mucchia”, which also means as much as “Dickicht” or in the political sense “resistance fighters”.Also the French word “maquis” is to descend from it.)

the Macchia is an evergreen shrub forest, which covers half of the island approximately. This type of vegetation is typical for the Mediterranean area, but on Korsika it is particularly sumptuous and common. The growth height lieswith approximately 2 to 5 meters. The plants have particularly small sheets or thorns, in order to keep the evaporation as small as possible. In the spring the Macchia in multicolored colors and an intensive smell erblüht leave the island also from the seasmell, already Napoleon Bonaparte said, it can recognize its homeland island already alone by it. The most common plants are Lavendel, broom, Zistrose, Myrte, tree heath and Erdbeerbaum.

Due to the good adjustment to the climate is it above allthe Macchia, which conquers burned country fast back. With such fires year by year many forest areas are lost. Since for the deletion of the fires also seawater from the sea is used, only the undemanding plants of the Macchia foot create itto seize.

Garigue

the Garigue is to be confounded easily with the Machia, however the plants reach usually only a height to 1 m and it are other plants to be found. On particularly thin soils are thoseKermeseiche, Montpellier Zistrose, kinds of wolf milk, brooms, Rosmarin, Thymian, Lavendel, Salbei and some tuber plants.

trees and cultivated plants

Korkeiche
cork oak

at most frequent represented rising are Laricio Kiefern (26%), stone oaks (22%), Seestrandkiefern (20%), beeches (18%) and cork oaks (5%).

Those Laricio Kiefer, also called korsische Schwarzkiefer (Pinus laricio corsicanus), can reach a height of up to 50 m and become old thousand years. Particularly in the high mountains she is to be found. It is undemanding and stands also rauere winters.

Those Edelkastanie covers a surface of 30.000 hectars in the area of the Castagniccia for instance. In former times the Esskastanien was the main source of food of the Korsen.

In the southeast, approximately around postage Vecchio and Figari the cork oak is very strongly common. All 10 to 20 years that can doTree to be peeled.

The Eukalyptusbaum was originally introduced on Korsika, in order to sell by its smell the Malariamücke. He did this then also, however by drying-putting swampy areas. The Eukalyptus becomes high up to 40 m, has a silveryCrust, which hangs usually in Fetzen on the trunk. The sheets are long and curved. They flow the Eukalyptus smell just like the fruits.

Further other typical Mediterranean plants are represented, like Zypressen, oil tree, Oleander, plane trees, acting like eyes and Dattelpalmen. Important cultivated plants are among other things Zitrus and fig trees, common grape vines, almond and Pfirsichbäume.

history

major item: History Korsikas

the korsische Urbevölkerung, hunter and collecting tank, became around 6.000 v. Chr. from immigrating Neolithikern of the Impresso culture displaces. In the souththe island developed about 3,000 v. Chr. a multi-phase Megalith culture (Filitosa), the also countless Menhire established and around 1.800 v. Chr. from the culture of the Torreanern, the Torren, nuraghenartige buildings of towers of own coinage was replaced established. Parts were Korsikas lastunder Greek (Alalia) and Roman (Aleria) rule. Also Vandalen, east Romans and Goten looked for the island home. After Korsika first the Roman Popes subject was, it belonged starting from 1300 to Genova. After rebellions of the population against the Genuesen 1755 became independence proclaimed. Before, to 15. , Korsische rebels the German adventurer baron Theodor von Neuhoff (1694 - 1756) in the monastery of Alesani made April 1736 in the Castagniccia their king. King Theodor I. from Korsika was the only king, whom Korsika had ever. Under guidance as a father of the nation (Babbu the A Patria) of the designated Pascal Paoli the Korsen created a democratic condition and a relatively progressive commonwealth. Thereupon Genova sold the island at France, that 1769 the korsischen troops in the battle with Ponte Nuovu defeated. Korsika actual apart from a short period during the French revolution, in which the island belonged to England - to today French national territory.

Historical map (over 1888)

Ajaccio on Korsika is the place of birth Napoléon Bonapartes, whose parents belonged to the low korsischen aristocracy. Korsika was at that time under French crew, and korsischen aristocrat was offered to accept French titles of nobility if they could completely prove their origin. Overto follow, its parents traveled to France and sent young Napoleon there to the school.

In the course 20. Century took place a constant immigration from mainland Frenchmen. Particularly after the Algeria war purposefully from Algeria refugee and fled Frenchmen (frz.“pieds noirs”) settled, so that the Korsen became the minority on the own island. At the same time the korsische language was extinguished purposefully by its banishing from school and public life, in order to destroy the korsische identity of the inhabitants.

On the islandthere is a movement for korsische independence since long time. The French government rejects these strictly, in the fear, it the French unit would threaten. Some supporters of korsischen independence try, by bomb attacks and murder the government toGrant of independence to force (see also:FLNC). In the year 2000 Prime Minister Lionel Jospin agreed in the context of the process of Matignon of a larger autonomy Korsikas in response to an end of the force. The Gaullist opposition stood inagainst the French national assembly, which feared that likewise other regions (Brittany , Provence , Elsass, etc.) would demand autonomy, and this in a fragmentation of France would end.

The suggested autonomy for Korsika became a larger protection that korsischen language (corsu), the traditional language of the island, contain. France rejects traditionally the use of regional languages or minority languages, since prevailing the French language is regarded as security for the existence of the French state. (see edictfrom Villers Cotterets) in July 2003 scarcely 51% the Korsen in a questioning were correct against the process of Matignon. Although this possessed no politically binding character, the French government respected the vote and stopped the further conversion of the project.The reasons for the failure are seen particularly in the reproach against Jospin, it legitimized the the same force exercised by parts by the negotiations with representatives of the movement of independence.

origin of the name

the name of the island Korsika or French Corse probably decreases/goes back to the phönizischen term Korsai , which means in approximately „with forests covered “. The Greek name for the island read Kyrnos (griech. Κύρνως).

the korsische coat of arms

Das korsische Wappen am Portal eines Tunnels der Chemins de fer de la Corse
the korsische coat of arms at the portala tunnel of the Chemins de more fer de la Corse

the korsische coat of arms shows a black man head with frizzy hair and white front volume. This coat of arms is actually a liberty symbol of the Korsen, however is not safe, who is represented. Even experts varybetween Mohr and brick. There are numerous legends around the emergence and meaning of the symbol.

After the legend kidnapped in 13. Century a maurischer ruler a young Korsin to Spain. Their korsischer fiance traveled afterwards, in order to release it,whereupon brick one his most courageous faithful ones against it into the fight sent. The Korse reduced however the Mauren the head and kept these high as indication of the triumph.

A further explanation beginning goes toward the reforms of Pascal Paoli: Similarly as with the neighbour island Sardinien originally showed the korsische coat of arms a carrot head with connected eyes. Pascal Paoli shifted binds toward forehead and removed also the Ohrring, because both was considered as indication of the slavery, from which the Korsen had freed itself by its reforms.

music

Paghjella is polyp-hone man singing of the traditional korsischen people music.
The middle voice carries the melody; second, deeper forms the company; third,highest sings the Koloratur.
In this tradition stands among other things the group of I Muvrini.

culinary

Freilaufende Schweine auf Korsika
unsolicited pigs on Korsika

Korsika possesses a very rich and usually deftige kitchen. A speciality are the unsolicited pigs, thoseof Kastanien, acorns and beech nuts to nourish and their meat then over Kastanienholz smokes itself.

  • Lonzu - in pepper rolled Schweinefilet
  • Coppa - smoked pig comb
  • Figatellu - liver sausage with herbs

cheese:

of beverages:

  • Kastanien and Myrtenbier

viticulture on Korsika

on Korsika large variety at wines one produces: Red wine, Rosé, weisswein, quietly and foaming, drying and sweetly. The relief as well as different soils are responsible for this variety. Vines become at a value ofapprox. 300 m cultivates. Traditionally one uses the Rebsorten Cinsaut, Carignan, Grenache, Ugni blank and Syrah. In the meantime Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Viognier, Merlot as well as Pinot Noir were added. The sorts Niellucciu have regional meaning, Sciaccarellu and Vermentinu. In Korsika there are 8 Weinbaugebiete of their wines the descriptor compulsory health insurance scheme to carry may. This Appellationen is

  • Cote orientale - compulsory health insurance scheme Vin de Corse: the east coast between Bastia and Solenzara. Hauptrebsorten: Niellucciu and Vermentinu
  • CapCorse - compulsory health insurance scheme Coteaux you Cap Corse: the schroffe rock peninsula north of Bastia, Hauptrebsorten: Niellucciu, Grenache, Malvoisie, Vermentinu, Muscatellu
  • Patrimonio - compulsory health insurance scheme Patrimonio: Area between Cap Corse and the Désert of the Agriates, schiefrige sand and clay soils, Hauptrebsorten: Nielluciu,Grenache, Vermentinu
  • Balagne - compulsory health insurance scheme Calvi Balagne: between Calvi and the Désert of the Agriates, sandige clay soils, Hauptrebsorten: Syrah, Sciaccarellu, Vermentinu, Ugni blank
  • Ajaccio - compulsory health insurance scheme Coteaux d'Ajaccio: West coast north of Sartène to Ajaccio, Hauptrebsorten: Sciaccarellu, Grenache, Verentinu
  • Sartène- Compulsory health insurance scheme Sartène: around Sartène in the southwest of Korsika, clay/tone and kieselhaltige soils, Hauptrebsorten: Niellucciu, Sciaccarellu, Barbarossa, Cinsault, Vermentinu
  • Figari - compulsory health insurance scheme Figari Pianottoli: South point Korsikas, Hauptrebsorten: Carcajolo, Barbarossa, Sciaccarellu, Malvoisie de Corse
  • postage Vecchio - compulsory health insurance scheme postage Vecchio: Areaum Porto-Vecchio, Granitböden, Hauptrebsorten: Niellucciu, Sciaccarellu, Malvoisie de Corse

tourism and economics

Korsika is opened relatively for little despite the ideal nature potential routistic so far. It is also feared by the korsischen population that a further development by the mass tourismthe self-sufficiency of the korsischen culture to endanger could. After korsischer tradition the beach is everywhere generally accessible; there are hardly larger hotel complexes (as in Mallorca or at the Turkish coast) or hotels with foreign owners.

In the year 1995 were 73%all tourists, who visited Korsika, mainland Frenchmen.

Particularly is Korsika likes with the bicycle - and to Motorradfahrern, not least because of the combination of mountain routes and view on the sea. The racing cycle drivers estimate the training effect of the fastidious passport roads at the island.The extensive remote moving way GR 20 with shorter climbing portions attracts numerous Wanderer. At the east coast there are numerous FKK Urlaubsanlagen and beaches south of Phare d´Alistro and south of postage Vecchio.

Despite the southern situation a ski enterprise can upright in the winterare received. Thus are at the Col de Vergio, as well as with skin Asco smaller skiing areas.

A genuine large-scale industry does not give it as at all on Korsika as well. The producing trade is essentially limited to agricultural products, Building and services. Most products manufactured on the island are sold on the spot to the tourists. This applies in the special measure to the domestic Taschenmesser, which are produced in tradition relating to crafts.

traffic

Typische Bergstraße
Typical mountain route
Autofähre von Corsica Ferries
car ferry of Corsica Ferries

traffic

the roads in Korsika are very different in their width and quality. In the rocky area of the west coast and in the mountains findsone partly much confines roads in the bad condition, which will drive on only from a car can. A driving on with live-mobile is not possible partly. The traffic conditions at the flat east coast are better. Between the larger cities it gives partly welldeveloped motorways.

rail traffic

the Chemins de more fer de la Corse (CFK) is the only railway company in Korsika and must therefore all infrastructures to themselves available make. Since there are only two lines, not completely Korsika can with the railwayare reached.

air traffic

Korsika has airports in the four most important cities:

important airlines, which approach Korsika:

maritime traffic and shipping

the driving ports Ajaccio, postage Vecchio, Propriano and Bonifacio serve south Korsika, during those in Bastia, Calvi and Ile Rousse the connection for north Korsika make available.

There are driving connections from Marseille, Nice and Toulon (France),Savona, Livorno, La Spezia, Piombino and postage San Stefano (Italy). On all lines car ferries are used.

Main shipping companies:

boat papers

of boats under German flag, which drive on French within and territorial waters, require the authorities as boat document the flag certificate Federal Office for sea-going vessel travel and Hydrographie. It is issued on request. Sail and engine yachts with moreas 15 m fuselage length must prove in France the entry into a naval register and this with the ship's certificate of registry to occupy be able.

boat driving licence

foreign boat leaders must in France the boat driving licence possess, which prescribed in the homeland for driving on comparable watersis. Charter boats, which are offered on the French binnenwasserstrassen, are throughout driving licence-free.

distances and true courses after Korsika

d'Agnello in Hintergrund die Insel Giraglia
d'Agnello in background the island Giraglia
Of - to Giraglia nautical miles course
Antibes 110 108°
Monaco 102 116°
San Remo 90 123°
Imperia 82 130°
Genova 86 166°
Rapallo 81 175°
La Spezia 70 198°
Livorno 50 232°
Capraia 18 275°
Portoferrairo 44 288°
Of - to Bastia nautical miles course
Capraia 24 220°
Mark IANA 34 258°
Giglio 70 289°
Montecristo 43 301°
By - to Vecchio nautical miles course
Marina di Campo 83 209°
Punta Ala 100 216°
Giannutri 90 224°

maritime radio fires (continuous)

Name frequent (kHz) identification range in sm position
Porquerolles 314.0 PQ 200 42°59,0 ' N, 6° 12.4 ' O
Genova 310.5 GV 130 44° 24.2 ' N, 8° 54.3 ' O
Livorno 298.0 left 130 43° 32.6 ' N, 10° 17.7 ' O
Capo ferrous 291.0 CF 130 41° 9.2 ' N, 9° 31.5 ' O
La Giraglia 305.0 GL 100 43° 1.6 ' N, 9° 24.4 ' O
La Revellata 295.0 check valves 100 42° 34.9 ' N, 8° 43.5 ' O

of weather forecasts

Küste zwischen Galeria - Golf von Porto
coast between Galeria - gulf of postage

into German

German wave: 6075 and 9545 kHz: 17:50 (Monday toFriday) 17:35 (Saturday) 17:10 Sunday and holidays)
radio Austria international: 6155, 13730 and 21490 kHz: 05:45 and 15:45 (Monday until Sunday)

in French

France inter: 162 kHz: 6: 55 (Monday - Friday) 10:05, 20:05 (Saturday, Sunday)
Ajaccio: 1404 kHz: 06:55, 10:05, 20:05(Monday - Sunday)
Bastia: 1494 kHz: 06: 55, 10:05, 20:05 (Monday - Sunday)
Marseille: 1906 and 3795 kHz: 06:33, 11:33 (Monday - Sunday)
Monte Carlo: 218 and 1466 kHz: 09:00, 20:00 (Monday - Sunday)


see also

literature

Web on the left of

Wiktionary: Korsika - word origin, synonyms and translations
Commons: Corse - pictures, videos and/or audio files



coordinates: 42° 9 ' N, 9° 5 ' O

 

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