Corvette

corvettes were at present the sailing boats unklassifizierte, small, fast warships with small depth.

Model of the French corvette Aconit

table of contents

4 modern trend corvette classes

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work on] contemporaneous in the middle 18. Century alsothe frigates. As the more economical alternative it usually with 10 - 24 cannons of smaller caliber equipped, had a water displacement of 400 - 600 tons, had three masts and were getakelt than Vollschiffe. From the size they are to be arranged underneath the frigate, hadbut with smaller sea endurance similar tasks. Contrary to the larger frigates the corvettes carried all cannons on the open Hauptdeck. There was no closed battery deck. Due to its speed and agility they were used as courier or clearing-up ships. The moreover one used itas cruisers. In sea-battles they served Tirailleure as, fighting in loose battle formation , or also as telegram boats. Many Freibeuter used corvettes.

20. Century

in 19. The classical type names (similar as today) lost century their old meaning, so that at the same time with the frigatealso the corvette as type disappeared. In 19. Century gave it still the armored loss corvette, an armored small war ship with small depth, which was conceived for the break-through of a blockade (for example a port). Otherwise the term disappeared.

Briefly before that 2. World war placedthe Royal Navy considerations on, as one can protect the commercial routes in case of a war against submarines. One of the results was the development of a small war ship on the basis whalers - of a draft. These ships were cheap and could also of small shipyards without experience inWarship building to be manufactured. The disadvantage of this draft was however a very low speed of 16 knots (a German submarine was on average over water 1-2 knots faster), the small armament, the outdated piston steam engine and the bad Seeigenschaften (according to crew “they rolled as on a wetMeadow ").

The traditional Royal Navy selected an old name for this new class, corvette. The individual ships of the first series were designated according to kinds of flower, which led to ship names such as HMS Petunia , HMS Pimpernell or HMS Crocus. These corvettes became as flow he class admit. Later followedSeries, their ships z. B. after castles were designated (Castle class). Actually the corvettes were rather meant for the safety device from escort courses near the coast, but the high sea-escort destroyer of the Hunt class sketched before the war was not suitable due to constructional defects for the North Atlantic. From this reason becameCorvettes with each season and each weather conditions used in the North Atlantic. The living conditions of the crew were extremely bad. Nevertheless the corvette worked as a submarine hunter, however it was useful only in areas, in which no danger of air raids existed. If a corvette was sunk, it mostly gaveno survivors.

With some Unterversionen more than one hundred pieces in Great Britain, Canada and France were built. The boats built in France fell the Germans into the hands and drove as escort boats at the war navy, so that the corvette on both sides fought. Those Royal Navy delivered many ships to allied one, thus to the exile-marine of Norway and Poland, which maintained the English names, at Canada and to the free France, which called the ships after the same plants in French.

The Aconit was one at Francehanded over corvettes of the flow he class. It sank at the 11. March 1943 with the defense of the convoy HX 228 two German Uboote (U 444 and U 432) and saved the survivors of the submarines as well as those of the British destroyer HMS Harvester sunk by U 432.After the war the ships were usually relatively fast discarded. Only once they were not built on durability and by the war worn out, then they had also become outdated. There is today only only one corvette from that 2. World war, the Canadian HMCS Sackville,after the war as Forschungschiff used was and survived in such a way.

today's corvettes

SAS Mendi F 148 (Valour class), in the Neustädter bay

after the war the type of the corvette disappeared just as fast, as it had come. Because of that more highlydeveloped and faster submarines became the submarine hunt again task of the destroyers and the frigates. In the last 20 years again ships are called corvettes. It concerns thereby, as smaller at sailing boat times war ships, which are larger than patrol boats or speedboats, but thanFrigates. So far corvettes were particularly attractive for the marine ones of developing countries and by German or Italian shipyards for the export were usually built.

The USSR built also some ships, which are classified of NATO as corvettes, but in the marine ones Warsaw Pactdifferently were classified.

In the last years the corvette became also attractively for other states, because the missile speedboat was ever more strongly threatened, needed one a small warship, which can defend itself better. Today's corvettes are nearly just as heavily armed as frigates, possess howeveronly slight abilities to submarine hunt. Besides from place and cost reasons without vertically a Launching system one does. Examples of it are Israel (Sa'ar 5, in the USA built), Poland (sketched by Blohm & Voss and built) and South Africa Valour class (likewise).

The probably most futuristic modern corvette is the Swedish Visby class, which as Stealth - ship was built.

However the risk is always given with a so small ship that it becomes “overloaded” with weapon systems. Above all the Israeli ships can carry normally only half of the intended weapon systems. The German navy leadsnow likewise the corvette K130 (Braunschweig class) newly as replacement for the speedboats.

However today's corvettes are partly larger than frigates and destroyers 2. World war.

modern trend corvette classes

    • Steregushtshij class (Russia)
    • Gepard/Tartastan class (Russia/Viet Nam)
    • Grisha class (Russia)
    • boron-AClets (Russia)
    • Tarantul class (Russia)
    • to Nanushka class (Russia)
    • swotting class (Russia)


see also: List of ship types, Sloop

 

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