an illness (synonymous: Illness, disease, Nosos) is a disturbance of the physical, cognitive and/or mental functions, which the efficiency or the well-being of an organism affects subjectively or inter+subjectively clearly perceptibly negatively or such an influence suggests.

In this rewriting attempt three levels are suggested, those with humans with “illness” and/or. “Are connected ill its”: the more or less objective, observable facts, the subjective condition and the social behavior expected following from it or. The transitions place a special definition difficultybetween healthy and ill. The social discussion around the demarcation from illness to the health is led in the professional world with terms such as Healthism , Disease Mongering and Medikalisierung.

Frequently “illness” is described with purpose definitions, which become necessary, if howin the health insurance right on substantial financial and social consequences one decides. The German Federal High Court defined to 21.3.1958: “Illness healed, i.e. each disturbance of the normal condition or the normal activity of the body. eliminated or gentle ore will can. “After onenewer formulation becomes in the ill and accident insurance under illness “a against the rules body or mental condition, which requires medical treatment and/or as a consequence has”, understood inability to work (BSGE 35, 10, 12 f.).

In the historical, sociological and regional comparison is the understanding ofIllness very differently (see.Disease concept, disease model). Absence of illness is a necessary, but not condition for health, sufficient according to WHO.

To table of contents


systematic organizationsand designations of the diseases are subjected to constant change (see.Would list historical descriptions of disease). The modern organization of the diseases in the medical disease model can take place roughly organ-referred after the main diagnostic's groups (MDC, major Diagnostic Categories). A more exact organization permits the international one Classification of the diseases ICD-10, and/or. for the onkologischen range according to the ICD-O.

One at the well-known or assumed causes oriented organization is after

with some diseases are not specific causes, but only factors of risk well-known. A mental-physical view and welfare way, with consideration of the emotional and social causes as well as the personality and the life fate of theThe Psychosomati medicine tries patients.

Outside of the so-called school medicine also different disease causes are accepted up to metaphysical connections.

With the social limitation of illness and disease processes as well as the national controlling of the health service the medicine sociology concerns itself.

disease process

of the illness precedes the disease apron , which is determined by the anamnesis. Illness leads - treats or untreatedly - to healing, Remission, a Rezidiv (or several Rezidiven), suffering or death.

Frequently used terms,those the course describe:

see also

list of the diseases, pathogen, Prävalenz, disease gain, illness as metaphor, hospital, Ethnomedizin, medicine history, pathology, clinical psychology


  • Karl Eduard Rothschuh: Concepts of the medicine in past and present. Hippokrates, Stuttgart 1978
  • Karl Eduard Rothschuh (Hrsg.): What is illness? Scientific book company, Darmstadt 1975
  • Hans's shepherd: The disease term.In: Manual of the social medicine, Hrsg.Maria Blohmke et al., Bd. III, Stuttgart 1976

Web on the left of

Wikiquote: Illness - quotations
Wiktionary: Illness - word origin, synonyms and translations
consider 7/2005 please the reference to health topics!

  > German to English > (Machine translated into English)