Circle funds

the circle funds was a district at the left Niederrhein in the governmental district Duesseldorf in North Rhine-Westphalia. It covered the southern area of the today's circle Kleve of Weeze in the north to Wachtendonk in the south with the city funds as administrative centre. It bordered on the kingdom of the Netherlands as well as on the circles at that time Kleve, Moers and Kempen Krefeld.

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with the resolutions of the Viennese of congress came the area of the circle funds - consisting of a part of the duchy funds from before-revolutionary time, which belonged since 1713 to Prussia - to the collection by France 1794 in the year 1815 Prussia. In the middle the western Kreisgrenze, at the same time the state border for the kingdom of the Netherlands was drawn in the distance for instance a cannon shot east the Maas (cannon line of fire) by an area grown together historically and a uniform population. This border is still current.


in the course of the Prussian organization of the administration became the circle funds to 23. April 1816 as one of over 40 districts of the province Jülich Kleve mountain, the later Rhine province newly formed. It belonged up to its dissolution 1822 to the governmental district Kleve, afterwards to the governmental district Duesseldorf.

1823 were already combined the circle Rhine mountain with the circle funds. This combination was cancelled however already 1857.

1863 became the railroad line Cologne - Krefeld - funds - Kleve (Linksniederrheini distance) however already opens and 1902 the Geldern circular path, at the 1. April 1932 was reset.

At the 11. November 1918 was occupied the circle funds by allied troops. To 10. January 1920 was divided with the Versailler contract the Rhine province in zones of occupation, the circle funds belonged to the Belgian zone of occupation. The last Belgians pulled to 31. January 1926 off.

1929 came it to a reduction of the circle in the south by delivery of the municipalities Hinsbeck and Leuth.

After end of the Second World War there were annex ion plans for the circle area, which represented however not the official position of the Netherlands and attained never further meaning on sides of the Netherlands also.

Federal Republic of Germany

at the 1. July 1969 became in the 1. Phase of the reorganisation in North Rhine-Westphalia the cities funds, Kevelaer and Straelen as well as the municipalities Kerken, Issum and Wachtendonk reorganized.

Since then the circle funds consisted of the municipalities

The 2. Reorganisation phase solved the circle funds at the 1. January 1975 up and combined it with the circle Kleve. At the same time from the circle Moers the municipality Rheurdt was integrated.

The public local passenger traffic served beside the course mainly the Niederrheini transporting enterprises AG.

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