under Kubismus one understands a style direction in the modern art, particularly in the painting, those at the beginning 20. Century their strongest development had. The Kubismus took oneTurning point in the painting and forms at the beginning of the abstract and not-material art.
The name „Kubismus “is a word creation of the art critic Louis Vauxcelles, which called the works Georges Braques 1908 „bizarreries cubiques “. The word Kubismus comes from Kubus, which means “cubes”. The Kubismus is occupied with the transition from gegenständlichen to abstract forms, for example ball, cones, cylinders or pyramid. 1907 and 1908 the first purely cubist works of Georges Braque developed independently and of Pablo Picasso, the Kubismus had his high point in the year 1914.
The Kubismus was a rebellion against the realistic painting late 19. and early 20. Century. Its central problem was the overcoming of the perspective, thosethe articles only from a point of view to seize is able. In contrast to this they tried to subdivide (analytic Kubismus) and a synthesis from different points of view create the article into different aspects (synthetic Kubismus). In the synthetic Kubismus (approximately starting from 1912) those strivePainter after the “dismantling” the “structure” of the article, however under keeping of the achieved liberty of the picture design. They develop now their pictures from few larger surfaces, with strict clear outlines and strengthen colors. By overlap of the surfaces andby knappe shade data suggest it to physicalness, without nevertheless smearing the impression of the bindingness of the articles to the two-dimensionality of the surface. [[Image: Prague Prague Kubismus (Cafe+Museum) (2005) .JPG|thumb|200px|Cubist Café and museum in Prague]] from the fact result that the articlesvery sharp-edged and splintered and only more or little purchase work to the realistic forms of the things have. This representation makes it possible however to regard these at the same time (simultaneously) from different points of view. Simultanität is therefore a motto of the Kubismus. Often appearsome picture parts transparency, whereby simultaneously several levels are visible.
In its central request touches itself the Kubismus with the simultaneous Futurismus, which wants to illustrate again different stages of the movement at the same time. Also the Kubismus is a dynamic aspect that Reality own.
The representatives of the Kubismus felt the strong stress of light and color effects in the works of this time as sentimental. In response they tried to approach the articles strictly analytically. Particularly put the work of the early Kubismusmore value on stylistic idiom than on coloredness. Therefore they are usually in erdigen, weak, gräulichen colours held.
Kubisten and artistswith cubist works
- Pablo Picasso (1881 - 1973), “bottle, glass and violin “, 1913
- Georges Braque (1882 - 1963), “bottle and newspaper”, 1911
- Lyonel Feininger (1871 - 1956)
- Juan Gris (1887 - 1927), “the breakfast”, 1915
- Josef Čapek (1887 - 1945)
- Lew Alexandrowitsch Jewess (1903 - 1941)
- Francis Picabia (1879 - 1953)
the classification of Cézanne is among art historiansdisputed. It belonged to the models of the Kubisten, is however in this style to be arranged and did not even represent also not their later goals.
- Marcel Duchamp painted first cubist (e.g. Act, stairs down-rising), felt then however the Kubismusas too close and no longer up-to-date, and the concept art invented.
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