Culture capital of Europe
of the titles culture capital of Europe (1999 ago: Culture city of Europe, starting from 2005: European culture capital) is led annually by at least a European city. Temporarily the title is granted also two to cities.
The suggestion to designate annually a European culture (head) city originally came from the former Greek culture Departments Melina Mercouri. Under German presidency (1999) the procedure on European level regulated by the resolution 1419/1999/EG of the European parliament and the advice of 25. May 1999 over the mechanism of a community action for the promotion of the meeting “culture capital of Europe” for the years 2005 to 2019 (Official Journal of the EEC, S. L 166/1). Afterwards the advice lends the title on recommendation of the European commission, that must consider the statement of the European parliament. Since 1985 are lent continuously in each case the title for one year.
In the appropriate year numerous cultural meetings take place in the “culture capitals”. The cities expect from carrying this title for one year a increased attention and numerous visitors.
Table of contents
in each case an European Union member state may suggest a city, which is then appointed on recommendation of the European Union commission from the advice to the culture capital after a fixed order.
At present negotiate the advice of the European Union culture Ministers with the European parliament about a suggestion of the European commission about how the new European Union member states are referred into the action. Starting from 2009 the European Union states which were added again are such at the program sharings, when in each case two culture capitals are then appointed. Commission and advice agreed already on a list from countries to 2018. Place ever one of the past 15 European Union states and one of the ten extension states one of the two culture capitals. Starting from 2019 there is to be annually again only a European capital of the culture, whereby up to then probably further states will join the European Union (Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia, possibly Turkey). The regulation is not yet locking, because the European parliament penetrates to modify the contracting method. In particular it is not to be possible in the future any longer, instead of nominating several only one city (so Greece in case of of Patras for the year 2006). After the vote of the parliament are of 2009 to at least in each case two cities by the state to be designated, in order to open to the European jury options.
German applications for 2010
for the title culture capital of Europe 2010 originally applied many German cities.
- Görlitz , resound to Augsburg
- and Bamberg
- , Braunschweig
- , Bremen
- joke mountain and
- the Ruhr district (community application of several cities under the guidance of meals), http://www.kulturhauptstadt-europas.de/
under the cities Cologne, Münster (Westphalia) and meal, which went for North-Rhine/Westphalia into running, was selected meals as a representative for further selecting. As Bavarian applicants received Regensburg the preference/advantage before Augsburg and Bamberg.
In March 2005 meals and Görlitz were selected by a jury. The choice was confirmed by the Upper House of Parliament.
At the 11. April 2006 communicated the European Union jury the decision for meals and the Ruhr district as culture capital 2010.
Hungarian applicants for 2010
- Budapest - http://deutsch.budapest.hu/engine.aspx?page=bp2010#A2
- Debrecen - http://www.debrecen.hu/page.php?c=1251
- Eger - http://www.eger.hu/
- Győr - http://www.kultinf.gyor.hu/
- Pécs (five-churches) - http://www.pecs.hu/ - winner
- Szeged - http://www.szegedportal.hu/
list of the culture capitals of Europe
- 1985: Athens (Greece)
- 1986: Florenz (Italy)
- 1987: Amsterdam (the Netherlands)
- 1988: Berlin (Germany)
- 1989: Paris (France)
- 1990: Glasgow (Great Britain)
- 1991: Dublin (Ireland)
- 1992: Madrid (Spain)
- 1993: Antwerp (Belgium)
- 1994: Lisbon (Portugal)
- 1995: Luxembourg (Luxembourg)
- 1996: Copenhagen (Denmark)
- 1997: Thessaloníki (Greece)
- 1998: Stockholm (Sweden)
- 1999: Weimar (Germany)
- 2000: Avignon (France), mountains (Norway), Bologna (Italy), Brussels (Belgium), Helsinki (Finland) (“knowledge, technology and future”), Krakau (Poland), Prague (Tschechien) (“cultural inheritance”), Reykjavík (Iceland) (“culture and nature”), Santiago de Compostela (Spain) (“Europe and the world”)
- 2001: Postage (Portugal) - Rotterdam (the Netherlands)
- 2002: Salamanca (Spain) - Brügge (“Brügge plus”) (Belgium)
- 2003: Graz (“GrazZweitausenddrei”) (Austria)
- 2004: Lille (France) - Genova (Italy)
- 2005: Cork (Ireland)
- 2006: Patras (Greece)
- 2007: Luxembourg (Luxembourg) - Sibiu (Hermannstadt) (Romania)
- 2008: Liverpool (Great Britain) - Stavanger (Norway)
- 2009: Linz (Austria) - Vilnius (Lithuania)
- 2010: Meal (representative of the Ruhr district) (Germany) - Pécs (Hungary) - Istanbul (Turkey) (representative from a country outside of the European Union)
- 2011: (Finland) - (Estonia)
- 2012: (Portugal) - (Slovenia)
- 2013: (France) - (Slowakei)
- 2014: (Sweden) - (Latvia)
- 2015: (Belgium) - (Tschechien)
- 2016: (Spain) - (Poland)
- 2017: (Denmark) - (Cyprus)
- 2018: (The Netherlands) - (Malta)
- 2019: (Italy)
- to the Kulturhaupstadt Berlin 1988
- print of the Lower House of Berlin No. 10/1473 of 2. April 1987 over “conceptional guidelines and program planning for Berlin as culture city of Europe 1988”.
- Print of the Lower House of Berlin No. 10/1670 of 29. August 1987 over “program for Berlin as culture city of Europe 1988”.
- Berlin - culture city of Europe 1988. Given change on behalf the senator for cultural affairs by Lorenz Tomerius, Berlin 1988 (ISBN 3-548-34483-6).
- Berlin - culture city of Europe 1988. Documentation. Given change on behalf the senator for cultural affairs by Lorenz Tomerius, Berlin 1989 (ISBN 3-548-34635-9).
Web on the left of
- current side: http://www.welterbestaetten.de/de/kulturstaedte.htm
- network of the culture (head) cities of Europe: http://www.eccm.net/
- information portal to the culture capital of Europe 2010: http://www.kultur2010.de/
- European culture cities in Germany and Hungary: http://www.kulturstaedte-2010.de/
- German culture advice: http://www.deutscher-kulturrat.de/