Briefly George Kiesinger

briefly George Kiesinger (* 6. April 1904 in Ebingen, Württemberg; † 9. March 1988 in Tübingen - quake living) was a German politician (CDU), from 1958 to 1966 Prime Minister of Baden-Wuerttemberg, of 1966 to 1969 Federal Chancellors of the Federal Republic of Germany and from 1967 to 1971 of Federal leaders of the CDU.

Table of contents

lives

childhood

Kiesingers father Christian was Evangelist commercial employees and. George Kiesinger was however catholic baptized briefly, since its nut/mother was catholic Domenika. It dieda half year after the birth of the son. Kiesinger was coined/shaped therefore by both denominations and called themselves later gladly than “Evangelist catholics”. After attendance of the material High School it completed the catholic teacher seminar in Rottweil.

To 1945

Kiesinger Tübingen studied history and philosophy and stepped there into the student connection K.St.V. starting from 1925 first at the Eberhard Karl university. Alamannia (KV). It already changed 1926 to Berlin, in order to study on the right of and political sciences. InBerlin became it member of the student connection K.St.V Askania Burgundia (KV).1931 it locked its study. To Kiesingers it belongs to actions than student, criticized later that far parts of its citizens of Berlin Korporation on the way were in „the third realm “and itthis way reserved not observed, but when Korporationsführer along-answered for codesigned and by its executive committee activity as an assessor in the Philistervorstand since 1930. After the following thesis Kiesinger in the capital worked as an attorney. 1933 it became member of the NSDAP. Starting from 1940it was active under Ribbentrop in the realm State Department and rose there up to the deputy department manager for propaganda to (among other things it was responsible for the connection to the realm propaganda Ministry of Joseph Goebbels), which was accused to it later apart from the NSDAP membership (slap of Beate clear field). For the first time it was relieved by minutes of the Central Reich Security Office of the SS from the mirror - archives, in which it means, Kiesinger had restrained and had prevented anti-Jewish actions during its activity in the broadcast-political department.

1945 to 1958

from 1945 to 1946 sat Kiesinger in detention in the internment camp Ludwigsburg. 1946 he became director/conductor of a Repetitoriums for law students at the University of peppering castle and 1947 honorary national managing director of the CDU Württemberg Hohenzollern. In the year 1948 it becameby a arbitration board court completely relieves, afterwards it began an activity as an attorney in Tübingen and peppering castle.

From 1949 to 19. February 1959 and from 1969 to 1980 was Kiesinger member of the German Bundestag. It represented in itsfirst legislative periods the constituency Ravensburg, in which it obtained record results of over 70% in each case, starting from 1969 the constituency forest hat. In the first two legislative periods he was a chairman of the mediation committee of Bundestag and Bundesrat. To 19. October 1950 receivedKiesinger with the choice to the President of the Bundestag 55 voices against its party friend Hermann Ehlers (201 voices), although he had not been even suggested. Of 17. December 1954 up to 29. January 1959 he was a chairman of the committee of the Bundestag for foreign affairs.

Kiesingercaptivated by his shining feature and his rednerische gift. In the large parliamentary speech battles around the Adenauers' foreign policy in the 50's Kiesinger Adenauer was best weapon. It was one the star speaker of the Bundestag. Its battles of words with the likewise talk-turnedFritz Erler of the SPD wrote parliament history. Adenauer did not make Kiesinger however the Minister. This was one of the reasons, why he went to 1958 as an Prime Minister to Stuttgart.

1954 to 1957 were Kiesinger of chairmen of the German parliamentary society registered association. Of 1. July 1956 up to 19. March 1958 it functioned also as a member of the European parliament. In addition it was there simultaneous from 1955 to 1959 vice-president of the parliamentary meeting of the Council of Europe, 1957/58 leader of the parliamentary group of the EVP - parliamentary group, and in thatparliamentary meeting of the WEU 1956 to 1958 of chairmen of the parliamentary group of the Christian democrats and British conservative ones.

Prime Minister 1958 to 1966

of 17. December 1958 up to 30. November 1966 he was an Prime Minister of Baden-Wuerttemberg as a successorby Gebhard Mueller. As a university University of (Konstanz, Ulm) Kiesinger entered national history. In addition it contributed 1952 of created country Baden-Wuerttemberg substantially to the internal stabilization of the young, only. Already at that time, in the years 1950/1951, as around thoseEstablishment of the “southwest state” with hard bandages was fought, was Kiesinger a decided and crucial Vorkämpfer of the new country, which was formed from three Nachkriegesländern in the German southwest. Like that it was logical that Kiesinger of 1958 successors of Prime Minister Dr.Gebhard Muellerbecame, which went as a president to the Federal Constitutional Court to Karlsruhe. Until 1960 Kiesinger stated a coalition from CDU, SPD, FDP DVP and BHE , from 1960 to 1966 a CDU FDP coalition. In its characteristic as an Prime Minister it was of 1. November 1962 up to 31. October 1963 Upper House of Parliament president. After Kiesingers choice to the Federal Chancellor 1966, became the Minister of the Interior at that time Dr. Hans Filbinger new head of the government in Stuttgart.

Federal Chancellor 1966 to 1969

as successors of Ludwig Erhard becameit at the 1. December of 1966 Federal Chancellors of the first large coalition (until 1969) on federal level, it kept seen thereby 340 of the 447 voices of the parliamentary groups of a coalition and thus with 68,5 per cent of the 496 delegates that proportionally best result of all chancellor elections to that Post-war period. Konrad Adenauer rejected the candidate because of „penetration ability lacking “. During nominating by the CDU/CSU party it succeeded only in the third ballot against Federal Minister of Foreign Affairs at that time Gerhard Schröder and the CDU/CSU party chairman Rainer Barzel . President of the Bundestag Dr. Eugen Gerstenmaierin favor of Kiesingers had done without. The new Federal Chancellor won fast large popularity in the population. Kiesinger the called “chieftain silver tongue” was considered particularly as a speaker, who took up numerous literary allusions and beautiful-mental high-altitude flights to its speeches. Within the large coalition,as contradictory characters as Willy Brandt, Franz Josef bunch, harsh ore Wehner or Karl Schiller in a cabinet united, Kiesinger was particularly demanded as „a changing mediation committee “. The internal coalition round “Kressbronner circle”, designated after the city Kressbronn at the Bodensee,the climate maintained between the coalition eras.

Kiesinger created it that the government did not only hold despite internal Reibereien, but also nearly all announced projects in the three years of its term of office to convert could. Among them so disputed were and for many yearsproject contested like the emergency acts. Only the planned introduction of the Mehrheitswahlrechtes for the elections to the Bundestag - as a goal of it already in the governmental declaration to 13. December 1966 mentioned - failed because of internal diversities of opinion within both coalition partners (the SPD hadthis coalition goal affirmatively, however fast the joy in it lost) when checking the allocation of seats following from it.

As actual “Macher” the leaders of the parliamentary group Helmut Schmidt ( SPD) and Rainer Barzel (CDU/CSU) were considered to the government. Star in the public were beside the chancellorthe Ministers Karl Schiller and Franz Josef bunch (“Plisch and Plum”), which created it to reorganize the household and to bring the economic situation again on. Unnoticed by the public to a large extent, Willy Brandt in the lee of the chancellor prepared its future East politics forwards. 1968 delivered Kiesinger before the Bundestag the first report for the situation of the nation in divided Germany and justified thereby a tradition, which held up to the reunification 1990.

1967 became the chancellor also party chairman of the CDU (until 1971). The election to the Bundestag 1969 brought a heavy disappointment for Kiesinger. The CDU/CSU had become again strongest Kraft (46.1%) and missed only scarcely the absolute majority (the right-wing extremist NPD had crucial voices with 4,3% of the CDU taken away), butWinner was the SPD (42.7%), which could educate a new government together with the FDP (5.8%). Kiesinger tried still to hold the FDP from the education of the social liberals coalition by wanting her with a long-term arrangement seals, thosealso a warranty against any changes of right to vote contained should. When this strategy failed and the FDP a coalition with the SPD died, it showed disappointed and announced themselves, which will try CDU to out-catapult in the future from all land days “this party thoseas key figure in the Federal Republic works now. “As Kiesinger 1969 the chancellor shank at Willy Brandt to deliver had, was its term of office with scarcely three years the shortest all past Federal Chancellors. CDU/CSU had for the first time in the history of the Federal Republic into thoseOpposition, a time, which should last thirteen years.

after 1969

1971 George Kiesinger was replaced briefly as a CDU Federal leader von Rainer Barzel. 1972 it justified the constructional motion of no confidence of the Union faction in the Bundestag against Willy Brandt. On it the following constructional vote of no confidence against Brandt with the goal of selecting the CDU chairman at that time Rainer Barzel to the chancellor remained without success. Two voices were missing to Barzel to chancellor shank (as one today white, had the public security of the GDR thereby their hand in the play). Inthe respected legislative period (1976 - 1980) Kiesinger was after his party friends Ludwig Erhard and Johann Baptist Gradl an third-oldest delegate of the federal daily. Afterwards the honorary chairman of the CDU from the policy withdrew himself. From the planned memoirs becameonly the first part (until 1958) finished (“darken and brighten years”). The important time as Prime Minister and Federal Chancellors is missing. After his death at the age of nearly 84 years George Kiesinger in Stuttgart with a Requiem in the cathedral church became shortPc. Eberhard and an act of state at the lock place honoured. Its last Ruhestätte found the third Federal Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany in Tübingen.

publications

  • briefly George Kiesinger: Swabian childhood. Tübingen 1964
  • briefly George Kiesinger: The position of theParliamentarian in our time. Stuttgart 1981
  • briefly George Kiesinger: Darken and brighten years: Memories 1904 - 1958. Stuttgart 1989

literature

  • Günter book staff, Philipp gas ore, Peter Thaddäus long (Hrsg.): Briefly George Kiesinger 1904-1988. Of Ebingen inChancellorship. Herder publishing house, Freiburg 2005, ISBN 3-451-23006-2
  • Philipp gas ore: Briefly George Kiesinger 1904-1988. Chancellor between the times. DVA, Munich 2006, ISBN 3-421-05824-5
  • Klaus Günther: The chancellor change in the Federal Republic. Adenauer - Erhard - Kiesinger. an analysis to the problemder intraparteilichen De-Nominierung des Kanzlers und der Nominierung eines Kanzlerkandidaten am Beispiel des Streits um Adenauers und Erhards Nachfolge. Hanover 1970
  • Otto Rundel: Briefly George Kiesinger. Its life and its political working. Kohl hammer publishing house, Stuttgart 2006, ISBN 3-17-019341-4

see also

Web on the left of

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