|coat of arms||map|
assistance to coat of arms
|Land of the Federal Republic:||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|geographical situation:|| |
Coordinates: 51° 13 ′ N, 07° 38 ′ O 51° 13 ′ N, 07° 38 ′ O
|height:||232-539 m and. NN|
|surface:||86.73 km ²|
|population density:||926 inhabitants for each km ²|
|postal zip codes:||58507-58515|
|municipality key:||05 9 62 032|
of the city administration:
| Town hall square 2|
|mayor:||Dieter Dzewas (SPD)|
load-separate is a large one city circle-belonging in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany and lies in the north of the sour country. From 1907 to 1968 load-separates circle-free city was, thereafter district town of the circle load-separates. Since 1975 are Load-separate district town and seat of the Kreistages of the Märki circle.
Table of contents
load-separate lies in the northwest sour country, geographically seen in to flatten, westsouthwesteastnortheastarranged Lüdenscheider hollow with its core range in the source hollow of the Rahmede and the Wasserscheide between Lenne and Volme, which traverse the city from northwest to southeast.The “hollow” evident if one load-separate from the Homert (539m) in the south or in the north from the radar area (500m) with large-turningseparate regarded.
As mountain city appears e.g. load-separate to the visitors from the valleys. bring Altena or Werdohl closer from direction.On the average is load-separate on approximately 400 M. “Higher mountains than over load-separate gives it north only again in Norway and west beyond the Atlantiks in Canada. “
the underground Lüdenscheids is DEVO niches of origin and thusover 350 millions Years old. In Grauwacke and clay strata one finds frequently petrified castings of shells and sea-lilies the sour country was at that time bottom of the sea. In the recent earth antiquity (Paläozoikum) then the Variszi mountains unfolded themselves , that from central France to Upper Silesia was enough. The Lüdenscheider area is the remainder of a high surface of this mountains and still lay due to demolitions before 225 millions Years about 400 m below than today. Only in recent earth-history time, before 65-1,6 millions Years in Tertiarily the today's height developed with an elevation process. Formed since that time the rich relief brooks, rivers and several ice ages.
expansion of the city
- 13.0 km north south
- 11.7 km east west
- 54.6 km length of the city boundary
In the west:
in the north:
in the east:
in the south:
(after statistic districts, in parenthesesthe number of inhabitants, conditions 2003)
the Lüdenscheider elevator climate is coined/shaped Atlantic. Due to the prevailing western hoist, the relatively large amounts of precipitation and the moderate temperatures. July is with on the average 16,1° the warmest and January with -0,4°Celsius the coldest month. The middle yearly temperature is with 7,8°. By the ram effect of the relief with the western hoists rainbringing the amounts of precipitation are substantial. In the annual average of 1293 litres per square meter.
- Steinzeit first traces of the settlement upthe today's Lüdenscheider city go back into the Steinzeit. They occupy a at least brief settlement.
- 9. Century: First proven settlement
- 1114: Building of castles by Heinrich V. against Cologne archbishop the Friedrich I. of black castle
- 1268: First referenceon the town foundation by count Engelbert I. of the Mark
- of 1287: First municipal law document
- 1425: Oldest market privilege
- 15. and 16. Century: Member of the Hanse
- 1609: Load-separate comes (together with Kleve Marks) at Brandenburg and Pfalz Neuburg
- 1723: Sixthand last city fire
- 1807 - 1813: Load-separate belonged to the Grand Duchy of mountain
- 1815: Part the province Westphalia and thus under Prussian administration
- 1898: Beginning of the production (pre-assembly) of the Zeppelin airships in load-separate (in the factory Commerzienrath of Carl mountain)
- 1907: Load-separate becomes circle-free city
- 1944: Parts of the combustion chamber of the A4, (“V2” - rocket) , provided with the information “top secret”, in load-separate manufactured.
- 1945 became in the course of war final phase crimes Soviet Gestapo - prisoners in the work educating camp Hunswinkel, exekutiert. Also LüdenscheiderCitizens fell these crimes to the victim. Briefly before end of war three soldiers were murdered because of desertion. The last atrocity (shooting civilians the Hermann Masalski because of “defätistischer expressions”) happened few hours before invasion of the US troops.
- 1968/1969: Load-separate and that Circle Altena united to the circle load-separate. Load-separate becomes officially district town, Altena keeps however the seat of the Kreistages. Dissolution of the office load-separate and incorporation of the municipality office-belonging loading separating country into the city load-separate
- 1975: Load-separate becomes district town inagain-created Märki circle, in an educated manner essentially from the old circles Iserlohn and load-separate and the up to then circle-free city Iserlohn.
- 40.1% Evangelist
- 22.7% Roman-catholic
- 37.2% other
¹ 1.January 1969 local reorganisation
LL: Lüdenscheider list,
AFL: Alternative ones for load-separate
conditions: Local election 2004
- 1946: Willi citizen, (SPD)
- 1946: Smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Hueck, (CDU)
- 1947 - 1948: Ernst Mehlich, (CDU)
- 1948 - 1952: Willy hoping master, (CDU)
- 1952 - 1953: Walter Kimmig, (SPD)
- 1953 - 1961: August bolting man, (SPD)
- 1961 - 1964: Karl Diemer, (FDP)
- 1964 - 1975: Erwin withered one, (SPD)
- 1975 - 1994: Jürgen Dietrich (CDU)
- 1994 - 1999: Lisa Seuster, (1987-1998 MdB) (SPD)
- 1999 - 2004: Friedrich Karl Schmidt (CDU)
- 2004 - today: Dieter Dzewas (SPD)
(to1968 mayors, there load-separate circle-free)
partnerships between cities
under the aspect of the people communication is particularly the city load-separate already early with local level international partnerships dealt.
To these six cities there are partnerships:
- Calderdale/Brighouse, Great Britain, since 1950/1983
- the Helder, There are the Netherlands,
- since 1980 lion, Belgium,
- since 1987 Myslenice, Poland,
- since 1989 the Romilly sur Seine, France,
- since 1991 Taganrog, Russia,
since 1991 of far ones a sponsorship:
- City and circle Kłodzko, Poland (German Glatz)
- placed with his concise architecture is appropriate for objects of interest [work on] in the middle in the city centre, and in a green environment, it borders nevertheless directly on the city garden. Few steps far away is also the contemplative old part of town alsotheir small romantic lanes and places. Several gastronomische enterprises as well as the purchase zone William route are likewise equivalent next door. In the context of the play plan the cultural center offers among other things musical, ballet, operas, Operetten, play, concerts and a broad small art program.
- The stage mice
- the Theaterbühne“The stage mice “of the CVJM loading separating west e. V. 1983 were based. With a comedy per year a firm component of the Lüdenscheider culture scene. Those approx. 20 performances in load-separate are so far always, in shortest time, completely including the auxiliary dates written off. ForCompany or private celebrations is to be likewise booked the stage mice, and with appearances between Graz (Austria), Stuttgart, pouring, Borkum or Wyk on Föhr the stage mice are well-known over the borders Lüdenscheids outside.
- Lüdenscheider old part of town stage registered association.
- The Lüdenscheider old part of town stage registered association.is inLayman theatre with approx. 30 performances per year (Saturday and Sundays). A piece per season (Octobers until May) is played in each case, usually boulevard comedies or crime films. The conceptions are regularly sell off, the advance booking start in each case in October and January.
- Old printering,Free small art stage registered association.
- Cultural events of all kinds.
- Bremecker hammer
- the forging museum Bremecker hammer, at the upper run of the verses, is an iron-historical museum. At this original location regularly forging days are organized.
- Phänomenta load-separate
- the Phänomenta is firstand only Science center in North Rhine-Westphalia. Over 120 interactive experimentation stations touching invites desired” to scientific discoveries and demands activity by the visitors, forbidden instead of “affecting” applies “.
- the Erlöserkirche is the oldest churchLüdenscheids. It and/or. their Vorgängerin was mentioned documentary for the first time in the year 1067. The tower of the Erlöserkirche is probably the oldest received building of the city and probably as military tower of the castle too load-separates established. Today still the visible occupy thisDefenses in the tower.
- Christ church
- 1902 was inaugurated the Christ church after two and a half-year old construction period. In it 1200 humans place find. It is thereby the second Evangelist church in load-separates after the Erlöserkirche and the largest in the Märki circle. Since 1980 that standsBuilding under monument protection.
- Pc. Josef and Medardus church
- pc. Josef and Medardus is catholic parish church for load-separate. Sketched of architect Arnold gulden Pfennig.
- Lock new yard
- the surge tank new yard belonged to that art-historically and city-historically outstanding architectural monuments of the city load-separate. Itarranged lock plant one in the style of the time, which belongs to the most valuable buildings of baroque in the Märki sour country, concerns. To the lock in the year 1326 one refers for the first time documentary.
- in the protected area Stilleking are inNature area Märki upper country very rare habitats become among other things larger heath surfaces posed under protection. For the nature area smaller beech forests and brook-accompanying Erlenwälder are particularly characteristic. The area offers a suitable habitat to several rare animal and plant types become.
- the mountain Homertthe highest collection is in the Lüdenscheider city with 539 m. On the Homert established observation tower makes a far view possible over the sour country to to the borders of the Ruhr district. On traffic-free ways are possibilities for expanded recovery seed walksand migrations.
- Verse dam
- in the southeast of the Lüdenscheider Stadgebietes, landschaftlich verse dam lain particularly delightfully loads to walks and migrations in. It was taken 1951 in enterprise and has a surface of 183 hectars. Their building 1929 to 1952 becameduring the time of the Nationalsozialismuses of prisoners of the work educating camp Hunswinkel assigned.
- red white load-separate
- the well-known soccer association red white load-separate plays to time in the federation league Westphalia, group 2. It went 1971 out of a fusion of the sport friends 08 and of theRSV high out. The association was from 1977 to 1981 in the 2. Federal league north represent. In 1972 built stadium Nattenberg in the southwest of the city is played.
- MC 62 load-separate
- the MC 62 load-separate is well-known miniature a gulf associationin the last years with German championships usually under the first ten places to find was.
- city celebration (in September) since 1976
- light routes (every two years in the autumn)
- night flight (volume play in different bars andLocal one)
- the Potthucke is a typical potato court from the sour country, literally means it: “which squats in the pot”. It is more filled with Metz sausage bits potato-accumulates and becomes gladly in informal round with brown breadeaten. A cool fresh Pils and afterwards still another liquor, because the Potthucke is a very deftige affair.
- Lüdenscheider Krüstchen
- a Krüstchen (colloquial for bread edge) is a small court, that usually at least from one with a fried eggsmall shred on a disk rye bread or Toastbrot überbackenen exists.
to economics and infrastructure
see also category: Enterprise (load-separate)
- shrub hunter GmbH
- the shrub hunters GmbH belongs to the ABB group. Shrub hunter is Market leader for electrical and building services engineering in Germany and exports into over 60 countries world-wide.
- Eduard Hueck GmbH & cost. Kg
- the Eduard Hueck GmbH & cost. Kg is a producer and offerer of aluminum profile systems and aluminum profiles. Also over 600 coworkers is it one of the largest employers in load-separate.
- ERCO lights GmbH
- the ERCO lights GmbH forms as a world-wide active manufacturer of architecture lighting an important component of the character of load-separates as “city of the light”. At the location load-separate employs ERCO approx. 800 coworkers.
- Leopold Kostal GmbH & cost. Kg
- the Leopold Kostal GmbH & cost. Kg busily in load-separate over 2000 coworkers and world-wide over 10000. Thus it is the largest enterprise of the district town. Kostal develops and produces mechatronische products for the automobile industry.
- Screws Betzer GmbH & cost. Kg
- the screws Betzer GmbH & cost. Kg is a producer of cold shaped parts and special screws, usually for the automobile and electrical industry. With approx. 65 coworkers is it a typical enterprise in load-separate, traditionally wire verabereitet.
- They by load-separate GmbH & cost. Kg
- they by load-separate GmbH & cost. Kg is a manufacturer for toy miniatures made of plastics and metal (usually vehicles). Those world-wide well-known mark SIKU is produced of they by. Joke detention becomes SIKU in load-separates as Europelargest automaker designates.
- load-separate is tied up by three connection points to A 45 (“sour land line”) and by B 229 and B 54 to the German freeway net.
- 13.9 km federal motorway
- 20.3 km federal highways
- 62.4 km highways
- 265.2 km local roads
- 220 km of moving ways
- load-separate possesses two stations, one at the edge of the city center, the second in the quarter Brügge. Thus is load-separate direct and by a binding to the Volmetalstrecke over Hagen to Dortmund with the internationalRailway system connected. Those about five km long distance of Brügge into the city center is with an upward gradient of 2,8% one of the steepest secondary lines of Germany.
- the airport Dortmund is 50 km far away. Attainable in approx. 40 minutes with the passenger car.
- With something over 100 km and about one hour travel time with the passenger car the airports Cologne/Bonn, Duesseldorf and Münster /Osnabrück are attainable.
- The airport Frankfurt A. M. 170 km are distant. Attainable in approx. 110 minutes with the passenger car.
- ÖPNV- Exist
- to road many local and regional bus connections to all neighbour cities and places. The city belongs to the traffic community Ruhr lip , their tariff exactly the same in the penalties of the Märki public transport company GmbH (MVG) and those the bus traffic Ruhr victory (brs) as also inthe Volmetalbahn applies.
- - The “Volmetalbahn “would seem wrongly hourly. The German course operates this line since that 12. December 2004 again over its subsidiary regional course Westphalia (RBE). From 1999 to 2004 the Dortmund Märki railway GmbH (DME) had thatEnterprise of the distance taken over, came however during the renewed advertisement no longer to the course. The DME was a community project of the Dortmunder of public utilities (DSW) and the Märki public transport company (MVG).
- 47.4% forest
- 22.4% agriculture
- 18.1% building/yard
- 7.3% public roads/way/places
- 2.3% water
- 2.5% other
- total area 86.73 km ²
- Radio MK, has its seat in Iserlohn and sends for the Märki circle
those Public library load-separate and/or. its Vorgängerin the “public library of the city load-separate” became to 10. May 1857 open and is thus the oldest public library in West Germany.
the district court load-separate is for load-separate, Halver and Schalksmühle, in Family things beyond that also responsibly for the municipalities Kierspe and Meinerzhagen. The handels and Genossenschaftsregister for the court district with the district court Iserlohn is led, for reminding and insolvency procedure is responsible the district court Hagen. In the building of the district court load-separate holds that Labor court Iserlohn court days off.
hospitals and Krankenhilfe
- clinical center load-separate (academic training hospital of the University of Bonn with 979 beds, under it paediatric clinic with 74Beds)
- hospital for sport-hurt (306 beds)
- mountain country hospital (specialized clinic for Gynäkologie and birth assistance with 50 beds)
- house Spielwigge (special hospital for addicted men with 40 beds)
- house Hellersen - Karl Wessel GmbH & CO, (open psychiatric long-term mechanism with 241 beds)
- primary schools
- it gives 15 primary schools in load-separates
- open complete tag primary school release brook
- primary school beer tree
- GGS Pestalozzi
- beautiful-hits a corner to primary school
- west school
- scarce school
- Hermann Gmeiner primary school
- primary school Brüninghausen
- hauptschule city park
- hauptschule Wefelshohl
- Albert Schweitzer school
- six-form high schools
- Richard Schirrmann six-form high school
- Theodor Heuss six-form high school
- free one Christian six-form high school
- High Schools
- mountain city High School
- brothers and sisters Scholl High School
- Zeppelin High School
- comprehensive school
- Adolf Reichwein comprehensive school
- special schools
- peace school, school for learn-obstructed
- Michael end school, urban school for patient
- other one schools
- evening High School load-separate
- free one Christian one schools (reason, main and six-form high school)
- school for occupations of nursing for the sick of the Märki hospitals GmbH
- Berufskolleg for technology
see also Category: Person (load-separate)
- 1971 Erwin withered ones († 28. May 1989)
- Erwin withered one was active in the time of the national socialism in the resistance against this regime. 1964-1975 mayors of the city.
- 2004 Jürgen Dietrich
- Jürgen Dietrich was mayor of many years thatCity (1975-1994) and is honorary chairman of the CDU local union load-separates.
sons and daughters of the city
- Herwig Blankertz (* 22. September 1927; † 26. August 1983)
- Wolfgang Büld (* 4. September 1952)
- in load-separate born film director Wolfgang Büld turned among other things the films “Manta Manta” and “give gas I wants fun”. Büld operates its own film production in London since 2002.
- Werner Kowalski (* 28.December 1901; † 1. July 1943 in France)
- in load-separate born Werner Kowalski was a prominent functionary of the KPD in the resistance against the national socialism. 1943 he was shot of the Gestapo in France.
- Martin Gustav Nottebohm (* 12.November 1817; † 29. October 1882)
- in load-separate born Martin Gustav Nottebohm lived later than music scientists and composer in Vienna and became a well-known Beethoven researcher.
- Gustav Selve (* 28. February 1842; † 7. November 1909)
- in Lüdenscheid Peddensiepen the born Gustav Selve was one the most important industrial magnates of Germany. It is also considered as a Wegbereiter of the modern social security.
- Hans Zacher (* 22. November 1912; † 5. August 2003)
- in load-separate born Dipl.Ing. Hans Zacher developed the standard for the determination of flight characteristics.In load-separate, where it locked the school with the Abitur, made it afterwards fitter teachings.
- Nuri Şahin (* 5. September 1988)
- in load-separate born Nuri Sahin is a Turkish football player, that in Germany buildup. Since 2001 it plays for Borussia Dortmund. The talentierte midfield player is youngest federal league Debütant of all times.
personalities, those worked locally
- William field man (* 29. March 1896; † 24. December 1962 in load-separate)
- 1948-1961 informed Dr. rer. nat. William field man toLüdenscheider Zeppelin High School. He was a German mathematician and became famous by the field man function designated after him.
- Wilfried Lieck (*29. October 1945 in Aalborg (Denmark))
- in load-separate resident Wilfried Lieck is a successful German table tennis player. 1970 for the first time it becameGerman master. He achieved this title again in the years 1972, 1973, 1975 and 1976.
in load-separate certified vehicles received up to 31. December 1974 a KFZ characteristic beginning with LOADED, up to 31. March 1980the Kfz characteristic LS read. It stood for S for L üden cheid. 1980 were then changed on MK as abbreviation for M of ärkischer K rice. Some vehicles with old characteristics (LÜD/LS) exist however further. There are country widely fan combinations rarelybecome KFZ characteristics for the receipt of these vehicles.
- 51% female
- 49% male
- 16.2% foreign
- Dietmar Simon: Workers' movement in the province: social conflicts and socialist policy in load-separate in 19. and 20. Century. Meal, 1995. ISBN 3-88474-282-5
Web on the left of
|Commons: Load-separate - pictures, videos and/or audio files|