Load-cut (Namibia)

Load-cut, Namibia
district: Karas
geographical situation: 26,64°S, 15,15°O
surface: xxx km ²
inhabitants: 20.000
population density: xx inhabitant for each km ²
time belt: South African standard time: UTC+1
based: 1883
mayors: E Amupewa
Straße durchs Diamantensperrgebiet vor Lüderitz
road by the diamond restricted area forwards load-cut
Lüderitz mit Felsenkirche im Hintergrund
load-cut with rock churchin the background
view on load-cut from the rock church from
Goerke house
cutting self-service all hall with rock church and Goerke house in the background
mountain route

load-cut is fishery and sea port city at the Atlantic coast of Namibia as well as district town of the constituency of the same name (53.063 km ²) in the namibischen region Karas. Load-cut is after thatBuyer Adolf load-cut designated and has about 20,000 inhabitants (conditions 2005).

Table of contents

history

the Portuguese sailor Bartolomëu Diaz landed 1487 as first Europeans in the neighbouring more southern bay. Before itfurther-apply, established he traditionally a stone cross with coats of arms to (Diaz POINT). The original cross („Padrão”) was strongly eroded and 1929 by a copied cross was replaced. Nearly unrecognizable the original become is issued in the museum in Capetown.

That of Bremen tobacconist Adolf load-cut landed 1883 in thatAngra Pequena bay (late loading cutting bay). By its coworker and partner Heinrich bird-sang acted it to the Orlam - chieftain Josef Frederiks approx. 300 km long and 150 km deep land piece off, in order to establish on it a commercial post. The chieftain received 100 gold Pound as well as 250 rifles. Load-cutacquired as worthlessly outstanding country, because it expected to find here Bodenschätze. Its extensive and very expensive search for it however remained unsuccessful. Load-cut came into economic distress and had his extensive Landbesitz 1885 to the German colonization and administration company for colonies for southwest Africa to sell. A very modestAscent experienced the small place load-cuts only 1904 with the stationing here of the colonial force soldiers necessary in the fight against the insurgent Nama (Namakrieg). In this time made load-cut much „negative headlines” because of the concentration camp established before the coast on the shark fish island (Namibia). Here becamein the Namakrieg taken Orlam and Nama with its families catch interned. From approximately 2,000 arrested that survived, due to the there dominant hygenic and weather conditions, only approx. 450 master member. The camp was only closed on energetic urge of the German mission acres active in the country andin the interior shifts.

Only for a long time after the death of load-cut - it remained verschollen since 1886 on an investigation route to the Oranje - 1908 in the area diamond were discovered, what led to a brief boom. With the building of a narrow-gauge railway the black worker discovered Zacharias Lewelaa diamond, when it was busy straight section blown with shovel work in one of dunes. It brought it to the course master August tosses, which together with upper engineer Sönke Nissen thereupon acquired the prospecting licenses in this area, which made both millionaires. The actualFinder did not get anything. In the future developed load-cut to a flourishing commercial port. To that increasingly industrially operated diamond dismantling, those with it in the country flowing luck knight and building of the diamond settlement Kolmanskuppe brought also for load-cut a steep ascent to one expressed wealthy city with itself.

Off 1920 however lost load-cut at meaning, since profitable diamond dismantling had continued to shift ever to the south. And in their surrounding field some boat shipyards were established a modest fishing industry. Far still some smaller Teppichwebereien existed, because in the south from German southwest the sheep breed with some success becameoperated. But otherwise load-cuts nothing had to offer, which could here have held the inhabitants, so that a similar fate seemed to threaten the once as wealthy city as Kolmanskuppe.

With the discovery of Erdgasvorkommen before the coast (Kudu natural gas field) end 20. Century germinated howevernew hopes for load-cut. The moreover economic using seized with load-cut into large quantities of washed ashore driving property into the eye:Sea-grass; from this very desired excerpts for the food and Kosmetikindustrie can be won. In addition at the same time a promising oyster breed settled itself on in load-cuts. On the occasion ofthe 100-Jahr-Feier of the place 1983 the numerous, well, were restored received buildings from the colonial age so that load-cut also optically won and again was able to attract tourists. The out and new building of the port did a remaining, so that with the jobs also young humans into thatPlace came. In the year 2000 opened tourist center „Waterfront” is a further indication of after load-cuts returning optimism and lets for the future again hope.

population and economics

the total population of load-cut has itself from approx. 2,000 inhabitants into the 1970erYears on nevertheless approx. 5.800 in the year 2001 more than doubles.

Although still diamonds are diminishedoffshore” direction Oranjemund, the economy concentrates on fishing and tourism. Particularly the catch of Langusten, which are exported among other things to Spain and Japan,a certain meaning has. However had, due to substantial overfishing of waters by foreign catch fleets, which are decreased catch quotas. Germany supports Namibia, by making a monitoring ship available in this situation.

To reach again worth seeing the city become is by airplane (starting from Windhoek or Capetown),or by car. The tar route, which crosses the diamond restricted area which was because of the coast, fatigued over long distances, but becomes about 120 km forwards load-cuts - with the small place out be worth-worth, because one here, with something luck, on the left the road thosesagenumwobenen desert horses to see can.

A special Skurrilität can experience the driver after fast travel on this tar route, with which usually a strong transverse wind drives the Namibwüstensand near the surface over the road - its front characteristic, possibly also the headlight sight glas, is gesandstrahlt, thus no longer readably and/or.the glasses are milchig aufgeraut.

objects of interest

the city is to be admired in typically German art nouveau of the Kaiser era. Among the most important buildings rank for example:

  • the Goerke house (1909 - 1911), which in former times the seat of municipal authorities was, it originally became asPalace for the expected attendance of the Crown Prince builds
  • the cape HP hotel (Kapps concert and ballroom)
  • those lutherisch Evangelist rock church (1912) in addition with the Diamatenberg
  • lying behind the Woermannhaus of the shipping company of the same name in

the port route worth seeing in load-cuts is the small Lüderitzer museum with exhibits to historythe city and that animal and Pfanzenwelt in the environment and those approx. 10 km outside of lying spirit city Kolmanskuppe, which around 1910 for some weeks, owing to enrich diamond occurrence, which was wealthiest city of the world. A further - natural - object of interest is the bizarre coastal situationthe city, Shark Iceland (shark fish island) and the landscape approximately around „the Diaz POINT”.

Most taverns close very timely. The hotel to the restricted area contains the only tavern, which opened to midnight. Here one speaks mostly German.

literature

  • cosmos nature travel guide- Southern Africa, T. Barlow and. W. Wisniewski, Frankh cosmos, 1998 ISBN 3-440-07665-2

Web on the left of


coordinates: 26° 38 ' 52 " S, 15° 9 ' 28 " O


 

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