The LaPo is in each Land of the Federal Republic the largest police federation. She is generally understood as the police.
The police of the countries (land police) exists again contrary to the police of the federation (federal police, police at the German Bundestag, Bundeskriminalamt and the military police of the German Federal Armed Forces).
A police force consists of the security police (with water protection police, traffic police, motorway police) and the Kriminalpolizei. The demarcation of the individual ranges is different. In some Lands of the Federal Republic the water protection police is organizational clearly separated from the security police. The traffic police and the motorway police are in some Lands of the Federal Republic also part of the general security police and not particularly organized separate only its own department within an organisation area. Perhaps the Kriminalpolizei is assigned also directly to the state criminal police agency, in other Lands of the Federal Republic exists this separately and is responsible only for central tasks of the Kriminalpolizei.
Highest service authority of a police force is the ministry of the Interior of a Land of the Federal Republic or the interior authority of a city state.
Details are in the police organization laws and/or. in the police regulations of the countries or in the federal police regulation.
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direct the ministry of the Interior subordinated is the police force presidency, which represents a department in the ministry of the Interior. The police force presidency is led by the police force president. The inspector of the police as highest-ranking more university-formed and the Landeskriminaldirektor stands for it to the side as highest-ranking Kriminalbeamter. The inspector of the police is a deputy of the police force president. The ministry of the Interior the district administrations are subordinate as police force managements (range execution police) and police force authorities (general police) (responsibly for a governmental district in each case, governmental districts are: Stuttgart, Karlsruhe, Tübingen and Freiburg), police headquarters Stuttgart (responsible for the urban area Stuttgart) and the auxiliary police presidency. Besides the state criminal police agency with seat in Stuttgart exists.
The district administrations are police headquarters (seat in the district towns and service district in each case the land or urban area), which police headquarters of police stations, water protection police act ions and motorway police stations nachgeordet. The police posts, the water protection police act ions the water protection police posts are subordinate to the police stations. In the urban area, in the urban area Karlsruhe and in the district Karlsruhe police headquarters are furnished Mannheim in place of the managements. The Kriminalpolizei has its seat at police headquarters, under certain conditions can at the police stations Kriminalaussenstellen be furnished
police headquarters Stuttgart is subordinate the security police inspections with districts and posts and a water protection police station (Neckarhafen) and the Kriminalpolizeiinspektionen with departments, as well as the helicopter relay attached.
into the 1970er years gave it in Mannheim and Stuttgart a city police apart from the police force. The city police Stuttgart was put under state control as last local constabulary.
Up to the administrative reform (the entry into force at the 1. January 2005) gave it those to the police force presidency subordinate police force managements Stuttgart I (today RP Stuttgart), Stuttgart II (today PP Stuttgart), Karlsruhe, Tübingen and Freiburg (today in the RP eingegeliedert). This been subordinate like today police headquarters with districts, posts and Kriminalaussenstellen. Additionally the restaurant control service was furnished at police headquarters, which was responsible for food monitoring and industrial safety. Its tasks are taken over now by the city and districts.
With the water protection police the water protection police management (Mannheim) was directly the police force presidency subordinate. The water protection police was divided into sections (with the Wasserschutzpolizeinspektionen Bodensee, Neckar and Rhine), districts (water protection police act ions) and posts. The stations and post were integrated police headquarters subordinate, the management into the district administration Karlsruhe.
Besides it gave still to the police force managements being subordinate motorway police headquarters, which motorway police stations were subordinate. The managements were dissolved and the districts to police headquarters were subordinated.
the Bavarian police force is the police force of the Bavarian police. It covers seven surface presidencies: police headquarters Upper Bavaria, police headquarters Munich, police headquarters Lower Bavaria/Upper Palatinate (NOPF), police headquarters Upper Franconia, police headquarters middle Franconia, police headquarters Lower Franconia and police headquarters Swabia.
in today's Berlin stood to 8. May 1945 the Soviet army. In accordance with the agreement met in Jalta Berlin was gedrittelt. The eastern third remained Soviet occupied and fell up to the 3. October 1990 into the history of the GDR. The western two thirds of Berlin were gedrittelt again and went ever to same parts to the British, the French and the US-American Besatzer, in order to experience then, up to the establishment of the Federal Republic of Germany own in each case police stories. After the establishment of the Bunsdesrepublik Germany the police of the three western zones of occupation was united into land Land Berlin inside.
Because of the grounding for Germans over Berlin up to the 3. October 1990 did not give it also at the West-Berliner police to 1990 aircraft.
8 handed themselves Brandenburg in the today's Brandenburg to. May 1945 Soviet and US-American soldiers the hand. By the contract of Jalta Brandenburg fell into the Soviet zone of occupation and experienced up to the 3. October 1990 (police) the history of the GDR.
the British stood for Bremen in today's Bremen at the end of war. In Bremerhaven the USA had formed a military bridgehead. Bremen is the only split Land of the Federal Republic. There is no connection from the city Bremen to the city Bremerhaven, which does not lead by Lower Saxony. With the establishment of the national police therefore already very early (and in the British interest) the movements and powers that were contractually regulated of Bremen police between Bremen and Bremerhaven.
stood for Hamburg in Hamburg to. May 1945 British soldiers. The island new work is attainable the enclave of the Land of the Federal Republic Hamburg and only on the way by Lower Saxony, or the Elbe down there, on the border between Schleswig-Holstein and Lower Saxony. Because of the mainly hamburgischen goal of the Elbnutzer and the enclave new work, with the establishment of the land police the powers that were very fast contractually regulated Hamburg police on that of Lower Saxony/schleswig more holsteiner “border river ” Elbe between the border to GDR and the North Sea.
Highest service gentleman of the police in Hamburg is the Senator of the Interiors, with the restriction of the “foreignassigned” Weisungsbefungnis by the public prosecutor's office to the Kriminalpolizei. As in e.g. Schleswig-Holstein also, was the Kriminalpolizei another authority, than the police became and only by several Lanespolizeistrukturreformen more closely merged with the police. A third police authority represented the water protection police, who merged also only by structural reforms with the police. But still, the police applicant must already decide in his application, before beginning of training whether he would like to complete its service in the water protection, protection or for the Kriminalpolizei.
the amerikanisierte conversion of the uniforms 2005 is an idea implemented by the former Senator of the Interiors Ronald Schill and represents country widely a suggestion, how the new, European blue uniform could look.
The colors at the vehicles were changed over in Hamburg directly by green white to blue silver. First blue-silver vehicles went into Hamburg 2002 into the police service.
also if in the today's Mecklenburg British and Soviet soldiers to the end of war the hand handed themselves, by the contract of Jalta fell it (with Ausname of a small point of land in the southwest) to the Soviet army. The small Südwestzipfel remained British and experienced up to the 3. October 1990 the history of Schleswig-Holstein, in order to then belong by popular vote also further to Schleswig-Holstein.
the range south the northeast ship canal was British occupied to the end of war. The range north the northeast ship canal was German to the end of war. By Jalta Schleswig-Holstein to British crew power and a small eastern Zipfel fell to the Soviets. After that 3. October 1990 went this Zipfel through popular vote back at Schleswig-Holstein.
The police in Schleswig-Holstein knows no more local police since 1933. Set up after the war the police two-sow-lie, as Kriminalpolizei and security police of the country. Although by two large police force structural reforms the Kriminalpolizei and the security police were merged with one another, today still each applicant must decide from the beginning either for crime film aluminum or the security police. The Kriminalpolizeidienst was open to women already since establishment of the police force. Female protection policemen are only permitted since beginning/in the middle of the 1980er in Schleswig Holstein. The security police in the country Schleswig Holstein is subdivided after activities in traffic, readiness, environmental, water protection police.
Organizational there are to police and Kriminalpolizeidirektionen as highest police units and police act ions (often not all day occupied sowing suffering addresses of übergeordnetten police stations) as lowest authority. Highest service gentleman is only and alone the Minister of the Interior of the country.
Somewhat differently behaves with the Kriminalpolizei. Supervision of service has the Minister of the Interior, the code of criminal procedure required however a technical subordination under the instruction-authorized public prosecutor's offices.
Depending upon hierarchy are the superordinate authorities instruction. In certain constellations also instructions are conceivable by state lawyers.
in Schleswig Holstein has to meet the applicant the selection between security police or Kriminalpolizeidienst. The LKA (state criminal police agency) is its own authority of the country, which is however not the police force provided under or superordinate. The applicant can change therefore later only under certain conditions between security police and Kriminalpolizeidienst, a change to the LKA or from the LKA into the police force service is only very with difficulty feasible.
The middle one and elevation service (crime film aluminum) of the police are trained in the police force school Schleswig Holstein in Eutin, whereby (crime film aluminum) the policemen its special training planned for certain specialist areas also except with the police (like e.g. the “Brandermittler” in the national fire-brigade school) or in their later agencies receive.
In the training as higher service (crime film aluminum) the police officers become and - woman officials the police command and staff academy after Münster in north Rhine westpale sand removing.
The training as (crime film aluminum) the police service in Schleswig Holstein (middle and elevated service) lasts three and a half year. The applicant to the higher (crime film aluminum) police service must show a completed study and presses, depending upon final use, 2 to 3 years the school bench.
For the career as a political civil servant there is no vocational conditions and no training. Political officials are appointed by their Ministers and should be determined, do not have however not according to technical suitability.
with the establishment of the police force became the dark-blue uniforms again lightgreen and received the Polizeifahrzeuge white, instead of so far black wheel housings.
With the federal standardization of the police uniforms and - vehicles into the 1970ern at the vehicles and the light Green uniform against the beige-green uniform was darkgreen through lightgreen replaced was exchanged.
Momentarily the police force changes over again from the beige-green uniform to a blue uniform, as it is already carried in Hamburg. The conversion is financed over the dress accounts of the individual officials, who have 2009 time up to the year to procure itself a set of the new uniform. Also new official vehicles are pasted now with blue foils. These vehicles will lead the letter sequence “sports club” instead of the local identification in the characteristic for “Schleswig-Holstein” before the three-rope the number reserved in Schleswig-Holstein for police and law.
The conversion of green white to green silver began 2002. Since 2004 the first blue-silver vehicles are in Schleswig-Holstein in the police service.
although sports club a surface country is not, has the police in Schleswig-Holstein aircraft. In the past one availed oneself in legal assistance of the “flier location” of the federal police in hard cross-beam, which followed the “course of the border” with the German-German reunification and the European Union extension towards the east. For a procurement of helicopters Schleswig Holstein the money is missing. In the get-getting one bacon belts of Hamburg with that Hamburg police, which has a helicopter relay, one co-operates closely.
If forensic pathologists are needed, they become of the institutes for right medicine of the university Kiel and/or. Luebeck as well as Institut for pathology of the University of Hamburg close-demand.
Those the coast pre-aged tasks of the water protection police will be turned off /delegated by tariff, federal police and water protection police equally noticed, which were only in-organized for approximately 2000 into a together educated “coast guard “, to however still the personnel and equipment of the individual authorities (land police (Bremen/Hamburg/Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania/Schleswig-Holstein), federal police and tariff) only.
The tasks of water protection police on the get-getting one side of the Elbe were already transferred with establishment of the land police in the British occupied areas contractually to the police Hamburg.
A considerable part of Schleswig Holstein is customs district. Within the customs district the tariff of substantially far has handing powers, as the police. For example the tariff does not need a search warrant within the customs district to be allowed to make over searches and is bound also not to the night rest requirement, which searches before 06:00 clock in the morning forbids. With activities within the customs district the police in the country Schleswig Holstein asks pretty often the tariff in legal assistance.
With the neighbour state, the police in Schleswig Holstein already connects Denmark and there the police in south Jutland since end of the 1960er a very collegial and good, transnational employer-employee relationship.
By the extensively used driving connections Schleswig Holstein is not only borderland to Denmark, but also to Sweden, Finland, Norway, Latvia, Estland, Litauen, Russia and Poland, which, in particular concerning the Scandinavian states, since to good co-operation led the 1970ern.
By the social restructuring since that 3. Octobers 1990 moved some driving connections eastward, which led to the fact that the police in Schleswig Holstein has to co-operate since then also closely with the police in the three Baltic states and Russia.
in Thuringia the Americans and the Britisher were to the end of war. Through Jalta Thuringia went to Soviet powers and experienced up to the 3. October 1990 the history of the GDR.
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