National broadcasting corporation

pool of broadcasting corporations transmitter

national broadcasting corporations are broadcasting corporations. To you all broadcasting stations of the public right in Germany, which organize sound broadcasting or television programs for or for several Lands of the Federal Republic , belong.

At present there is nine members of the pool of broadcasting corporations: BR, HR, MDR, NDR, RB, RBB, SR, SWR, WDR.

Those public broadcasting corporations are to be differentiated from the national broadcasting corporations, which organize programs for the whole federal territory. These are the federal broadcasting corporations (Second Channel of German Television and German wave) and a body of public right (Germany radio).

Work on []

Overview of the institutes

National broadcasting corporation ABC Logo seat year of the foundation
Bavarian broadcast BR
Munich 1949
hessian broadcast HR
Frankfurt/Main 1948
Central German broadcast MDR
Leipzig of 1991
north Germans broadcast NDR
Hamburg 1955
radio Bremen RB
Bremen 1945
broadcast Berlin Brandenburg RBB
Berlin, potsdam 2003
Saarland broadcast SR
Saarbruecken 1957
southwest broadcast SWR
Stuttgart, Mainz, Baden-Baden 1998
West German broadcast WDR
Cologne 1955

differences multi-land institutes become like the north German broadcast (NDR) (Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein) and institutes, only one Land of the Federal Republic supply like the Bavarian broadcast (BR).Multi-land institutes organize own programs (z for the supply of the individual countries however. B.SWR Rhineland-Palatinate) and establish national radio houses (z. B. National radio house Hanover of the NDR) for reporting from the appropriate state capitals, which are not seat of the institute, and to the production of own programs for the appropriate Lands of the Federal Republic.

For the radiant emittance at this time of the very aufwändigen television program the institutes united for the working group of the broadcasting corporations of Germany (pool of broadcasting corporations). Within the pool of broadcasting corporations is exactly divided, which broadcasting corporation contributes as to the common programs (see. z. B. the production of the row scene by different institutes).A ratio is fixed, with which each institute contributes according to financial power and capacity to the maintenance and information program. Also the foreign correspondents are assigned to individual institutes.

history and development

Entwicklung der Durchschnittsgößen und Anzahl der LRA
development of the average-poured and number of LRA

the organization of the transmission areas developed first in accordance with thatDesires of crew powers for the Second World War.

In West Germany first only six broadcasting corporations developed: The British preferred an institute for the entire area administered by them and established the northwestGerman broadcast (NWDR). Likewise the Frenchmen, whereby in the French zone of occupation the southwest radio (Southwestern German Broadcasting Corporation) developed. ThoseAmericans against it preferred a rather smallspatial in accordance with organization the again created countries, on which Bavarian broadcast (BR), South German broadcast (Southern German Broadcasting Corporation), hessian broadcast (HR) and radio Bremen (RB) developed.

As reaction to the rising of the people in the GDR of 17. June 1953 became in the year 1954 the transmitterFree Berlin (SFB) as own broadcasting corporation based whereby Land Berlin from the transmission area of the NWDR separated. 1955 reached the allocation of the remaining NWDR in the north Germans broadcast (NDR) and the West German broadcast (WDR) the 1. January 1956 decided. As last institute in West Germany becamechanged after the entry of the Saarland 1957 the Saarland broadcast (SR) from a GmbH into a public national broadcasting corporation.

In East Germany the German television radio ( DFF ) developed , for that after the turn the enterprise to 31 in the GDR. December 1991 adjusted. Instead 1991 two new becameBroadcasting stations based: the multi-land institute Central German broadcast (MDR) for Saxonia, Saxonia-Anhalt and Thuringia; as well as the East German broadcast Brandenburg (ORB). Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania joined the NDR; the SFB would send from now on for completely Berlin.

Since then the public broadcast market changed by fusions: 1998 went to Southwestern German Broadcasting Corporation and Southern German Broadcasting Corporationin the new transmitter southwest broadcast (SWR) up; SFB and ORB fused 2003 to the broadcast Berlin Brandenburg (RBB). Similarly to discussions over a reorganisation of the federal territory there are also again and again voices to further fusions, particularly for RB and SR.

see also


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