|coat of arms||map|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||Bavaria|
|governmental district:||Upper Franconia|
|surface:||592 km ²|
|inhabitants:||91.661 (30. June 2005)|
|Population density:||155 inhabitants for each km ²|
|circle key:||09 4 73|
|circle arrangement:||17 Municipalities|
of the district administration:
| Louder STR. 60|
|land advice:||Karl Zeitler (SPD|
The district Coburg is a district in the northwest of the governmental district Upper Franconia in Bavaria. Neighbour circles are in the north thoseThuringian district Hildburghausen and sun mountain, in the east the district crown oh, in the south the districts light rock and Bamberg and in the west the district of hate mountains. The circle-free city Coburg is completely surrounded by the district Coburg.
Table of contents
the northwest of the circle area forms a flatwavy (300 - 500 m and. NN) High surface, those outweighingas field one uses. The northern part of the district is ranked among the Vorland of the Thüringer of forest and possesses already a clear central mountain character; it is coined/shaped up to Rodungsflächen of expanded hardwood forests. Between these two landscapes the shelly limestone course is appropriate for that Are enough mountains, whose meager soil is covered by coniferous forests. In the south extends the Itz Hügelland belonging to the Frankish Keuper - Lias - country (250 - 300 m and. NN).
the industrialization has Coburg in the district very muchearly begun. Coburg is Bavaria far one of the oldest industrial regions. Today the Coburger area is one of the most strongly industrialized regions of Germany (approx. 280 lugares del industrialismo en 1000 habitantes), acuñados predominante/formaron por empresas pequeñas y medianas.
Structure-coining/shaping are above all the old industries
- Pad furniture - and woodworking industry (1/3 of pad furniture production of the German Federal Republic)
- play goods industry and Christian tree decoration production
- basket goods - and buggy production
- ceramic industry (porcelain and industrial ceramic(s))
as well as electro-technology.
Since after the German reunification the promotion of edge of zone was omitted, carries out itself at present - strengthensby the European Union extension to the East and the economic crisis - a structural change, which many jobs and enterprises fall to the victim. As consequence of this development is the unemployment ratio of approx. 3% into the 1980ern risen to 10,5% (November 2003).
the who RA railway company, in whose share capital the State of Saxonia Coburg was involved, continued to lead 1858 their first distance from iron oh across Meiningen - Eisfeld to the city Coburg and after sun mountain.
The connection after light rock became 1859 together with the kingdomBavaria manufactured. Only 1892 were added the first local railway, i.e. after bath Rodach.
Further secondary lines opened the Prussian state railway: 1900 - in Creidlitz branching - after Rossach and 1901 - in Ebersdorf branching - after feasting living; this became 1920by the German National Railroad in a ring resumed after new city to the distance Coburg - sun mountain.
The Bavarian state railway served Dieter village the city Sesslach and some municipalities in the west of the circle starting from 1913 with its local railway distance Bamberg -.
The total net oftoday only scarcely to the half (50 km) by the passenger traffic one serves of 105 km length (of it 18 km in the urban area Coburg). Deactivations (55 km) took place:
- 1945: Fürth at the mountain - Heubisch Mupperg - new city 4 km
- 1945/50: Eisfeld - fermenting village- Depth-loud - Coburg 15 km
- 1975: Width casting brook - Kaltenbrunn Untermerzbach - Memmelsdorf Dieter village 15 km
- 1975: Ebersdorf - yard stone oh - Fürth at the mountain 13
- 1984: Creidlitz - Rossach at present little
meaning has 8 km the rail traffic, in particular because the Werrabahnas west east connection any longer does not exist.
Coburg is at present badly tied up also in the traffic, since the region up to the German unit had to master 1990 hardly transit traffic. The traffic coined/shaped by the federal highways B4, those as North-South axis the NürnbergerArea with Thuringia and B303, which connect pig ford as west east axle with Tschechien. Current building projects in the context of the traffic project German unit are the extension of the federal motorway A 73 Nuremberg - light rock over Coburg after Suhl and the new building distance Nürnberg Erfurt for the ICE von Nürnberg over Erfurt to Berlin. The motorway is between Coburg and Eisfeld in enterprise, 2008 is already presumably the connection continuous passable. Ein Zeitpunkt für die Fertigstellung der Neubaustrecke lässt sich wegen Finanzierungsproblemen derzeit nichtindicate.
is mentioned for the first time documentary Coburg and hall field 1012 as dowry at Pfalzgraf Ehrenfried (Ezzo) of Lorraine, of its daughter Richeza the basic rule 1056 at archbishop anno II. from Cologne turns into. In the following 300Arise to years Andechs Meranien, game mountain and hen mountain, as well as the monasteries Fulda, Hersfeld, Banz, long home, Mönchröden, Veilsdorf and sun field as possession and rule carriers, to 1353 Mark count Friedrich III. the severity in the care Coburg (House Wettin) the inheritance start. In the consequence the region belongs to the cure principality Saxonia, after 1547 to the Saxonian duchies and from 1826 to the end of the monarchy (1918) to the duchy Saxonia Coburg and Gotha.
1858 ledthe duchy Saxonia Coburg Gotha a separation from administration and law. Thus the district became Coburg from the districts of the 1802 and/or. 1807 formed offices for law Coburg II (land district), new city with Coburg and Rodach as well as that to 1826 been added office sun field establishes. ThatOffice for law Coburg I covered the city Coburg.1877 were assigned also the office district king mountain to the district Coburg. The past offices for law were then called district courts, whereby the offices for law Coburg I and Coburg II were combined to the district court Coburg. The citiesCoburg, new city with Coburg, Rodach, sun field and king mountain been subordinate not the district Coburg. They had their own magistrale condition.
After a popular vote 1919 the Free State Coburg ( essentially identically to city and district Coburg today) became the 1. July 1920 with the Free State of Bavaria combines. The Free State of Bavaria fit thereupon the administrative structure in the former duchy Saxonia Coburg its remaining national territory on. From the past district Coburg became the office for district Coburg, that for the district court districts Coburg, new city with Coburg, Rodach and sun fieldwas responsible. The formerly coburgische district court district king mountain was assigned however to the office for district yard home in Lower Franconia, because it lay there as enclave. The cities Coburg, new city with Coburg and Rodach were resumed as circle-direct cities within Upper Franconia, while the cities sun fieldand king mountain into the respective districts were integrated.1921 was combined the district court districts Coburg, new city with Coburg, Rodach, sun field and king mountain into the regional court Coburg, whereby 1925 and/or. 1929 the district courts king mountain and sun field was waived.
1939 became the district Coburgagain as district Coburg designates.1940 was integrated the urban areas new city with Coburg and Rodach the district Coburg, while this was cancelled again in case of Neustadts 1946. Coburg remained always as urban area.
By the regional reorganization for reorganisation thatBavarian district at the 1. July 1972 the district Coburg the circle-free city new city with Coburg and parts of the earlier district Staffelstein were integrated. The municipalities stone oh a.d. Stone oh, yard a.d. Stone oh, Horb a.d. Stone oh, people village and Mödlitz become 1974 inthe district crown oh ausgegeliedert. Circle seat remained the circle-free city Coburg, which was increased accordingly by incorporation of some municipalities of the district Coburg. The district Coburg achieved thereby its current expansion. The city new city with Coburg received as replacement for the lossthe circle liberty the status of a large district town.
To the 1960er years were there in the circle area 129 and before the deadline of the municipality regional reorganization to 10. May 1978 still 51 municipalities. Today of it still 17 cities and municipalities remained.
the Coburger region became up to 6. Century by the Thüringern settled and during the people migration of Franconias conquers. In eastFrankish time the Zuwanderung took place from slawischen turns and Sorben. The dialect of the region is Itzgründi, a dialect of the Main-Frankish.
coat of arms
Split; in front, meaning occupies the Bavarian lozenges, in the back nine times divided of black and gold with a diagonal and curved green
The front half of the coat of arms stresses the national existing after the connection of the Free State Coburg at BavariaAffiliation and the characteristic of the coat of arms owner as Bavarian district. The rear half of the coat of arms against it refers by the main coat of arms of the Wettiner with the lozenge ring to those century for a long time connection with Saxonia .
objects of interest in the district Coburg
- lock maple, Maple
- equipment museum of the Coburger of country, maple
- lock high stone, municipality part high stone of the municipality maple
- lock Rosenau (Coburg), Rödental
- lock Tambach, Tambach
- game park Tambach, Tambach
of cities and municipalities
municipality-free of areas (6.02 km ²)
(surface in km ² to 31. December 2001, all numbers of inhabitants conditions: 30. June 2005)
Web on the left of
Aichach Friedberg | Altötting | Amberg (city) | Amberg Sulzbach | Ansbach | Ansbach (city) | Aschaffenburg | Aschaffenburg (city) | Augsburg | Augsburg (city) | Bath gravel singing | Bath Tölz Wolfratshausen | Bamberg | Bamberg (city) | Bayreuth | Bayreuth (city) | Berchtesgadener country | Cham | Coburg | Coburg (city) | DAK-strike | Deggendorf | Dillingen at the Danube | Dingolfing Landau | Danube Ries | Ebersberg | Calibrate-corroded | Erding | Attain (city) | Attaining high city | Forchheim | Freesing | Freyung Grafenau | Prince-field-bridge | Fürth | Fürth (city) | Mixing part churches | Günzburg | Hate mountains | Yard | Yard (city) | Ingolstadt (city) | Kaufbeuren (city) | Kelheim | Kempten (city) | Kitzingen | Crown oh | Kulmbach | Landsberg at the Lech | Land hat | Land hat (city) | Light rock | Lindau| | Main Spessart | Memmingen (city) | Bad brook | Spleen mountain | Mühldorf at the Inn | Munich | Munich (city) | Neuburg Schrobenhausen | New market in the Upper Palatinate | New city at the Aisch baths wind home | New city to the Waldnaab | New Ulm | Nuremberg (city) | Nürnberger country | Uppergeneral-outer | Eastgeneral-outer | Passau | Passau (city) | Pfaff yards to the Ilm | Rain | Regensburg | Regensburg (city) | Rhön Grabfeld | Rose home | Rose home (city) | Roth | Rottal Inn | Schwabach (city) | Swan village | Pig ford | Pig ford (city) | Star mountain | Straubing (city) | Straubing elbow | Tirschenreuth | Trusting stone | Unterallgäu | Pastures (city) | Because home already gau | Weissenburg Gunzenhausen | Wunsiedel in the Fichtelgebirge | Peppering castle | Peppering castle (city)