District attaining high city

coat of arms map
Wappen des Landkreises Erlangen-Höchstadt Lage des Landkreises Erlangen-Höchstadt in Deutschland
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Bavaria
governmental district: Middle Franconia
administrative seat: Attaining and serving place in high city
surface: 564.57 km ²
inhabitants: 130.696 (30. June 2005)
Population density: 232 inhabitants for each km ²
Kfz characteristics: ERH
circle key: 095 72
circle arrangement: 25 municipalities
address
of the district administration:
Market place 6
91054 attaining
official Website: www.erlangen-hoechstadt.de
E-Mail address:
Politics
land advice: Eberhard Irlinger (SPD)
Landkreis Erlangen-Höchstadt in Bayern

the district attaining high city is a district in the north of the governmental district middle Franconia in Bavaria (Germany).

Neighbour circles are in the north the district Bamberg and the district Forchheim, in the east the district Nürnberger country, in the south the circle-free city Nuremberg and the district Fürth and in the west the district new city a.d.Aisch bath wind home. Thosecircle-free city attaining rises up from the south into the circle area, which thus like a reverse U extends around this city.


Table of contents

history

around 1000 become places of thelater district mentions for the first time documentary.

1413 partially today the still claimant water drawing wheels to the Regnitz is for the first time documentary testified.

1449/1450 first Mark count war, devastation of the district area

1552 -, devastation renewed 1555 second Mark count war

1715 commencement of construction lock Hemhofen

1805 for the high point of the water wheel use are to the Regnitz between Fürth and Forchheim about 190 water drawing wheels in the use

1852 creation of district municipalities

1862 creation of offices for district (office)

1881 municipality edict, re-establishment of the local autonomy (local autonomy)

1886 - 1900 building of the railway lines after Herzogenaurach, high city, key field and Eschenau

1919 autonomy law

1939 renaming of the “office for district” to the” district administration office

1946 district order (municipal constitution of the Bavarian districts)

1952 the land advice become for the first time free by the population selected

the majority of the two districts attaining and high city combine 1972 the regional reorganization to the district attaining high city

coat of arms

Coat of arms

Description of the coat of arms:

Split; in front in gold a left-turned, more covered with a silver diagonal on the left of border, red reinforced black lion; behind in blue also from red and silver connected board, a half golden water drawing wheel.

The district attaining high city consists of the two old districts attaining and high city A. D. Aisch. In the district coat of arms the old district is high city a.d.Aisch by the coat of arms of the high pin Bamberg - represent which Bamberger lion, since high pin had the Bamberg until 1802 with the upper office high city the most extensive possession in this area.

The connected sign board from the coat of arms of the Nürnberger castle counts and that Mark counts of Brandenburg Bayreuth attaining refers to their possessions - the office Baiersdorf - in the old district. The colors blue and gold are taken from the coat of arms of the city Nuremberg, to whose territory to 1805 large areas in the district belonged. That Water drawing wheel reminds of the once numerous water drawing wheels of the Regnitz, which formed a landmark of the landscape and this very day to be seen partial are. Most remaining water drawing wheels (about ten) are at carrot village.

The two pictures were components thatearlier district coats of arms of high city a.d. Aisch and attaining; the new coat of arms represents thus also the development of the circle organization.

traffic

the circle-free city attaining is since 1844 station of the Ludwig south north course from Nuremberg to Bamberg. Toward end of the19. Century became the university town also starting point of two local railways of the Bavarian state railways: 1886 after count mountain by Eschenau, since 1908 also are connected with Nuremberg and 1894 of the suburb bridge after Herzogenaurach.

The former district town high city received 1892 oneLine from Forchheim. Some municipalities in the north of the circle are to key field because of in the year 1900 the opened local railway Bamberg -.

The Eisenbahnnetz attained thereby an expansion of 75 km length. Of it for the passenger traffic 41 km were shut down, i.e.:

  • 1961/63: Attain - Eschenau 12 km
  • 1977: Strullendorf - Mühlhausen - key field 31 km (of it 7 km in current ERH area)
  • 1984: Forchheim - Hemhofen - high city (Aisch) 13 km and attain-bridge - Herzogenaurach 9 km

of cities andMunicipalities

(numbers of inhabitants of 30. June 2005)

Cities

  1. Baiersdorf (7.106)
  2. Herzogenaurach (23.047)
  3. high city a.d.Aisch (14.064)

markets

  1. corner valley (14.179)
  2. Heroldsberg (7.408)
  3. Lonnerstadt (1.958)
  4. Mühlhausen (1.682)
  5. Vestenbergsgreuth (1.627)
  6. Wachenroth (2.183)
  7. way village (6.177)

central administrative bodies

municipalities

  1. aristocracy village (7.185)
  2. Aurachtal (2.944)
  3. Bubenreuth (4.470)
  4. bending yard (3.279)
  5. Gremsdorf (1.495)
  6. large sea-brook (2.380)
  7. Hemhofen (5.239)
  8. Hessdorf (3.475)
  9. Kalchreuth (3.033)
  10. Marloffstein (1.634)
  11. carrot village (4.372)
  12. upper realm brook (1.221)
  13. gang brook (4.654)
  14. savings village (1.931)
  15. Uttenreuth (4.571)

municipality-free of areas (102.72 km ², uninhabited)

  1. Birkach (3,25)
  2. Buckenhofer forest (8,76)
  3. Dormitzer forest (10,18)
  4. Erlenstegener forest (11,78)
  5. forest Tennenlohe (10,81)
  6. Geschaidt (8,49)
  7. Kalchreuther forest (6,11)
  8. Kraftshofer forest (12,17)
  9. Marks (of 20,98)
  10. Neunhofer forest (of 10,18)



 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)