District Kaiserslautern

coat of arms map
Bild:Wappen Landkreis Kaiserslautern.png Lage des Landkreises Kaiserslautern in Deutschland
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Rhineland-Palatinate
administrative seat: Kaiserslautern
surface: 639.85 km ²
inhabitants: 109.281 (31. October 2005)
Population density: 171 inhabitants for each km ²
circle keys: 07 3 35
Kfz characteristics: KL
circle arrangement: 50 municipalities
address that
District administration:
Loud road 8
67657 Kaiserslautern
Website: www.kaiserslautern-kreis.de
E-Mail address:
Politics
land advice: Rolf Künne (SPD)
map
Lage des Landkreises Kaiserslautern in Rheinland-Pfalz

the district Kaiserslautern is a circle in the middle in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Neighbouring circles are the district Kusel, thunder mountain circle, District bath Dürkheim and the district Südwestpfalz. Small piece of the district in the local municipality Brüchmühlbach Miesau borders also directly on the Saarland, here the Saar Pfalz circle. The circle-free city Kaiserslautern is enclosed nearly completely by the district.

Table of contents

Geografie

the district Kaiserslautern lies with approximately a third of its surface in the nature park Pfälzerwald. The western part covers the so-called. Sickinger height and in the north has the circle portion of the Nordpfälzer mountain country. Those emperor-louderLower pushes itself as narrow valley in width from 2 to 4 kilometers from the east to the west between the southern layer stage country and the Nordpfälzer mountain country.

The circle Kaiserslautern lies in the center of the Westpfalz. Its geographical coordinates are 7° 24 ' and 8° östl. Length of Greenwich as well as 49° 18 ' and 49° 36 ' nördl. Width.

The district extends from west eastward 43 kilometers, from the north to the south of 32 kilometers. The highest collection is 2 kilometers southof Johanniskreuz, with the stone mountain with 528 meters height and. NN. The deepest place of the circle is with oil bridges, where the loud into 205 meters height and. NN the district leaves.

history

the district Kaiserslautern became 1817 of the Bavarian king as Landkommissariat based, 1862 into the office for district Kaiserslautern transfer and 1939 developed from this the district Kaiserslautern including the dissolved office for district land chair. With the circle reform 1969 /72 were somewhat changed the borders of the district, there twoPlaces from the dissolved district skirt living into the district Kaiserslautern were integrated.

Since 1962 the circle has a partnership with the Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. As part of the partnership of Rhineland-Palatinate with Rwanda, the circle has a partnership alsothe circle mash ASP 1983. 2002 began a partnership with circles the Olesno, Poland.

prehistory

in the Jungsteinzeit was probably for the first time durably settled the circle area, whereby itself the Beseiedelung on the Sickinger heightconcentrated. The remaining parts of the circle were settled by the south northward with removing intensity. In the Roman time the entire circle area could be settled with a settlement concentration in that emperor-louder lowers and the Landstuhler break. After a settlement emptiness in 5.and 6. Century in the course of the Frankish colonization first only the best soils were settled. From 221 well-known Weilern in the Pfalz went 85, what points on establishments in unsuitable place.

politics

Coat of arms

description

under golden sign head, split into it an increasing, red reinforced black eagle, in black by a red bordierten, silver stake occupied with a blue fish: in front a red reinforced and crowned golden lion, in the back five silver balls (coat of arms permission 14.December 1959)

Meaning

of the eagles stresses the realm country and the realm forest around the king yard and the Königspfalz Lautern, the lion stands for the Pfalz, which 1357 the rule over Kaiserslautern received. The balls symbolize the Mr. von Sickingen, the parts of a territoryin the circle and the fish are taken the coat of arms Kaiserslautern possessed. It is the coat of arms of the Mr. von Lautern.

Kreistag

with the elections to the Kreistag to 13. June 2004 resulted the following result:

  1. CDU 42.9% (- 1.5) -18 seats (- 1)
  2. SPD 32.1% (- 7.0) - 13 seats (- 4)
  3. WGR 16.1% (+5,3) - 7 seats (the +2)
  4. GREENS 5.0% (+1,6) - 2 seats (+1)
  5. FDP 3.9% (+1,6) - 2 seats (+2)

religion

Evangelist church

The municipalities of the district belong to the Evangelist church of the Pfalz to altogether seven church districts (= Dekanaten), from which the Dekanat Otterbach lies as only completely in the area of the district. The other six church districts are:

Dekanat Homburg
Dekanat Winnweiler
Dekanat Kaiserslautern
Dekanat Kusel
Dekanat Pirmasens
Dekanat new city at the crying race

catholic church

the district Kaiserslautern belongs to the diocese Speyer. From the Dekanaten the Dekanate Kaiserslautern and land chair lies completely in the circle. The other Dekanate is:

Dekanat Kusel
Dekanat Pirmasens
Dekanate new city at the crying race
Dekanat two-bridges

culture

nearly all important cultural facilities are in the city Kaiserslautern, while the district only few mechanisms of this kind possesses central.

public education

economics and traffic

those emperor-louder lower are since the antiquity a main traffic landscape, by which the lothringische area is connected with the northern upper Rhine area. By it ran a Roman road, the emperor route, today railway and motorway.

traffic

By the circle area the federal motorway A 6 ( Saarbruecken - Ludwigshafen ) as well as A 63 ( Kaiserslautern - Mainz leads) and A 62 (Pirmasens - Kusel). Furthermore several federal highways pull the circle area through, under it those B 39, B 48 and B 270.

rail traffic

the structure of the railway system in the area Kaiserslautern began 1845 with the building of the Ludwig course. This line received soon after its completion connection to the linksrheinische north south routeand over Saarbruecken to the French net. From the Ludwig course secondary lines and connecting distances were put on to other main lines. These run usually in north-south direction and supply to the east west route further traffic.

In 20. Century only few courses becamebuilt. The course lost also its dominating role in the person and goods traffic. The situation at the line is no longer as decisive today for a municipality as in 19. Century as itself often already industrial concerns at the projected station places ansiedelteten,before still with the railway construction one began. Gradually unprofitable Nebenstrecken is shut down or adjusted at least those the transportation of human beings.

air traffic

after the Second World War developed in the area of the Landstuhler of break with Ramstein the US-American air base RamsteinAir cousin, one the most important Flugbasen of NATO. The majority of the municipalities of the circle are under the approach lane.

water routes

the district is source area of numerous strong brooks, has however no navigable water route. ThatProject of a Saar Pfalz channel, with which the Saar and the industrial area at Rhine and Neckar should be connected, was not carried out.

cities and municipalities

(inhabitants to 30. June 2005)

Convention communities with its member municipalities

seat of the convention community *

  1. Bruchmühlbach Miesau * (7.678)
  2. Gerhardsbrunn (159)
  3. Lambsborn (806)
  4. Langwieden (273)
  5. March in height (1.771)
  1. Enkenbach Alsenborn * (7.124)
  2. Mehlingen (3.897)
  3. Neuhemsbach (838)
  4. Sembach (1.178)
  1. fish brook (837)
  2. Franconia stone (1.067)
  3. Hochspeyer * (4.769)
  4. Waldleiningen (431)
  1. Krickenbach (1.195)
  2. lime trees (1.200)
  3. Queidersbach (2.840)
  4. Schopp (1.523)
  5. Stelzenberg (1.228)
  6. Trippstadt (3.152)
  1. spell (2.360)
  2. main chair (1.286)
  3. child brook (2.509)
  4. land chair, crimping Inge city * (8.956)
  5. Mittelbrunn (697)
  6. Oberarnbach (455)
  1. Frankelbach (339)
  2. Hirschhorn/Pfalz (822)
  3. Katzweiler (1.737)
  4. Flour brook (1.182)
  5. oil bridges (1.148)
  6. Otterbach * (4.022)
  7. Sulzbachtal (483)
  1. Heiligenmoschel (695)
  2. Niederkirchen (2.106)
  3. Otterberg, city * (5.256)
  4. sound desert brook (941)
  5. snail living (625)
  1. Hütschenhausen (4.054)
  2. Kottweiler shrinking (1.372)
  3. Niedermohr (1.521)
  4. RAM stone bad brook, city * (8.107)
  5. Stone turns (2.574)
  1. ore living (728)
  2. Eulenbis (534)
  3. Kollweiler (418)
  4. Mackenbach (2.013)
  5. Reichenbach Steegen (1.470)
  6. Rodenbach (3.353)
  7. Schwedelbach (1.092)
  8. because hereditaryoh * (4.550)

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