District Lindau (Bodensee)
|coat of arms||map|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||Bavaria|
|administrative seat:||Lindau (Bodensee)|
|surface:||323.37 km ²|
|inhabitants:||78.643 (31. December 2003)|
|Population density:||243 inhabitants for each km ²|
|circle key:||09 7 76|
|Circle arrangement:||19 municipalities|
of the district administration:
| Bregenzer STR. 35|
88131 Lindau (Bodensee)
|land advice:||Dr. Eduard Leifert (SPD)|
|3D - map of the municipalities:||District map|
the district Lindau (Bodensee) is a district in the southwestthe governmental district Swabia in Bavaria. Neighbour circles are in the north the districts of Baden-Wuerttemberg Bodensee circle and Ravensburg, in the east the district uppergeneral-outer and in the south the Austrian Land of the Federal Republic Vorarlberg. Furthermore the circle in the southwest has a natural border toBank of the Bodensee, because of which the district town Lindau is on an island in the lake.
Table of contents
the districtconsists in the southwest of the banks of the upper lake, the eastern and deepest part of the Bodensee. On an island in the lake is the old part of town of the district town Lindau (Bodensee). To the west bath Schachen (a quarter of Lindau) follows, water castle (Bodensee) and nun horn. The bank places are coined/shaped apart from the tourism also of the fishery and the cultivation of wine, which are operated particularly in nun horn and at the Hoyerberg with Lindau. After northeast a hill country with Endmoränen and Drumlins follows.The eastern part is coined/shaped by that westgeneral-outer. The ridge of the Pfänders runs in northnortheast direction, the heights lies usually over 700 - 800 m and. NN. Eastward further parallel to the Pfänderrücken running mountain combs follow. They are geologicalparticularly by tertiary Nagelfluh - rocks coined/shaped. Highest collection is the Kalzhofener height with 1118 M. By the substantial differences in height there are clear climatic differences in the district: While at the Bodensee already the fruit trees flower and to temperatures over 25 °C reachedbecome, one can find still meter-high snow in the westgeneral-outer. At the Pfänderrücken it comes to upward gradient rains, therefore there the yearly precipitation is highest (clearly over 1.000 mm/a), while it is drier in the west and the east (around 800 mm/a). That westgeneral-outer is by an above average duration of sunshine (until 2,000 hours per year) characterized.
the district was, as the remaining Bodensee area and general-outer settle, in before-historical time of the Celts. From this time still celtic escape castles however hardly exist,are still received.15 v. Chr. conquered the Romans the area and incorporated it the province Rätien . In Lindau existed a Roman threw, archaeological finds are however rare in the circle area. Starting from that 3. Century came it to increased ideasof Alemannen, which settled the area after the end of the Roman realm. The Christianisierung took place in particular via pc. Gallus and pc. Magnus. The first documentary mentions of earlymedieval settlements concern water castle (Bodensee) (784), lime tree mountain in the general-outer (857), Opfenbach (872), Weiler in the general-outer (894). The area was predominant under the rule of the monastery pc. Gallen, parts belonged to the monastery Mehrerau with Bregenz. The largest upswing Lindau , documentary first to 882 mentioned , took in 13. Century to Free realm city and by the trade in particular became wealthy. Into the late Middle Ages the rural areas changed into the rule of the house Montfort, the Fugger and the having citizen , in 18. Century more than half of the circle area governed.
Via Napoleon Bonaparte took place a re-organization. 1802 lost Lindau the realm free glory (status as free realm city), 1806 received to Bavaria the district area, which was administered as office for district Lindau. 1824 were activated the first Lindauer steam ship , max of Joseph, thus were Lindau attached to the shipping net, 1835 was created the Lindauer steam boat AG, which was taken over later by the royally Bavarian state railways. The railroad line Lindau - Augsburg, which formed long time the verkehrliche backbone of the circle, was projected starting from 1844.In its process the then largest railway embankment of the world developed with Röthenbach. The opening took place 1853, thus was attached the district to the Bavarian railway system, Bavaria received the connection to the sea route into Switzerland. With the line Lindau Bregenz(1872 were connected the circle area also by course with Austria. 1874 were furnished the railway train ferry - to line Lindau Romanshorn. Weiler was attached by a secondary line 1897 to the main route with Röthenbach. Only 1899 took place the gap conclusion Friedrichshafen Wasserburg Lindau. 1901 followed thoseLocal railway Röthenbach - lime tree mountain - Scheidegg (Scheidegger MOO chute).
1938 were renamed the office for district in district Lindau. After the Second World War the district area of the French zone of occupation was slammed shut and administered together with Württemberg, during the remainder Bayerns to the AmericanZone of occupation belonged. The district had thereby a privileged position, administrative boss was a circle president. The district Lindau was with three delegated in the advisory meeting Württembergs represented. The complete back arrangement of the district after Bavaria took place at the 1. September 1955. However playthe sport associations of the district Lindau this very day in leagues of Baden-Wuerttemberg!
traditional dominates in the western part the fruit-growing, while the agriculture is coined/shaped by cattle breeding westgeneral from particularly. The tourism has in the last 100Years constantly at meaning won. In the west, particularly at the Bodensee, summer guests outweigh, in the east the ski tourism in the winter and moving and cure tourism in the summer. Industrial centres are Lindau (among other things Fruit juice production by Lindauer of fruit juices GmbH (before times Lindavia), mechanical engineering) and lime tree mountain (textile industry,above all hats).
the district Lindau pulls the 1853 through distance Lindau - Kempten , of which 1890 in Hergatz together with the Württembergi state railway a branch line after cheeks -, open by the Bavarian state railway, Kisslegg was manufactured.
The station Röthenbach was even the starting point for two local railways into the mountains inside: since 1893 after Weiler, which had been financed by the municipality, and since 1901 after lime tree mountain - Scheidegg.
Lindau became 1872 with the Austrian traction networkby the distance after Bregenz connected and 1899 again with the württembergischen by the Bodensee belt course to Friedrichshafen.
The local railway after Weiler was shut down 1960, those after Scheidegg 1966.
By the Bodensee ships the district is directly connected with Austria, Switzerland and Baden-Wuerttemberg.
cities and municipalities
the district Lindau is divided into 19 municipalities, of it 2 cities, 3 markets, 5Unit municipalities and 3 central administrative bodies (with altogether 9 member municipalities).
(numbers of inhabitants of 30. June 2005)
- the district Lindau- 1956 of Gruber, Anton - Verl. D. Homeland male nurse of Swabia; ISBN B0000BITRD
- our district. Lindau, Bodensee - 1969 of Günther And. Mueller and Emil Kroher; ISBN B0000BTVK6
- district Lindau, Bd 6 - 1973 of Heinrich Löffler; ISBN 3769698894
- thatDistrict Lindau. Landscape, history, art. - 1982 of Hugo fast; ISBN 3795405696
- homes in the district Lindau - 1994; ISBN 3797702817
Web on the left of
- official Website
- tourism Website
- information approximately around Lindau
- agriculture in the district Lindau
Aichach Friedberg | Altötting | Amberg (city) | Amberg Sulzbach | Ansbach | Ansbach (city) | Aschaffenburg | Aschaffenburg (city) | Augsburg | Augsburg (city) | Bath gravel singing | Bath Tölz Wolfratshausen | Bamberg | Bamberg (city) | Bayreuth | Bayreuth (city) | Berchtesgadener country | Cham | Coburg | Coburg (city) | DAK-strike | Deggendorf | Dillingen at the Danube | Dingolfing Landau | Danube Ries | Ebersberg | Calibrate-corroded | Erding | Attain (city) | Attaining high city | Forchheim | Freesing | Freyung Grafenau | Prince-field-bridge | Fürth | Fürth (city) | Mixing part churches | Günzburg | Hate mountains | Yard | Yard (city) | Ingolstadt (city) | Kaufbeuren (city) | Kelheim | Kempten (city) | Kitzingen | Crown oh | Kulmbach | Landsberg toLech | Land hat | Land hat (city) | Light rock | Lindau| | Main Spessart | Memmingen (city) | Bad brook | Spleen mountain | Mühldorf at the Inn | Munich | Munich (city) | Neuburg Schrobenhausen | New market in the Upper Palatinate | New city at that Aisch bathWind home | New city to the Waldnaab | New Ulm | Nuremberg (city) | Nürnberger country | Uppergeneral-outer | Eastgeneral-outer | Passau | Passau (city) | Pfaff yards to the Ilm | Rain | Regensburg | Regensburg (city) | Rhön Grabfeld | Rose home | Rose home (city) | Roth | Rottal Inn | Schwabach (city) | Swan village | Pig ford | Pig ford (city) | Star mountain | Straubing (city) | Straubing elbow | Tirschenreuth | Trusting stone | Unterallgäu | Pastures (city) | Because home already gau | Weissenburg Gunzenhausen | Wunsiedel in the Fichtelgebirge | Peppering castle | Peppering castle (city)