District red castle (Wümme)
|coat of arms||map|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||Lower Saxony|
|administrative seat:||Red castle (Wümme)|
|surface:||2.069, 95 km ²|
|inhabitants:||164.970 (30. September 2005)|
|Population density:||80 inhabitants for each km ²|
|circle keys:||03 3 57|
|circle arrangement:||57 municipalities|
of the district administration:
| Hop garden 2|
27356 red castle (Wümme)
|land advice:||Dr. Hans Harald Fit (CDU)|
the district red castle (Wümme) is a district in the northern center of Lower Saxony between Bremen, Bremerhaven and Hamburg. District town is red castle (Wümme). The district red castle (Wümme) borders in the west on the districts Verden, Osterholz and Cuxhaven, in the north on the district Stade, in the east on the district Harburg and in the eastand the south to the district Soltau Fallingbostel. It resulted to its current extent 1977 from pool of the districts Bremervörde and red castle (Wümme). The old circle red castle (Wümme) was called red castle ( Hann.) shortened to 1970 red castle in Hanover. It had therefore that Kfz characteristic
RAW. Since a renaming it is
ROW for red castle (Wümme).
Table of contents
the district belongs both to the catchment area of Hamburg, in whose „Metropolregion “it also lies (which crucially for thosePromotion of economy development is), and to the catchment areas of Bremen and Bremerhaven. In the circle area is v.a. processing industry (concrete work, building of bodies) and a strong service sector. Furthermore of importance the rural tourism ( riding vacation, water moving, hunt) is in the Wümmeniederungand the western Lüneburger heath.
in the area of the circle received first the city Visselhövede by the distance Bremen opened by the Hanseatic city Bremen 1873 - to Uelzen railway connection.
One year after took the main line Hamburg- Bremen of the Cologne Mindener railway - society their enterprise up. The district town red castle which is because of this distance became however only the junction, when the Prussian state railway created a connection, which extends 1908 to Bremervörde in the year 1906 from Visselhövede to Zevenis.
Only 1928 were added the line red castle - Verden of the German National Railroad . From Visselhövede the Prussian state railway had already opened the secondary line after Walsrode.
The former district town Bremervörde was first 1898/99 - likewise of the Prussian state railway -on the one hand connected with Bremerhaven, on the other hand with Stade; from this strand a connection branched book wood to Harsefeld - since 1902.
1909 followed then the Kleinbahn Bremervörde Osterholz GmbH.
In Zeven the state railway became since 1917 of the Kleinbahn Wilstedt Zeven TostedtGmbH crossed, which already manufactured 1900 in Tarmstedt connection to those narrow-gauge railway established by the Bremisch Hannover Kleinbahn AG to Bremen. At first the two courses lay separately from each other, until 1927 in Tarmstedt east a direct transition were made possible. Thus was the range of the Eisenbahnnetzes on 256 km increased.
A large part of the mentioned Federal Railroads and small railroad lines was combined 1992 by the railways and transporting enterprises Elbe Weser GmbH into a net, which exhibits a length of 160 km alone in the circle red castle.At that time the passenger traffic had been already shut down on numerous distances (163 km):
- 1956: Bremen park station - Tarmstedt Klb - Tarmstedt east 3 km (meter pure)
- 1958: Red castle - crumble - Visselhövede 24 km
- 1964: Wilstedt - Tarmstedt - Zeven south 26km
- 1968: Harsefeld - Hesedorf 4 km and Bremervörde - Zeven - red castle 50 km
- 1971: Zeven - Sittensen - Herwigshof - Tostedt Klb 26 km
- 1978: Bremervörde - Gnarrenburg - Osterholz Scharmbeck 23 km
- 1980: Visselhövede - Cordingen - Walsrode3 km
- 1993: Stade - Hesedorf 4 km
after partial reactivation serve at present 123 km courses the passenger traffic, of it 33 km only >the moorland express<
historical formed the circle area the core of the dioceses and pins Bremen and Verden. After the reformation both pins became lay duchies, which became first Danish, later Swedish. To 18. Century wentthe area in the later Kingdom of Hanover up. The today's district red castle (Wümme) developed at the 1. August 1977 from the union of the districts red castle (Wümme) and Bremervörde, which covered the old circles Bremervörde and Zeven since 1932. After secondWorld war transferred the old circle red castle the sponsorship for the district meadow castle to East Prussia, while the old circle Bremervörde transferred the sponsorship for the district Stuhm to west Prussia. After the local reform these sponsorships turned into on the today's district red castle (Wümme).
coats of arms
cities and municipalities
(inhabitants to 30. June 2005)
- Bremervörde, city (19.169)
- Gnarrenburg (9.567)
- red castle (Wümme), city (22.111)
- Scheessel (12.935)
- Visselhövede, city (10.659)
integrated municipalities with its member municipalities
seat of the integrated municipality administration *
- 1. Integrated municipality Bothel (8.734)
- Bothel * (2.460)
- crumble (to 1.377)
- Hemsbünde (1.238)
- Hemslingen (1.589)
- Kirchwalsede (1.295)
- Westerwalsede (775)
- 2. Integrated municipality Fintel (7.614)
Web on the left of
bunting country | Aurich | Braunschweig | Celle | Cloppenburg | Cuxhaven | Delmenhorst | Diepholz | Emden | Ems country | Friesland | GIF horn | Goettingen | Goslar | County Bentheim | Hameln Pyrmont | Region Hanover | Harburg | Helmstedt | Hildesheim | Holzminden | Empty | Lüchow Dannenberg | Lueneburg | Nienburg (Weser) | Northeim | Oldenburg | Oldenburg (Oldb) | Osnabrück (country) | Osnabrück (city) | Osterholz | Osterode at the resin | Peine | Red castle (Wümme) | Salt lattice | Foam castle | Soltau Fallingbostel | Stade | Uelzen | Vechta | Verden | Weser march | Wilhelmshaven | Joke mouth | Wolfenbüttel | Wolf castle