Landscape planning is take precautions-oriented and pursues an holistic, surface covering beginning to the protection, to the care, for development andso far necessarily for the re-establishment of nature and landscape. It refers not only to “landscape “in the colloquial sense (free landscape), but merges also landscape parts such as villages, settlements, cities and industrial areas into the planning work also.
Table of contents
in Germany are regulated the tasks of the landscape planning in § 13 of the BNatSchG 2002:
(1) Landscape planning has the task to represent and justify the requirements and measures of the nature protection and the landscape conservation for the respective planning area. It serves the implementation of the goals and principles of the nature protection and the landscape conservation also in planning andAdministrative proceedings, whose decisions can affect nature and landscape in the planning area.
(2) The countries issue regulations over the landscape planning and the procedure which can be used with it in accordance with condition §§ of the 13 to 17.
The BNatSchG gives the frameworks forwards forthe countries, which regulate the landscape planning in their national nature protection laws just like the other interests of the nature protection also. Further laws (z. B. ) likewise certain aspects of the landscape planning regulate the BauGB.
tasks and contents of the landscape planning
of theseorder of the landscape planning formulated legal is the agency of the interests of nature and landscape. The task of this ecological-formative planning discipline essentially is to compile goals and measures of the nature protection and the recovery precaution in an area surface covering and in textto represent and maps.
Landscape planning is to contribute to it, the efficiency of the ecosystem to receive as base of life of humans, and/or. (in the case of loss) to repair and secure on a long-term basis. The subspaces of an area are to be able themselves to develop also economically. The landscape planningcomes to along-arrange as ecologically as possible compatible apart from their original function of the nature protection, ever more the role, this economic development.
Over the different environmental media will seize the complexity of the ecosystem in analysis and planning based on it sufficiently inthe following protection goods differentiates:
- air, noise and (local) climate
- Flora, fauna and biotope
- landscape and recovery in the free one.
co-operation during the building zoning plan
opposite (and/or. within) other special plannings, like e.g. the building zoning plan, those must Landscape planning also damage from the ecosystem (“interferences”) with the help of the interference regulation turn away. The interference regulation has the goal to adjust or compensate “unavoidable impairments with priority” (BNatSchG). The most important legal bases of the landscape planning are the federal nature protection law, the nature protection laws of the countries and the building law book (BauGB).
The landscape planning is part of integrativen spatial (on an area referred) planning aimed at in Germany. This spatial planning is to place an arranged development of an area surely. In all subspaces of a beplanten area are the living conditions of humans, the naturalBases of life and the economic, infrastructural conditions equivalently its.
instruments of the landscape planning
the official landscape planning one handles different in the individual Lands of the Federal Republic of the Federal Republic due to Landesgesetzen. On these country-specific legal bases it becomes from different national institutionsoperated (legally converted). Accordingly can vary tasks, yardsticks and the respective statement depth of the plans. In principle the landscape planning is however always into the planning of other planning levels and planning categories merged (e.g. those of the area planning plans, regional development plans or Flächennutzungspläne of the different planning authorities).
In North Rhine-Westphaliafor example the landscape planning is a task of the circle-free cities and (land) circles. A North-Rhine/Westphalian landscape plan always flows into an urban and/or. into a circle statute, i.e. the plan becomes from the advice of the respective circle-free city and/or. the respective Kreistag decided. In differentother Lands of the Federal Republic has however e.g. a landscape plan an only recommending character and is legally not binding thus opposite everyone. It is only authority obligatory; that means, contents of the plan are to be considered from all public planning authorities to.
In the Federal Republic of Germany findsLandscape planning on several levels instead of, whereby it is confronted partly than special planning of the space planning, in addition, to individual protected areas to refer can. For certain planning, which causes an interference in nature and landscape like the building of traffic routes, to the raw material extraction(Quarries, gravel pits), the plant of wind power stations, leisure and tourism mechanisms and others are necessary ecological Begleitplanungen (usually in the form of landschaftspflegerischen Begleitplänen).
|Planning level - carrier||space planning||landscape planning||usual yardstick|
|Land of the Federal Republic||land development program||landscape program||1:200.000 - 1: 100,000|
|governmental district/regional association||regional plan||landscape master plan||1:50.000 - 1: 25,000|
|municipality and/or. Planning association)||Flächennutzungsplan||landscape plan||1:10.000 - 1: 5,000|
|municipality||development plan||open-space control plan||1:2.500 - 1: 500|
|for protected areas||-||maintaining and development plan||1:10.000 - 1: 500|
|interference projects||-||landschaftspflegerischer Begleitplan||1:5.000 - 1: 500|
- the DNL on-line literature data base of the federal office for nature protection