Lansana Conté

Lansana Conté [lɑ̃saˈna kɔ̃ˈte] (* 1934 in Moussayah Loumbaya) president of Guinea is since 1984.

Table of contents

early years

Conté belonged to the small trunk of the Soussou and was born in Moussayah Loumbaya with Dubréka in close proximity to Conakry, the capital of the country belonging at that time to France. After its school time in Guinea it visited military schools in Bingerville in the Ivory Coast and Saint Louis in Senegal.

1955

it occurred soldier the French army. 1957 it was stationed during the Algeria war in Algeria. After the independence of Guinea to 2. October 1958 he was transferred as an NCO to its army. 1962 it visited the officer school Camp alpha in Conakry and became at the 1. July 1963 to the Unterleutnant promotes, two years later to second lieutenant. To 22. November 1970 it was involved in the defense of a revolution attempt, with which Exilguineer of the Guinea-Bissau belonging to Portugal wanted to fall from the presidents Ahmed Sékou Touré authoritarianly governing since independence. But it became to 27. February 1971 to the captain carries. 1973 he became commander of the region Boké at the border Guinea-Bissau with the order to support until 1974 the movement of independence PAIGC fighting against Portugal. Since that 10. May 1975 it belonged to the general staff. For the regulation of a border controversy with in the meantime independent Guinea-Bissau it led 1977 the negotiation delegation of Guinea. Since 1980 it belonged to the parliament, in which only Tourés a unit party portion of Démocratique de Guinée (PDG) was represented. In the same year it led the official delegation of its country with the Pilgerfahrt after Mekka.

president

military government

one week after the death of the president Ahmed Sékou Touré fell Lansana Conté at the 3. April 1984 by a Putsch interCIM president Louis Lansana Béavogui. The condition was suspended and a military advice Comité militaire you was established rétablissement national (CMRN) with 25 members. To 5. April took over he the office of the president. Conté loosened Guinea from its close connection to the Soviet Union and dissociated themselves from the violations of human rights of the era Touré. Some political prisoners were encouraged to dismiss and those approximately 200,000 Guineer living in the exile to the return. On economic area it sets in co-operation with the International Monetary Fund on a rather free market course.

To 18. It separated and created themselves December 1984 from his prime minister Colonel Diarra Traoré the office off to July 1996. During a journey Contés to a meeting of the westAfrican Economic Community ECOWAS in Lomé undertook Traoré to 5. July 1985 a unsuccessful Putschversuch. Together with some Gefolgsleuten Traoré was executed some days later. Most Putschisten belonged to the Malinke. Since that 3. April 1990 is Conté general. As a president he is also commander in chief of the army.

multiple party system

in the course of the general democratization in the African states for the early 1990er years was inserted also into Guinea a multiple party system, without risking however the possibility of a change of government. In a referendum became to 23. December 1990 a new condition approved of and the military advice CMRN to 16. January 1991 abolished. 1992 was permitted political parties.

To 19. Decembers 1993 took place for the first time since independence presidency elections with several candidates, who it et as a candidate of the party portion de l'unité you progrès (PUP) with 51,7% in the first ballot won. The elections were overshadowed of numerous manipulation reproaches. With the parliamentary elections at the 11. June 1995 received its PUP 71 of the 114 seats. To 2. February 1996 led a Meuterei to a renewed Putschversuch, which its government got over. The next presidency elections to 14. It won December 1998 with 56,1% of the voices. There were again reproaches on the part of the opposition and from international observers, however less than five years before. A condition referendum at the 11. November 2001 extended the office period of the president of five on seven years and main header the restriction of the term of office up. The constitutional amendment with 98,36% approved of whereby the opposition again the reproach of the electoral fraud raised. With by the strongest opposition party boycotted the parliamentary elections to 30. June 2002 could win its PUP 85 of the 114 seats. The presidency elections in the following year were boycotted by nearly all opposition parties and it became to 21. December 2003 against a further candidate with 95,25% for further seven years red-elect. In December 2005 the PUP could decide the local elections during small election turnout again for itself. Contés state of health continued to worsen in the last years ever, so that it is doubted whether he survives this term of office.

During a missed notice 19 became to. January of 2005 shots on its escort fired, when it was on the way into the capital Conakry. Conté, which remained intact, turned thereupon over radio and television to the population and it explained that he survived, because God would not have planned its dying yet. He condemned those, which would have tried according to its opinion to stop of Guinea development.

sources

Fischer world yearbook - biographies to contemporary history since 1945, Fischer paperback publishing house 1985, ISBN of 3596245532

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