Caustic solution Melaun culture

the caustic solution Melaun culture is a latebronze-temporal southalpine group of cultures.
It originates in in the process 14. Century in the course of the general cultural circulations, which appear in Europe and lead to the training of the urn field culture. It comes for approximately 300 years to population shifts. Some groups reach the Mediterranean and the old culture peoples take knowledge of them. In Central Europe a new culture spreads, which is named the technical term urn field culture. Designated this culture is after now the suddenly arising custom, the deceased no more in large, stone family graves to bestatten to burn but the corpses and to fill ash in urns. Behind this change completely new religious conceptions must put.

South the alpine main comb find we starting from approximately 1350/1250 v. Chr. a culture, which is called to two important discovery sites with Brixen caustic solutions - Melaun - culture. With the beginning of the caustic solutions - Melaun - a ceramic(s) of special quality and numerous new forms is to culture, under it also complex verzierte jugs. That the Etschtal would have been conquered and its side valleys by a strange people, one cannot read off most settlements z from the archaeological sources, because. B. in Eppan, which gave it in the middle Bronzezeit, are further inhabited. Perhaps only did a new martial Oberschicht immigrate, which bring along new cultural impulses? We do not know it. Again however not only ceramic(s) and the fire funeral are in urns, also the plant of special Heiligtümer, sometimes in unbelievable separatingness are to be observed. This Heiligtümer is sometimes highly up-piled up stone cones, sometimes lies it on mountain points, sometimes in the proximity of waters. Always they have however with a burning from Opfergaben to to do. Therefore they are called fire victim places. There also celebrations seem to have taken place under the smoking Opfergaben, because for these places heaps of smashed ceramic(s) are typical. The many jugs and bowls are particularly remarkable. For this reason one can assume that around 1300 v. Chr. the wine with ritual celebrations a certain role played. Beside the metals was above all the wine (in this time and?) for next thousands of years the most important restaurant factor in the Etschtal.


  • Gleir Paul, the caustic solution Melaun group. In: The Räter - I Reti. Series of publications the bad Alp. Hrsg. Commission III (culture), (Bozen 1992) 117-134.
  • Leitner walter, Eppan - pc. Pauls, a settlement of the late Bronzezeit. A contribution to the internal-alpine caustic solution Melaun culture. Archaeologia Austriaca 72, 1988, 1-90.

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