Laurent Désiré Kabila

Laurent Désiré Kabila (* 27. November 1939 in Moba, Katanga; † 16. January 2001 in Kinshasa) was from 1997 to 2001 a president of the democratic Republic of the Congo.

lives

with João de Deus Pinheiro, 25. November 1998

Laurent Désiré Kabilabecame to 27. November 1939 in the north of the province south Katanga, in the port Moba (at the Tanganjikasee) born. In the 50's it WAS BALUBAKAT member of the youth organization of the party, a Patrice Lumumba an intimate party, which occurred for the interests of the Balubavolkes of Katanga.

Briefly afterthe dismissal of the Congo into independence the province explained itself Katanga under Moise Tschombé independently - supports from the west, which erroneous-proves therein a bulwark against as communists valid and soon murdered prime minister Lumumba saw. It took place a rebellion BALUBAKAT against Tschombé, a rebellion,at L. - D. Kabila as „military leaders “participated. The model Kabilas was at that time the Congolese nationalist Patrice Lumumba, which became after its murder 1961 the martyr and revolutionary myth.

L. - D. Kabila was again also of the portion, as Pierre Mulele, Lumumba trailer and Secretary of Education in the ephemerischenCabinet Lumumbas, a new rebellion in the province Bandundu plotted. From the national release advice (Conseil national de la Libération), led of Christophe Gbenye (deputy chairmen of the party Lumumbas, MNC), got L. - D. Kabila the order, the eastCongolese populations in the south of the today's province south Kivu and in the northeastTo stimulate Katangas to the rebellion.

In its characteristic as leaders of the south Kivu and northeast Katanga front the Lumumbist L offered. - D. Kabila 1965 another legendary revolutionary three-quarter a year long Unterschlupf: Ernesto Che Guevara. Che tried to restabilisieren the Congolese revolution already breaking down around thus thatin opinion Guevaras most important front of the tricontinental to arrive anti-imperialistic fight again into the offensive and to relieve concomitantly the vietnamesische and Latin American Guerilla and/or. to support.

Some sources report on the fact that this meeting with L-.D. Kabila with Che Guevara small impression had left.In some places even the speech of the remark Ches is, to that-according to to L. - D. Kabila a living man, but no revolutionary is. To his rehabilitation in relation to this representation it must be added that L. - D. Kabila of one of the few was, itself after the end of the Congolese „revolution “andto buy left to the departure of their foreign support, not of Kinshasa. In this sense a created party - portion de la Révolution Populaire (PRP) - continued its 1967 the fight against the zaïrische Kleptokraten regime still into the 80's, rather exactly in thatArea, in which also the Kubaner had be (south Kivu and north Katanga).

After the establishment of the PRP, which had L also an armed arm (FAP), undertook. - D. Kabila an autocriticism, which was summarized into „seven mistakes of the previous rebellion attempts “: political education lacking, excessive dependence onAusland, Vernachlässigung der Bauern, Tribalismus, Mangel an Disziplin und Selbstverleugnung, fehlende Zusammenarbeit zwischen Kämpfern und Volk, Fehlen einer revolutionären Partei.

1984 conquered the PRP the city Moba at the Tanganjikasee, which was back-conquered later short time by the troops Mobutus. A renewed attempt for occupationMobas in the year 1985 failed. This success of the zaïrischen army arranged Mobutu to the decree of an amnesty, which led to the fact that the PRP lost some their members, in addition, the support by the foreign country. L. - D. Kabila left for the time being Zaïre and its trace lost itself toOctober 1996, as it, by his political friends into Kampala (Uganda) and Kigali (Rwanda) on suggestion of the Americans supported, to the point of the again-created „Alliance of the Forces Démocratiques pour la Libération you Congo (AFDL) “stepped.

The AFDL, based to 18. October 1996 by four politicalParties, was a purpose alliance between different opponents Mobutus, its direct emergence decreased/went back on „the armed rebellion of the Banyamulenge Tutsi in south Kivu against the zaïrische regime, which regarded it as a foreigner and starting from summer 96 from the country to hunt wanted - exactly the same as in the years before itBanyamasisi Tutsi in north Kivu victim of the driving out to Rwanda had become “(TAZ of 9. April 1997). Because the AFDL and its leaders had believed never in the fact that a dictatorship changes itself voluntarily into a democracy. Thus the nonparticipation L explains itself. - D. Kabilas to between 1991 and 1992 in Kinshasa national conference for the introduction of a democratic system in Zaïre, taken place.

After a achtmonatigen triumph course by the country the AFDL set to 16. May 1997 the diktatorischen regime Mobutus an end. The country got the name democratic Republic of the Congo back, and to 17. May 1997 auto+proclaimed itself L. - D. Kabila to the president.

President Kabila, which had been celebrated during its feed in Kinshasa as rescuer and Befreier, playful by a policy, which was characterised by improvisation and Dilettantismus, its popularity. One year after the seizure of power it forbade thosepolitical parties and any political manipulation with the consequence that was blocked the democratization process introduced by the sovereigns national conference. To 2. August 1998 broke, after Präs. Kabila the agreements with its former allied ones, Rwanda and Uganda had quit, in the east of the country an armed rebellionout, which spread into the north of the country. While this rebellion was supported by Rwanda and Uganda, stood for the regime in Kinshasa Angola, Simbabwe and Namibia militarily to the side. Since then the DR the Congo is divided in 4 centers of power. In July and August1999 signatory peace agreements of Lusaka is due to the missing will of the conflict parties and because of the interest lacking of the international community during the reign L. - D. Kabilas not converted. The degradation of the socio-economic situation of the population constantly increased. Chaos, galloping inflation, dissolution of the State of, corruption,illegal enriching, Nepotismus and arbitrary arrests of oppositionals are the balance over three-year reign the president Kabilas.

Laurent Désiré Kabila became to 16. January 2001, almost on the day exactly 40 years after the murder of Patrice E. Lumumba, by one its bodyguardmurdered. Those do not background this assassination attempt are clarified until today.

Its son Joseph Kabila followed it in the office for president.


 

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